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2014 Campus Award, University of Gothenburg


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2014 Campus Award, University of Gothenburg

  1. 1. University  of  Gothenburg   Climate  strategy  2010-­‐2015   A  success  story  on  climate  change  mi=ga=on  through   transboundary  collabora=on  in  a  complex  academic  environment     1   Eddi  Omrcen,  Environmental  manager  
  2. 2. ISCN conference, Singapore NUS, 2013-06-18 8  facul=es  –  38  departments   •   The  Sahlgrenska  Academy  –  pharmacy,  medicine,   odontology  and  health  care  sciences     •   The  Faculty  of  Science     •   The  Faculty  of  Arts   •   The  Faculty  of  Fine,  Applied  and    Performing  Arts       •   The  Faculty  of  Social  Sciences     •   School  of  Business,  Economics  and  Law     •   The  Faculty  of  Educa=on   •   The  IT  Faculty     •  37,000  students,  25,600  full-­‐=me  students   •   237  educa=onal  programmes   •   1,956  courses   •  5,760  employees   •  381,000  square  meters  building  area   •  630  million  Euro  total  income/revenue   Gothenburg University  of  Gothenburg  
  3. 3. Background   ”Sustainable  development  is  important  to  us;  we   always  consider  the  long-­‐term  social,  economic  and   ecological  consequences  and  allow  them  to  guide   our  opera;ons.”    University  of  Gothenburg,  Vision  2020     By  the  fall  of  2009,  the  Vice-­‐Chancellor  of  the   University  of  Gothenburg  assigned  the   environmental  manager  to  develop  a  Climate   strategy.  The  University  is  both  EMAS  registered  and   cer=fied  in  accordance  with  ISO  14001.  With  it´s   well-­‐established  Environmental  Management   System  (EMS),  the  University  is  in  an  excellent   posi=on  to  implement  a  Climate  strategy  and  carry   out  systema=c  monitoring  of  this.     By  having  an  ambi=ous  objec=ve,  the  University  of   Gothenburg  is  able  to  take  responsibility,  set  an   interna=onal  example  and  demonstrate  that  it  takes   the  climate  issue  extremely  seriously.           3  
  4. 4. Organiza=onal  structure  -­‐  Opera=ons   The  Environmental  Unit  plays  a  key  role  in  planning,   coordina=ng,  facilita=ng  and  monitoring  climate   ac=on.  The  Universitys’  well  established  EMS  enables   a  goal-­‐oriented  and  systema=c  approach  to  achieve   the  ambi=ons  set  forth  in  the  Climate  strategy.  The   yearly  results  serves  as  a  base  for  future  priori=es.     The  EMS  also  facilitates  the  management   engagement  necessary  to  implement  the  ambi=ons   outlined  in  the  Climate  strategy.       4  
  5. 5. Organiza=onal  structure  –  Scien=fic  guidance     In  order  to  win  support  for  the  strategy  and  to  drive   its  implementa=on  forward,  the  University  has   formed  an  internal  Climate  CommiCee  consis=ng  of   eminent  researchers  within  the  climate  field.  The  task   of  the  Climate  Commi^ee  is  to  provide  guidance  and   opinions  on  the  university’s  climate-­‐related  work,  and   to  assess  the  measures  described  in  the  strategy.     At  the  University  of  Gothenburg,  this  is  a  unique  way   of  gathering  knowledge  produced  within  the   university  for  applica=on  on  it’s  own  opera=ons.       5   Merri%  Polk,  senior   lecturer  in  Human   Ecology  and  member  of   the  Climate  CommiFee.   Thomas  Sterner,   professor  in   Environmental   Economics,  lead  author   in  the  Interna;onal   Panel  on  Climate   Change  and  member  of   the  Climate  CommiFee.    
  6. 6. Objec=ve  and  ac=on  areas     This  is  being  achieved  mainly  through:   • energy  efficiency  measures,  and  by     • adap=ng  business  travel  in  line  with  clima=c  and  environmental  considera=ons.     Areas  with  an  indirect  posi=ve  or  nega=ve  impact  on  the  climate  have  also  been  iden=fied  to  reinforce  the   University  of  Gothenburg’s  climate-­‐related  efforts:  Research  and  educa8on,  Coopera8on  and  communica8on,   Coordina8ng  purchasing  and  transport,  Computer  use,  and  Food.  Carbon  off-­‐sebng  is  made  for  all  climate   affec=ng  emissions  from  air-­‐travel,  without  it  being  calculated  for  in  the  objec=ve  follow-­‐up.       The  target  fulfillment  is  monitored    through  emissions  from  travel  and  energy  consump=on.  The  target  is  set   in  absolute  figures,  giving  that  when  the  university  grows  in  revenues,  students  and  staff,  it  does  not  affect   the  target.   6   The  main  objec8ve  is  to  reduce  total  carbon  dioxide  emissions  by  the  year  2015  by   at  least  20  percent  compared  with  2008  levels.  The  University  of  Gothenburg  also   aims  to  reduce  total  energy  usage  by  10  per  cent  for  the  same  period.    
  7. 7. Achievement   By  the  end  of  2013  the  target  was  almost  reached  with  a  reduc=on  of  total  carbon  emissions  by   19  per  cent  as  compared  to  the  baseline  year  2008.  Total  energy  use  is  reduced  by  15  per  cent,   excessing  the  10  per  cent  goal.     For  2013  as  compared  to  2012,  energy  usage  was  reduced  by  7  per  cent  giving  economic  savings   equivalent  to  430  000  euros  or  almost  600  000  US  dollars,  and  a  reduc=on  of  carbon  dioxide   emissions  by  3  per  cent.       0   2000   4000   6000   8000   10000   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   Total  carbon  dioxide  emissions  (tonnes)   0   50   100   150   200   250   300   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   Average  energy  consump=on  (kWh/m2)   District  hea=ng   Electricity   7  
  8. 8. Challenges  overcome:  Conflic=ng  objec=ves   Increased  interna=onaliza=on  is  an  important   objec=ve  for  the  University  of  Gothenburg.  In   conjunc=on  with  increasingly  interna=onalized   research  and  educa=on,  reducing  greenhouse  gas   emissions  from  air  travel  is  a  challenge.       To  meet  this  challenge,  a  policy  for  travel  and   mee=ngs  was  adopted,  requiring  special  approval   for  air-­‐travel  under  500  kilometres.  The  University  of   Gothenburg  is  at  the  forefront  in  technical  solu=ons   and  support  for  travel-­‐free  mee=ngs.   Infrastructure,  training  and  informa=on  is  increasing   the  use  of  technology  for  travel  free  mee=ngs.         8   Electricity,   7%   Boat,  5%   Fossil  energy,   0%   District   hea=ng,   27%   Car,  train,   bus,    3%   Flights  under   500  km,  6%   Flights   over  500   km,  52%   Carbon  dioxide  emissions  2013   In  order  to  reduce  the  amount  of  emissions  from  air   travel,  and  s;ll  be  an  interna;onally  successful   University,  an  important  part  of  the  Climate  strategy  is   to  make  travel  free  mee;ngs  a  realis;c  and  well   func;oning  alterna;ve  to  air  travel.    
  9. 9. Challenges  overcome:  Not  owning  facili=es,  no  campus   Swedish  universi=es  are  according  to  legisla=on  not  able  to  buy  or  own  real   estate.  The  university  hires  thus  all  facili=es  from  public  and  private  corpora=ons   on  contracts  on  up  to  a  maximum  of  10  years,  which  imposes  a  great  challenge  in   terms  of  crea=ng  incen=ves  for  energy  savings.       We  don´t  have  a  physical  campus  area,  we  are  a  mul=-­‐site  city  university   integrated  within  the  city  of  Gothenburg.     In  order  to  reduce  climate  impact,    sustainability  aspects  has  been  integrated  into   the  University  policy  for  new  construc=on  and  refurbishment.   A  sustainability  group  with  representa=ves  from  the  University  Environmental   Unit,  Communica=on  Unit  and  Property  Unit  is  appointed  with  the  mandate  to   ensure  that  sustainability  issues  are  included  and  followed  up  in  major  new   construc=on  and  renova=on  work  planned  at  the  University  of  Gothenburg.     Naturally,  this  also  implies  an  in-­‐depth  collabora=on  with  the  property  owners.       9  
  10. 10. Good  examples   1.  Students  commi^ed  to  climate   The  student  ini=a=ve  Fossil  Free  University  of   Gothenburg  argue  that  certain  investments   support  fossil  energy  produc=on  that  is   immoral  and  financially  short  termed,  and   campaigns  for  divestment.       Sahlgrenska  Academy  Students  for   Sustainability  (SASS)  and  Handels  Students  for   Sustainability  (HaSS)  ac=vely  promotes   engagement  in  and  dispersion  of  knowledge   about  sustainable  development.  SASS  also   promotes  ‘meat-­‐free  Mondays’  at  the   University’s  cafés  and  restaurants.       The  Environmental  Unit  supports  student   groups  with  premises  and  networking.             Representa;ves  from  Fossil  free  University  of   Gothenburg  handing  over  the  signatories  for  the   campaign  to  Pam  Fredman,  Vice-­‐Chancellor.   10  
  11. 11. 2.  Good  examples     Climate  seminars   The  University  gives  a  series  of   interdisciplinary  climate  seminars,  aiming  to   highlight  the  importance  of  research  for  in   dealing  with  climate  change.  Approximately   five  seminars  has  been  held  each  year,  of  wich   some  examples  can  be  seen  below:     Video:   COP  17  in  Durban  –  What  can  we  expect  this   =me?     Video:   The  human  mindset  and  rela=on  to  the  earth   and  the  climate  change.       Video:   Globaliza=on  –  A  driving  force  or  an  obstacle   11  
  12. 12. 3.  Good  examples   A  part  of  the  city     Together  with  the  city  of  Gothenburg  and   Sahlgrenska  university  hospital,  the   University  is  sebng  up  a  “Green   I=nerary”  for  a  well  visited  University   area  situated  in  the  city,  “Campus   Medicinareberget”,  aiming  to  develop  an   easy  accessible  campus  without   increasing  motor  traffic.  The  project  is   focusing  on  improved  access  for  bikes   and  pedestrians  as  well  as  more  frequent   public  transports.                 12  
  13. 13. 4.  Good  examles   Climate  off-­‐sebng  through  Gold  Standard  CDM   In  line  with  the  University’s  vision  of  increased   interna=onaliza=on,  carbon  dioxide  emissions   from  travel  has  increased  by  11  per  cent  since   2008.  In  order  to  balance  these  emissions,   carbon  offsebng  is  applied  by  inves=ng  in  a   Gold  Standard  Clean  Development  Mechanism   (CDM)  project.       Carbon  offsebng  is  viewed  as  secondary  to   energy  efficiency  measures  and  sustainable   travelling.   An  internal  climate  fund,  financed  by  part   from  climate  off-­‐sebng  fees,  is  being  planned.   All  University  staff  and  students  will  be  able  to   apply  for  funding  of  a  project  that  helps   reducing  the  Universitys’  carbon  footprint.   13   Part  of  the  climate-­‐offsePng  investments  is   made  in  the  biomass  power  plant  Sri  Balaji  in   the  Indian  state  of  Andhra  Pradesh,  a  Gold   Standard  CDM-­‐project.  
  14. 14. 5.  Good  examples   Cubng  energy  at  the  Laboratory  for  Experimental  Biomedicine  (EBM)   In  a  joint  project,  the  Sahlgrenska   Academy  and  the  property  owner   Akademiska  Hus,  carried  out  several   major  energy  efficiency  measures.  This   reduced  the  energy  consump=on  at  EBM   by  26  percent  in  between  2009  and  2013.       By  reducing  the  use  of  fossil  natural  gas,   carbon  dioxide  emissions  from  EBM  was   reduced  by  over  900  tonnes  to  almost   zero.       Won  the  ISCN  award  2013  ”Excellence  in   buildings”   14  
  15. 15. 6.  Good  examples   An  emerging  living  laboratory   Students  at  the  School  of  Business,  Economics  and  Law  was  assigned  to  count  on  profitability   and  environmental  benefits  of  installing  a  solar  PV  system  on  the  school  roof  in  order  to   provide  recommenda=ons  to  whether,  and  under  what  condi=ons,  the  school  should  agree  to   such  an  investment.       The  assignment  was  carried  out  in  collabora=on  with  Akademiska  hus  who  is  now  proceeding   with  a  proposal  for  actual  installa=on.  The  concept  be  will  used  in  several  facul=es  across  the   University  in  order  to  implement  energy  efficiency  measures  that  have  been  iden=fied  in  a  joint   energy  savings  project  with  another  property  owner,  Higab.         15  
  16. 16. A  unique  approach   The  Climate  strategy  is  unique  at  the  University   of  Gothenburg  as  it  is  a  university-­‐wide   strategy,  including  faculty,  administra=on  and   management.  With  the  support  of  it’s  EMS,  the   University  of  Gothenburg  manages  climate   ac=on  with  a  systema=c  approach,  both  in   implementa=on  and  follow-­‐up.       The  Climate  strategy  is  comprehensive,   including  all  three  ISCN  charter  principles:     buildings,  campus  planning  and  integra=ng   research  and  educa=on.  It  also  includes   student  commitment.   16  
  17. 17. Learning  outcomes   The  University  of  Gothenburg’s  Climate  strategy   shows  that  it  is  possible  for  mul=-­‐site  city   universi=es,  not  in  possession  of  the  buildings  in   which  they  operate,  to  address  climate  impact   across  all  areas  in  an  effec=ve  manner.       It  is  achieved  through  collabora=on  across  the   University,  between  facul=es  and  with  external   stakeholders  such  as  property  owners.       This  creates  opportuni=es  for  technical   solu=ons  and  social  learning  processes,  and   allows  the  University  of  Gothenburg  to  serve  as  a   living  laboratory  for  sustainable  development.       17  
  18. 18. The  future   The  objec=ve  of  reducing  carbon  dioxide   emissions  is  expected  to  be  fullfilled  by   2015,  and  the  University  has  it’s  sights  set   at  taking  the  next  step.         Climate  strategy  2.0  is  set  to  enter  into   force  by  january  2016.  During  fall  2014,  a   series  of  workshops  will  be  held  in  order   to  outline  the  poten=al  for  further   reducing  climate  impact.  Students,  staff,   researchers  and  the  surrounding  society   will  be  involved  in  the  process.       18  
  19. 19. Thank  you  for  your  a^en=on  !   Information: ISCN Award winner Excellence in Buildings Singapore June 2013