A Success Story of Women-centric Arsenic Mitigation Strategy Abhijit Das Assistant Professor Department of Economics Kandi Raj College, Kandi Murhidabad National Conference,Gurgaon,Haryana 5-6, November, 2012 1
Groundwater Arsenic Contamination in the GMB Plain 2
Way Out ?There is no medicine for the permanentsolution of Arsenicosis.Only solution is the provision of Arsenicsafe water in the affected area. Many Technologies were installed butresponsibility of water management wasmen-centric. Reflection from the field shows that99% of the mitigation measures are indefunct condition after a life span of sixmonths.Launching ‘Swajaldhara’ in December,2002.Important features of SwajaldharaAtleast one third members of theVWSCs shall be women.Women should get preference in 4training for repair of hand pumps, etc.
Swajaldhara Water Supply Scheme: A Comparative ScenarioBlock: Raninagar-2 Block: HaringhataDistrict: Murshidabad District: NadiaFeature: Men-centric Water Feature: Women-centric WaterManagement System Management SystemPresent Status: Defunct Present Status: Running 5
Women Participation Leads to Successful & Sustainable Water Supply Project Women Member :17 Duty hours: 2hrs/Day (shifting duty) Salary:Rs.700/Month Water Tariff: 20 paisa/liter End users: 250-300HHs/Day Group Leader Average Income Range: Rs.800-1400/Day Electric Bill: Rs.470/Month (Average) Salary of the care taker & Accountant:Rs.1300/Month 6
Increase in the number of end-users Social Acceptability & Financial SustainabilityI) users’ satisfaction and health benefits,II) increase in the number of end-users,III) increase in water demand. Increase in water demandAt present the watercommittee has introduced asystem which is proven tobe financially sustainable.They have deposited morethan one lakh rupees in thelocal bank and through itsinterest a part of theoperational expenses is met. 7
Benefits from Women led Water Supply Project• Continuous Access of Arsenic SafeWater• Health Benefits• Women Empowerment• Fund Generation• Reinvestment Plan for New Set-Up• Social Welfare Activities• Creation of Social Infrastructures ALL LEADS TO RURAL DEVELOPMENTConclusion: Women Participation Plays an Important Role for aSustainable Water Supply Project.Recommendation: We Should Encourage Women Participationin Every Stage of Water Supply Project. 8