Imagining the Future - enabling technology            Feedback and Presentation Event      “Relevant Technologies –    Thi...
The List of Technologies Considered• Personal computing           • Healthcare devices  devices                      • Hea...
Personal Computing Devices                         © KD 2013
Health Informatics &         Information Storage• NHS data explosion is  happening as  governments make patient  data avai...
The Internet of Things
Social Networks
Telecommunications & Internet               8 •   Dial-up   7                       Average mobile •   ADSL      6       i...
Entertainment
The Future of Cash & Purchase• Cash is expensive for many  reasons:   –   Security   –   Accidental loss   –   Time needed...
Biometrics• Identifying the uniqueness of the  individual is needed for many  applications:   –   Entitlement to benefits ...
Healthcare Devices
Point of Care Testing• Other medically relevant parameters can be measured and  interfaced with telecare/health devices fo...
Preparing for Chemotherapy• White blood cells levels are reduced by chemotherapy, leaving the body’s  immune system weaken...
Health Information
FULL-SCREEN PICTURE                      © KD 2013
Improved Clinical Process Evidence100%80%                                                                         HbA1c60%...
Artificial Sensing & Enhancements
Domestic Appliances
Personal & Property Security
Personal Safety• Fire prevention – alarms and water mist• Falls prevention and detection• Going out and become lost
Electronic Exit Tagging                          © KD 2009
Non-GPS Location Technologies                           • As used by Project Lifesaver                           • Offers ...
GPS Devices to Find People•For people who carry a phone   •For people who wear a watch       For people who carry a key-ri...
© KD 2013
Transport and Transfers
Amplifying the Body’s Muscles                               • The ReWalk                               exoskeleton is for ...
Rehabilitation Potential           • Claire Lomas, a paraplegic woman             from Leicestershire in the UK, is makin ...
Stratification & Big Data Analytics
Worn Activity Monitors • PAMSys is a sensor that can be integrated    into clothing and has an extended battery    life of...
Monitoring Nutritional Input                                               • The Bite Counter is worn like                ...
Tracking Sleep                 © KD 2013
Data Fusion – Dashboard Approach                             © KD 2008
Medicines Management Dashboards                             © KD 2013
Power and Portable Supplies
Smart Houses and Cities
Technologies for a Smart Kitchen• Accelerometers:   –   Customised integrated platform   –   Wireless & logging versions  ...
Portable & deployable ambient      kitchen equipment                                © KD 2012
Activity Recognition                 Direct – using a                 single specific                 sensor              ...
Other Relevant Technologies?• Robotic devices?
Electronic Pets & Carers                           © KD 2013
New Robotic HelpersThe KIRO-M5, a compacttransportation robot that cancarry supplies, sterilize and    Japanese Ladybird t...
Toyota’s Human Support Robot           • Toyota has unveiled a new robot that was             designed to help bed ridden ...
Baxter - the Industrial Home Robot • Rethink Robotics sells Baxter, an industrial robot for $22,000 • By introducing a new...
Program Your Own Application• Cakmak, a researcher from Georgia Tech, spent the summer creating a  user-friendly system th...
State of the Art Robotics   Towel-folding robot Cody – personal cleaning robot                                  Careobot  ...
Other Relevant Technologies?• Robotic devices?• Any others?
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty
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Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty

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Imagining the Future -enabling technology Feedback and Presentation Event. Glasgow, Friday 8 March 2013.

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Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about - Kevin Doughty

  1. 1. Imagining the Future - enabling technology Feedback and Presentation Event “Relevant Technologies – Things that we know about” Kevin Doughty Co-Director, Centre for Usable Home Technologies University of York and Newcastle UniversityAlliance Hub, Venlaw Building, Bath Street, Glasgow Friday, 8th March, 2013
  2. 2. The List of Technologies Considered• Personal computing • Healthcare devices devices • Health information• Information generation and • Artificial Sensing and storage Enhancement Devices• The internet of things • Domestic appliances• Social networks • Personal and home security• Communication • Personal safety technologies • Transport & transfers• Entertainment (TV, radio, • Stratification and analytical infotainment) techniques• Money – physical cash or • Batteries and power stuff on a card • Houses and cities• Biometrics
  3. 3. Personal Computing Devices © KD 2013
  4. 4. Health Informatics & Information Storage• NHS data explosion is happening as governments make patient data available to clinicians and patients• There needs to be secure, individual, segregated access for each group.• Community care puts patient at centre of care - ICT services must handle remote solutions flexibly • All roads point to loud storage solutions © KD 2013
  5. 5. The Internet of Things
  6. 6. Social Networks
  7. 7. Telecommunications & Internet 8 • Dial-up 7 Average mobile • ADSL 6 internet speed (Mbit/s) • Cable 5 Average home • Fibre 4 download speed (Mbit/s) • GPRS 3 2 • 2G 1 • 3G 0 • 4G 1999 2004 2009 2014 © KD 2013
  8. 8. Entertainment
  9. 9. The Future of Cash & Purchase• Cash is expensive for many reasons: – Security – Accidental loss – Time needed to find change – Easy to counterfeit coins – Limited life (notes) – Lossy mechanism for currency exchange• % of transactions involving cash have reduced to ~ 20%• Cheques have all but disappeared• Virtual transactions are now possible using cards or NFC
  10. 10. Biometrics• Identifying the uniqueness of the individual is needed for many applications: – Entitlement to benefits – Border security – Linking to health/social work records – Data and financial security• Fingerprints are no longer considered to be good enough• Retinal scans are being used increasingly• Analysis of facial expressions, gestures and gait are also now relevant
  11. 11. Healthcare Devices
  12. 12. Point of Care Testing• Other medically relevant parameters can be measured and interfaced with telecare/health devices for remote collection• Blood, urine and saliva can be used to determine levels of cholesterol, glucose, lactate, coagulation, blood count, white cell concentration etc. © KD 2013
  13. 13. Preparing for Chemotherapy• White blood cells levels are reduced by chemotherapy, leaving the body’s immune system weakened• Subsequent cycles cannot be delivered until the neutrophil count is restored• If levels are measured daily at home, the dose can be optimised and delays in treatment avoided © KD 2013
  14. 14. Health Information
  15. 15. FULL-SCREEN PICTURE © KD 2013
  16. 16. Improved Clinical Process Evidence100%80% HbA1c60% Blood pressure40% Cholesterol20% Urinary 0% Microalbumin 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Source: Scottish Diabetes SurveyData recoded within the previous 15 months © KD 2013
  17. 17. Artificial Sensing & Enhancements
  18. 18. Domestic Appliances
  19. 19. Personal & Property Security
  20. 20. Personal Safety• Fire prevention – alarms and water mist• Falls prevention and detection• Going out and become lost
  21. 21. Electronic Exit Tagging © KD 2009
  22. 22. Non-GPS Location Technologies • As used by Project Lifesaver • Offers much longer battery life than GPS devices • But “tag” needs to be worn or carried • Technology is actually pretty old• Available to buy in the UK through Caretrak.• The basic mobile locator kit costs £500 but more sophisticated versions are also available. © KD 2013
  23. 23. GPS Devices to Find People•For people who carry a phone •For people who wear a watch For people who carry a key-ring or hand-bag © KD 2013
  24. 24. © KD 2013
  25. 25. Transport and Transfers
  26. 26. Amplifying the Body’s Muscles • The ReWalk exoskeleton is for people paralyzed in the legs. • It provides power & walking motion, but balance has to be maintained by using forearm crutches. • A harness around the waist and shoulders keeps the suit inRex is a robotic place, and aexoskeleton pair of legs for backpack holdswheelchair users enabling the computer andthem to stand up and walk rechargeable 3using a joystick and 1/2-hour battery.control pad © KD 2013 2011
  27. 27. Rehabilitation Potential • Claire Lomas, a paraplegic woman from Leicestershire in the UK, is makin medical history as the world’s first person to use an exoskeleton for daily living around her home. • She proved the capability of the ReWalk system from ARGO Medical by using it to walk a complete marathon and then lighting the Paralympic cauldron in Trafalgar Square. • Until now, the ReWalk was exclusively used in rehabilitation clinics with a therapist spotting the patient and providing constant step-by-step guidance. • Now Claire is able to use the device independently, even walking up and down stairs and around town. © KD 2013
  28. 28. Stratification & Big Data Analytics
  29. 29. Worn Activity Monitors • PAMSys is a sensor that can be integrated into clothing and has an extended battery life of more than 200 hours, that can detect posture, gait, the number of times the person rises, sits, steps taken and correlation between speed of getting up and time to get up• These readings will help caregivers evaluate whether an alert was for a real fall and help them avoid false alarms and measure the acceleration when some one gets up.• Similar products from Fitbit, Misfit and Amiigo are aimed at the same market © KD 2013
  30. 30. Monitoring Nutritional Input • The Bite Counter is worn like a watch and tracks how many mouthfuls the wearer takes to sound an alarm when they reach for one handful of chips too many. • Once activated, the Bite Counter works by tracking the wrist roll motion that people use when picking something up and putting it into their mouths.• The device automatically counts how many times this is done until the wearer finishes eating and turns the device off. © KD 2013
  31. 31. Tracking Sleep © KD 2013
  32. 32. Data Fusion – Dashboard Approach © KD 2008
  33. 33. Medicines Management Dashboards © KD 2013
  34. 34. Power and Portable Supplies
  35. 35. Smart Houses and Cities
  36. 36. Technologies for a Smart Kitchen• Accelerometers: – Customised integrated platform – Wireless & logging versions – Complete custom kitchenware set – >20 pieces: including pots & pans• Fiber optic-based surface sensor: – FiberBoard technology – Low-resolution camera – context aware chopping board – Track class and preparation of fresh food• RFID: – Location track packaged food – Find lost items © KD 2012
  37. 37. Portable & deployable ambient kitchen equipment © KD 2012
  38. 38. Activity Recognition Direct – using a single specific sensor Continuous – using machine learning and a sliding window procedure © KD 2012
  39. 39. Other Relevant Technologies?• Robotic devices?
  40. 40. Electronic Pets & Carers © KD 2013
  41. 41. New Robotic HelpersThe KIRO-M5, a compacttransportation robot that cancarry supplies, sterilize and Japanese Ladybird toiletdeodorize the air, and alert cleaning robot for publicnurses when the elderly patients restroomsneed their diapers changed. © KD 2013
  42. 42. Toyota’s Human Support Robot • Toyota has unveiled a new robot that was designed to help bed ridden patients do basic tasks around the house. • The Human Support Robot can pick up things from shelves or off the floor and bring them to the patient. • It can open and close curtains and can be programmed to perform other simple tasks. • An interesting part of the robot is the interface, which works either through voice commands or by the user controlling it through a tablet. • A tablet slot on the robot’s head allows it to function as a telepresence device, allowing informal carers to communicate with the robot’s owner over Skype or other services • It might still look too big and clunky, but it can perform the most important job for a patient stuck in bed at home, which is to bring over the TV remote. © KD 2013
  43. 43. Baxter - the Industrial Home Robot • Rethink Robotics sells Baxter, an industrial robot for $22,000 • By introducing a new software development kit, the robot can be adapted for new markets including the care of older people • Baxter has the strength and dexterity to perform many food preparation tasks and also to take the weight of an older person as they transfer from a chair or a bed © KD 2013
  44. 44. Program Your Own Application• Cakmak, a researcher from Georgia Tech, spent the summer creating a user-friendly system that teaches a robot simple tasks.• It doesnt require any traditional programming skills whatsoever – it works by physically guiding the robots arms while giving it verbal commands.• After inviting regular people to give it a try, she found that with few instructions they were able to teach the PR2 how to retrieve medicine from a cabinet and to fold a t-shirt or a towel.• Such tasks may be easy for us, but for a robot they are very difficult © KD 2013
  45. 45. State of the Art Robotics Towel-folding robot Cody – personal cleaning robot Careobot © KD 2013
  46. 46. Other Relevant Technologies?• Robotic devices?• Any others?

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