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2014 Building Award, Shandong Jiaotong University

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2014 Building Award, Shandong Jiaotong University

  1. 1. ISCN Award 2014 Low Cost of Green Library BuildingLow Cost of Green Library Building Shandong Jiaotong University Jinan, china
  2. 2. ISCN Award 2014 • Campuses compose: Weihai &Changqing &Wuyingshan • Campus toll area: million m2 • Toll floor area:million m2 • 17,300 students • 1,276 staff • 13 schools • 43 Bachelor Degree • Wuyingshan Campuses •• Total members: 45,700Total members: 45,700 About Shandong Jiaotong University
  3. 3. ISCN Award 2014 3 • The Library is located in Jinan city which is in 36 degrees of north latitude belonging to the area of Hot Summer and Cold Winter. The averageThe average temperature of the coldest monthtemperature of the coldest month ttaverageaverage= -= - 00.5.5 CC •• The average temperature of the warmest monthThe average temperature of the warmest month ttaverageaverage= 27= 27 CC •• Dominant windDominant wind ::Northeast - SouthwestNortheast - Southwest datedate Outline Geography and climate
  4. 4. ISCN Award 2014 • The library is a green project with low initial investment, low running cost. • Many methods was adopt to adapt to the climate and achieve comfort environment with low cost. • Total building area:1.57×104㎡ • Total members: 45,700 • Total energy consumption :41,000 tec. / a • On the ground 5 floor, underground 1 floor ▲▲ NN About Library Building
  5. 5. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 5 original environment use ••After transformation:After transformation: Thoroughly clean up garbage, constructThoroughly clean up garbage, construct a campus waterscape 7000m2a campus waterscape 7000m2 ••Original condition:Original condition: Abandoned quarry as the use ofAbandoned quarry as the use of landfill garbage piled depth of 4 ~ 5mlandfill garbage piled depth of 4 ~ 5m mixed the weathering of rock massmixed the weathering of rock mass after a foul pondafter a foul pond
  6. 6. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 6 material utilization 80% of the building materials used local products,80% of the building materials used local products, reducing transportation energy consumptionreducing transportation energy consumption the stonethe stone from localfrom local SiteSite use touse to lay the ground andlay the ground and landscape decorationlandscape decoration
  7. 7. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices Pillars and walls indoors are trying to use the concrete surface effect directly and reduce the decoration secondly. Use of local materials & green plants & waste materials material utilization
  8. 8. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 8 Energy-saving Measures •• Architectural designArchitectural design •• Effective sun shadingEffective sun shading •• Natural draftNatural draft •• High performance envelopeHigh performance envelope •• Natural lightingNatural lighting •• Greening and Roof GardenGreening and Roof Garden
  9. 9. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 9 Shading Use building component to form theUse building component to form the effective sunshade in eesteffective sunshade in eest Roof grilleRoof grille shadingshading VentilatingVentilating chimneychimney ◄◄ 北北 HorizontalHorizontal shadingshading
  10. 10. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 10 West Sun-Shade ▲▲ Main entrence of west shading facadeMain entrence of west shading facade ►► Shading effect at 4:00 noShading effect at 4:00 noonon
  11. 11. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 11 East Sun-shade for Solar house Shadeglass tube onShadeglass tube on the roofthe roof Horizontal shading devices water curtain along glass curtain wall
  12. 12. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 12 Other SHADE DESIGN Greening in every back off balconyGreening in every back off balcony layer and for east sunshadelayer and for east sunshade Grille sunshade frame on roofGrille sunshade frame on roof
  13. 13. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 13 ►SummerSummer VENTILATION ▲▲ transition season ▲▲WinterWinter
  14. 14. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices NATRAL VENTILATION Use ofoverall layout buildings &terrain, physiognomy&greening and so on forming micro climate to natural ventilation building construction
  15. 15. ISCN Award 2014 15 NATRAL VENTILATION Strengthen natural ventilation: use solar energy produce the force to enhance air flow by the difference pressure between air
  16. 16. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 16 NATRAL VENTILATION Night ventilation louver: Low windows easy manual open every night
  17. 17. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 17 Horizontally pivoted window •• Horizontally pivoted windows is channels connected to theHorizontally pivoted windows is channels connected to the periphery and atrium, the outdoor air can be pulled under the windperiphery and atrium, the outdoor air can be pulled under the wind action in the chimney first entered the region, and then into theaction in the chimney first entered the region, and then into the atrium, finally come out from the top.atrium, finally come out from the top.
  18. 18. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 18 NATRAL VENTILATION A B C D Tim e Temp ( C) AB C D Results the night ventilationResults the night ventilation((summersummer):): Ventilation frequency = 2.5~3.5 / hVentilation frequency = 2.5~3.5 / h Night ventilation can make the room temperature drops 1.5 0 CNight ventilation can make the room temperature drops 1.5 0 C Cold storage capacitynight is about 90 kWCold storage capacitynight is about 90 kW
  19. 19. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices Natural lighting 19 ▲▲SSkylightkylight form south sideform south side ▲▲ SSkylightkylight from midlle of library buildingfrom midlle of library building StallsStalls ▲▲ExterierExterier ►►InterierInterier ▲▲CeilingCeiling
  20. 20. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices Natural lighting 20 ▲▲ Rational window design make the naturalRational window design make the natural light distribution uniformlight distribution uniform ►► Reading room uses the skylightReading room uses the skylight,,ShadingShading grating makes light scatteringgrating makes light scattering
  21. 21. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 21 Interio Greening Three-dimensional Green Roof Greening
  22. 22. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 22 Three-dimensional Green ►Interio greening ►Window sillWindow sill greeninggreening ◄◄ greening in the roof cangreening in the roof can bring pleasant readingbring pleasant reading garden place and greeninggarden place and greening can also enhance the roofcan also enhance the roof thermal insulation.thermal insulation.
  23. 23. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 23 Air conditioning system •• Cooling / preheat fresh air by buriedCooling / preheat fresh air by buried pipe undergroundpipe underground •• pond used instead of cooling towerpond used instead of cooling tower •• Screw water chillers as cold source,Screw water chillers as cold source, rated capacity of 471kWrated capacity of 471kW ** 22 •• pond depth:pond depth: 3.5m3.5m •• pond area:pond area: 1800 m21800 m2 •• summer water temperature:summer water temperature: •• the highestthe highest :: 30.530.5 ℃℃ •• the coolingthe cooling :: 33.733.7--38.238.2℃℃
  24. 24. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices Tunnel-ventilation •• prepre--coolingcooling oror preheatingpreheating Outdoor airOutdoor air processing through theprocessing through the threethree tunnelstunnels into the air conditioninginto the air conditioning •• treen tunnels: 2.0 mtreen tunnels: 2.0 m ** 2.5 m2.5 m ** 1.51.5 mm •• wind speed:wind speed:v=0.45m/sv=0.45m/s •• wind drawing by Mechanical ventilationwind drawing by Mechanical ventilation Connect tunnelConnect tunnel to air intake louverto air intake louver Best PracticesBest Practices
  25. 25. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices 25 Rainwate collection •• CCollectionollection rainwaterrainwater from site andfrom site and roofroof toto the pondthe pond.. Best PracticesBest Practices
  26. 26. ISCN Award 2014 Best PracticesBest Practices Rain water pure project •• FFiltering and precipitation disinfectioniltering and precipitation disinfection

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