LTE–Advanced Introduction - Tutorial from IS-Wireless

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Dr Slawomir Pietrzyk, CEO of IS-Wireless, delivered a tutorial entitled: LTE–Advanced Introduction during the IV International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems 2012 which was held in Sankt Petersburg, Russia on October 3-5.

To learn more about our LTE/LTE-Advanced course portfolio, please follow the link: http://is-wirelesstraining.com/trainings

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LTE–Advanced Introduction - Tutorial from IS-Wireless

  1. 1. LTE-Advanced IntroductionICUMT 2012, October 3-5, Sankt Petersburg, Russia
  2. 2. LTE-Advanced Introduction Evolution Path of the 3GPP Systems Standardization 1992 1997 2000 2005 2009 2011 GSM GPRS UMTS HSPA LTE LTE-Advanced 2G 2.5G 3G 3.5G 3.9G 4G Rel. 96 Rel. 5 Phase 1 Rel. 99 Rel. 8 3GPP Rel. 97 Rel. 6 Rel. 10 Phase 2 Rel. 4 Rel. 9 Release Rel. 98 Rel. 7 UL: 128kbps UL: 11Mbps UL: 75Mbps UL: 500Mbps Highest Voice only 14.4kbps DL: 384kbps DL: 28Mbps DL: 325Mbps DL: 1Gbps Data RateCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  3. 3. LTE-Advanced Introduction Features’ Roadmap 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 MIMO Standardization Commercial deployment TF Scheduling Specs Freezing LTE Rel. 8 December 2008 OFDMA/SCFDMA HARQ Reduced architecture Adaptive-MCS Specs Freezing December 2009 LTE Rel. 9 MBMS based on SFN SON Location Services LTE-Advanced Carrier Agregation (wider BW) Specs Freezing March 2011 LTE Rel. 10 Relaying Extended DL MIMO (8x8) UL MIMO (4x4) Enhanced Home eNB & HetNet Specs freezing target december 2012 LTE Rel. 11 Coordinated Multipoint Tx/Rx MTC (M2M Communications) eICIC and RelaysCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  4. 4. LTE-Advanced Introduction LTE-Advanced Requirements vs. IMT-Advanced Requirements Requirement LTE Rel. 8 LTE Rel. 10 IMT-Advanced (LTE Advanced) Peak data rate DL 150 Mbps 1 Gbps 1Gbps (achieved with MIMO 2x2 and BW 20MHz) (achieved with MIMO 4x4 and BW 70MHz) UL 75 Mbps 500 Mbps Peak spectral efficiency DL 16.3 bps/Hz 30 bps/Hz 15 bps/Hz (4x4) (8x8) (4x4) UL 4.32 bps/Hz 15 bps/Hz 6.75 bps/Hz (SISO, 64QAM) (4x4) (2x4) Control Plane latency < 100ms < 50ms 100ms User Plane latency < 5ms < 5ms 10ms Scalable BW support 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20MHz 100MHz (up to 5 CC) 40MHz aggregation VoIP capacity 200 active users per cell for 600 active users per cell for Up to 200 active users 5MHz 5MHz per cell for 5MHz LTE-A is Cell average spectrum efficiency (3km/h, DL MIMO 2x2 1.69 bps/Hz better 2.4 bps/Hz - 500m ISD) than LTE MIMO 4x2 1.87 bps/Hz 2.6 bps/Hz 2.6 bps/Hz MIMO 4x4 2.67 bps/Hz 3.7 bps/Hz - LTE-A fulfills UL MIMO 1x2 0.735 bps/Hz 1.2 bps/Hz - IMT-A requirements MIMO 2x4 - 2 bps/Hz - Cell edge spectrum efficiency (10users, DL MIMO 2x2 0.05 bps/Hz 0.07 bps/Hz - 500m ISD) MIMO 4x2 0.06 bps/Hz 0.09 bps/Hz 0.075 bps/Hz MIMO 4x4 0.08 bps/Hz 0.12 bps/Hz - UL MIMO 1x2 0.024 bps/Hz 0.04 bps/Hz - MIMO 2x4 - 0.07 bps/Hz - Mobility Up to 350km/h Up to 350km/h Up to 350km/hCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  5. 5. LTE-Advanced Introduction LTE Rel. 8/9 Basic Radio Access Techniques Summary E-UTRA Rel. 8/9 Downlink E-UTRA Rel. 8/9 Uplink OFDMA OFDMA SC-FDMA SC-FDMA eNB eNB DL Radio Interface Features UL Radio Interface Features • OFDMA Scheme • Adaptive modulation: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM • SCFDMA Scheme • MIMO (2x2, 4x4, SISO, TxDiversity, SU-MIMO) • Adaptive modulation: QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM (opt) • System BW: 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz • System BW: 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz • HARQ and QoS support • HARQ and QoS supportCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  6. 6. LTE-Advanced Introduction LTE Rel. 10 Radio Access Enhancements Summary E-UTRA Rel. 10 Downlink E-UTRA Rel. 10 Uplink Relaying Relaying eNB eNB RN RN SC-FDMA OFDMA DL Radio Interface Additional Features UL Radio Interface Additional Features • Carrier Aggregation (up to 5 CCs – 100MHz) • MIMO for up to 8x8 (MU-MIMO and BF) • Carrier Aggregation (up to 5 CCs – 100MHz) • Additional Pilots (CSI and UE specific) • MIMO for up to 4x4 (SU-MIMO, MU-MIMO) • Clustered SCFDMA SchemeCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  7. 7. LTE-Advanced Introduction UE Parameters UE Categories UE LTE Release Downlink peak Max. number of Uplink Uplink Category that is data rate layers for DL peak data rate Support for supported spatial 64QAM multiplexing 1 8/9/10 10Mbps 1 5Mbps No 2 8/9/10 50Mbps 2 25Mbps No # of Layers for DL and 3 8/9/10 100Mbps 2 50Mbps No UL and CA support is signalled explicitely 4 8/9/10 150Mbps 2 50Mbps No during NW Attach 5 8/9/10 300Mbps 4 75Mbps Yes 6 10 300Mbps 2 or 4 50Mbps No 7 10 300Mbps 2 or 4 100Mbps No 8 10 3000Mbps 8 1500Mbps Yes Example combinations of CA and MIMO support for peak data-rates assurance UE Category DL CA config (#CC and BW) Max #of layers for DL UL CA config (#CC and BW) Max # of layers for UL Category 6 1CC  20MHz 4 1CC  20MHz 1 2CC  10+10MHz 4 2CC  10+10MHz 1 2CC  20+20MHz 2 1CC  10MHz 2 2CC  10+20MHz 4 (10MHz), 2 (20MHz) - - Category 7 1CC  20MHz 4 2CC  20+20MHz 1 2CC  10+10MHz 4 1CC  20MHz 2 2CC  20+20MHz 2 2CC  10+20MHz 2 (10MHz), 1 (20MHz) 2CC  10+20MHz 4 (10MHz), 2 (20MHz) - - Category 8 2CC  20+20MHz 8 2CC  20+20MHz 4Copyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  8. 8. LTE-Advanced Spectrum Bands E-UTRA Band Uplink (Flow – Fhigh) Downlink (Flow – Fhigh) Duplex Mode Width Tx-Rx Freq separation Supported Bandwidths 1 1920 MHz – 1980 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz FDD 60 MHz 190 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 2 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz FDD 60 MHz 80 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 3 1710 MHz – 1785 MHz 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz FDD 75 MHz 95 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz Band Types 4 1710 MHz – 1755 MHz 2110 MHz – 2155 MHz FDD 45 MHz 400 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 5 824 MHz – 849 MHz 869 MHz – 894MHz FDD 25 MHz 45 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz LTE Rel. 8 Bands 6 830 MHz – 840 MHz 875 MHz – 885 MHz FDD 10 MHz 45 MHz 5, 10 MHz 7 2500 MHz – 2570 MHz 2620 MHz – 2690 MHz FDD 70 MHz 120 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz Additional 8 880 MHz – 915 MHz 925 MHz – 960 MHz FDD 35 MHz 45 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz LTE Rel. 10 Bands 9 1749.9 MHz – 1784.9 MHz 1844.9 MHz – 1879.9 MHz FDD 35 MHz 95 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 10 1710 MHz – 1770 MHz 2110 MHz – 2170 MHz FDD 60 MHz 400 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 11 1427.9 MHz – 1452.9 MHz 1475.9 MHz – 1495.9 MHz FDD 20 MHz 48 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 12 699 MHz – 716 MHz 729 MHz – 746 MHz FDD 17 MHz 30 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz 13 777 MHz – 787 MHz 746 MHz – 756 MHz FDD 10 MHz -31 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz FDD 14 788 MHz – 798 MHz 758 MHz – 768 MHz FDD 10 MHz -30 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz 17 704 MHz – 716 MHz 734 MHz – 746 MHz FDD 10 MHz -30 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz Freq 18 815 MHz – 830 MHz 860 MHz – 875 MHz FDD 15 MHz 45 MHz 5, 10 MHz separation 19 830 MHz – 845 MHz 875 MHz – 890 MHz FDD 15 MHz 45 MHz 5, 10, 15 MHz Width Width 20 832 MHz – 862 MHz 791 MHz – 821 MHz FDD 30 MHz -41 MHz 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 21 1447.9 MHz – 1462.9 MHz 1495.9 MHz – 1510.9 MHz FDD 15 MHz 48 MHz 5, 10, 15 MHz Gap 23 2000 MHz – 2020 MHz 2180 MHz – 2200 MHz FDD 20 MHz 180 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10 MHz 24 1626.5 MHz – 1660.5 MHz 1525 MHz – 1559 MHz FDD 15 MHz -101.5 MHz 5, 10 MHz f 25 1850 MHz – 1915 MHz 1930 MHz – 1995 MHz FDD 65 MHz 80 MHz 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 33 1900 MHz – 1920 MHz 1900 MHz – 1920 MHz TDD 20 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 34 2010 MHz – 2025 MHz 2010 MHz – 2025 MHz TDD 15 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15 MHz TDD 35 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz 1850 MHz – 1910 MHz TDD 60 MHz N/A 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 36 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz 1930 MHz – 1990 MHz TDD 60 MHz N/A 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz Width 37 1910 MHz – 1930 MHz 1910 MHz – 1930 MHz TDD 20 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 38 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz 2570 MHz – 2620 MHz TDD 50 MHz N/A 5, 10 MHz 39 1880 MHz – 1920 MHz 1880 MHz – 1920 MHz TDD 40 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz f 40 2300 MHz – 2400 MHz 2300 MHz – 2400 MHz TDD 100 MHz N/A 10, 15, 20 MHz 41 2496 MHz – 2690 MHz 2496 MHz – 2690 MHz TDD 194 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 42 3400 MHz – 3600 MHz 3400 MHz – 3600 MHz TDD 200 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz 43 3600 MHz – 3800 MHz 3600 MHz – 3800 MHz TDD 200 MHz N/A 5, 10, 15, 20 MHzCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  9. 9. LTE-Advanced Introduction Example LTE-Advanced Enabled Services Mobile services Home based serivces Localization based services Restaurant Today’s • HTDV menu • Traffic info • VoD • Advertising • Car-to-car communications • high speed internet • City info • VoD in the car • online gaming • Emergency • Real-time video uploading • IMS videotelephony ”Internet of things” Broadcast Services (machine to machine communications) Broadcast area Lack of milk Refrigerator Milk store Two bottles of milk please LTE-A features enabling services: • High throughput – 1Gbps • Sensor communications • HDTV Broadcast • Low latency – 5 ms • Medicine measurements • Standardized functionalities– SON, • Audio Broadcasting • House-hold communications MTC, LCS, MBMS • Multicast servicesCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com
  10. 10. LTE-AdvancedRelease 10 Network Enhancements
  11. 11. LTE-Advanced Rel. 10 Enhancements to Network OFDMA radio: Relay for S1, X2 interface OFDMA radio: Relay/backhaul link Access link Uu Un S1-U S5 RN DeNB SGW PGW Coverage RRC DL/UL Scheduling X2 Uu S11 eNB UP & CP RN Registration (3rd party internet) CSG access control Uu S1 S6a HeNB HeNB MME HSS GW S1-MME eNB for CSG OFDMA radio: S1 relay for UE related signalling X2 only between Access for members S1 termination for non UE related signalling HeNBs E-UTRA E-UTRAN EPCCopyright by IS-Wireless. All rights reserved. www.is-wireless.com

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