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Le renforcement musculaire chez l'enfant

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Le renforcement musculaire chez l'enfant

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Le renforcement musculaire chez l'enfant

  1. 1. Le renforcement musculaire chez les enfants: intérêts et risques Dr Guillaume LEVAVASSEUR - Institut Régional de Médecine du Sport
  2. 2. Introduction Formation précoce et intensive qui nécessite la prise en compte des paramètres physiques pour prévenir les blessures (50 services par matchs en moyenne) Fausses idées sur le renforcement musculaire ( retarde la croissance, entraîne lésions musculoligamentaires….) mais être vigilant Enfants suivant des entraînements de ligue Stades pubertaires et entraînement physique
  3. 3. Tennis et entraînement physique Tennis : – Vitesse-explosivité – Puissance – Coordination – Souplesse – Endurance – Récupération Rôle des entraîneurs: identifier profil de l’enfant et déterminer des objectifs physiques individualisés: – Évaluation du niveau de départ – Adapter contenu d’entraînement aux possibilités du joueur – Tenir compte de la croissance de l’enfant
  4. 4. 3 h tennis collectif 1 h physique 4h30 tennis collectif 1h tennis indiv. Pas de physique mais basket 3 h physique 3h tennis indiv. 3 h tennis collectif Au total reposRepos ou tournoidimanche 1h30 tennis collectif1h tennis indiv. + - match basket Tournoi ou 1h30 tennis indiv. samedi basket1h30 tennis indiv.vendredi 1h30 tennis collectifreposjeudi 1h30 tennis collectif1h30 tennis collectif basket 1h30 tennis indiv. 1h30 physique indiv. mercredi 1h30 tennis collectif1h30 collectifMardi 1h30 physiquebasket1h30 physique 1h tennis indiv. Lundi Jérémie 11 ans Club 305-6eme Felix 11 ans Départemental 301-6eme Jade 11 ans Niveau national 154-6eme
  5. 5. La période pubertaire (1) Transformation progressive de l’organisme au niveau morphologique, physiologique et psychologique Période de transition de 4 ans (11-14 ans chez filles et 13-16 ans chez garçons) entre l’enfance et l’âge adulte conduisant à la capacité de reproduction Développement des caractères sexuels secondaires et des gonades (TANNER en 5 stades de P1 à P5): – Pilosité pubienne et axillaire – Développement mammaire – Organes génitaux externes – Mue de la voix, pilosité face et tronc – menstruations
  6. 6. La période pubertaire (2) Pic de croissance plus précoce chez les filles (12ans/14ans) Gain de force plus rapide et plus fort chez le garçon mais plus tardive (testostérone et GH: hypertrophie fibres musculaires) Recherche d’identification, exigence d’autonomie Attention pendant les pics de croissance Entraînement physique différent entre garçon et fille de même âge
  7. 7. La période pubertaire (3) Période charnière et paradoxale: relative fragilité (pics de croissance) mais nécessité de travailler sur le physique pour progresser Intérêt du suivi médical+++ L’augmentation de la force pendant la pré adolescence est liée à l’amélioration de l’activité neuromusculaire et de la coordination motrice « muscle intelligent et fin ..… »
  8. 8. Pathologies rencontrées Cassure courbe de poids et de taille parfois définitive mais possibilités échappement si arrêt entraînement intensif (gymnastes) Ostéochondroses (Sever, Osgood Schlatter, Sinding Larsen) Tendinopathies épaule et conflit sous acromial Lésions musculoligamentaires et arrachement osseux Pathologie rachidienne Troubles du comportement alimentaire(anorexie, boulimie)
  9. 9. Adaptation de l’entraînement physique et du renforcement musculaire Entraîneur formé et compétent, suivi médical nécessaire Cycles de travail précis (technique-entraînement physique- récupération) , adapté au niveau de l’enfant et à son développement Privilégier la technique d’exécution des gestes de renforcement (prévention, prépare l’avenir) Pas de compétition entre les enfants Charges déterminées individuellement (selon âge:résistance naturelle au poids du corps <13 ans, charges légères 13-16 ans, Pas de travail excentrique, pas de charge maximale
  10. 10. L’entraînement physique selon l’âge (1) Renforcement musculaireEntraînement physiqueAge Gainage, pompes, élastique Utilisation de la résistance naturelle au poids du corps Médecine balles<1.5kgs 6-8 répétitions , 1à 3 séries Technique et proprioception (manche à balai) Technique et gestuelle tennis ++ Coordination ++ Vitesse ++ f 10-11 ans g 10-13 ans (10 ans: 2 h/sem) (13 ans : 4 h/sem) Gainage isométrique (abdos, lombaires) Technique tennis +++ Coordination Vitesse Souplesse Éducation f 7-9 ans g 7-9 ans (1h30/sem)
  11. 11. L’entraînement physique selon l’âge (2) Renforcement musculaireEntraînement physique Age Travail de la force, nécessaire pour progresser Appareils de musculation Endurance +++ Vitesse (-) Coordination (-) f 15-17 ans g 16-18 ans (Variable) Apprentissage technique d’exécution des mouvements de renforc musculaire ++ (travailler sur l’intensité) Travail individualisé selon développement de l’enfant par cycle , encadré Charges <10kgs (barre à vide); médecine balles 2 kgs 6-8 répétitions , 1à 3 séries Travail d’endurance++ Coordination (sports collectifs) Vitesse f 12-14 ans g 14-15 ans (12 ans :4h/sem) (15 ans: 7h/sem)
  12. 12. conclusion Épanouissement de l’enfant, projet commun Période charnière de la puberté Adaptation entraînement physique (âge, sexe, maturation) Renforcement musculaire à intégrer dans l’entraînement physique Double rôle du renforcement musculaire +++: – Amélioration de la puissance – Prévention blessures lié à la pratique du tennis en compétition

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