Access to WASH by womenStrategies and approaches Indira Khurana and Sweta Patnaik
Improved WASH for WomenThe knowledge that improved WASH for women impacts: • Health and safety • Education (reduced school absenteeism) • Dignity • Livelihoods and • Women – especially the excluded face violence and stress Has led to a women inclusive approach in programming
Focus on key result areas1. Transforming the lives of the Excluded and the Marginalized (E&M) by empowering them to access safe and sustainable WASH services as their right2. Support governments and service providers in developing their capacity to deliver safe and improved WASH as a right for the E&M3. Mainstreaming WASH in other development sectors.
Transforming lives of the E and M Leadership development: • Ensure 50% women members in VWSCs with 33% leadership roles. Work with SHGS and adolescent groups Awareness raising and capacity building:• Inform about govt programmes and responsibilities •Water quality testing completed and analyzed in front of women as they collect water and can discern the difference. •Water security plans made with the active participation of women with understanding on competing water demands and impact on drinking water. •Women SDC members in Hyderabad, AP, maintain logbooks for tanker service , inform and engage with GHMC.
Supporting Governments to deliver better Skill and knowledge o Training PRIs, especially women on water and sanitation and their role in decentralised water management o Trained care takers and mechanics at panchayat level- In Jharkhand, WAI is supporting the SWSM to roll out the JalSahiya programme- Women motivators trained on programmes gain greaterunderstanding of the role of local government and are finding theirspace in local governance structures – as sarpanches, Wardmembers- Policy level engagement at national level.
Supporting Governments to deliver betterEnabling Environment o Schools have WASH facilities supporting the special needs of girls o Education department functionaries are oriented and sensitised about the special needs of girls and lady teachers vis a vis WASH facilities in schools o Water and sanitation engineers are oriented on safer locations for water and sanitation facilities in schools and communities.
Mainstreaming WASH in other sectors Forging partnershipso Joint programming on tribal self governance where gender andWASH are cross cutting themes in 5 states of Indiao Joint programming on violence against dalit women , where rightto water and sanitation is a key area being addressed along withhealth and education Researcho Two discrete pieces of research conducted in India on the co-relation between (non) access to WASH in urban areas andviolence against womeno One ongoing research on co-relation between access to waterand sanitation and violence against dalit women (5 states)
Showing the way - Karanjikeda village, Sehore district in Madhya Pradesh - Geetabai, a dalit woman from a poor family, located in the fringes of the village built the first latrine - She is the model, the whole village followed
Entrepreneurship -Trained on a range of skills from soap to sanitary napkin making; from building latrines to repairing hand pumps and water quality testing, women are increasing earning. -This ensure the benefits of interventions sustain, while their income augments -This improves their status
Example 3: Claiming rights using RTI - Programmes educate people on their rights and service provider accountability - Using RTI the group gained knowledge of the various works and budgets, and are nowLalitha a migrant from Bihar living in the effectively monitoring Delhi’s resettlement colonies is a member of the WATSAN committee implementation
Empowerment and acceptanceFrom double exclusion to two-fold empowerment- Sirumbayi, from dalit community a 33 year old mother of threewas trained as a handpump caretaker. She is from a marginalisedsocial caste, forbidden to touch water- Stature improved after acquiring technical skills to carry outpump repair-Despite her caste status, she is invited by dominant castecommunities to repair their pumps – for payment-Slowly changing power equations
When the going gets tough, the tough get going - Kurumpanai a coastal village in TN. Waste accumulation engulfed the village in a permanent stench. Out fishing, men were indifferent - Margaret, along with other women, introduced community based solid waste management. Peace now prevails