Harmonised HSE standards for the offshore wind power industry

640 views

Published on

If you are interested in learning more about this topic, find more information here http://bit.ly/hse-offshore

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
640
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Harmonised HSE standards for the offshore wind power industry

  1. 1. Harmonised HSE standards for the offshore wind power industryIntroductionThe offshore wind energy industry can still be considered a fledgling industry, andas such there is little experience to draw on in relation to health and safety. Thespecific environment that an offshore wind farm presents requires its own dedicatedhealth and safety standards. Furthermore the industry is set to grow substantially inthe coming decades, so the development of health and safety procedures will needto be an ongoing process to ensure that best practice is consistently carried out,and standards do not become quickly out-dated.Health and safety regulations impact on everyone involved in an offshore wind farmproject including developers, manufacturers, suppliers, consultants and employees.With so many contributors, from several different countries involved in any oneproject, a harmonised health and safety standard across the industry is widelyaccepted as a necessary step in the development of wind power as Europe’sprominent energy source.In the current climate, each country that has offshore wind farms within its watershas its own regulatory authority, which sets out its own regulations andrequirements. There is a desire amongst the executive bodies to communicate anddevelop an agreed standard throughout Europe, and several studies have beenundertaken to collate data in respect of offshore incidents and issues to aid thatprocess.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
  2. 2. Source: REPowerGeneral health and safety legislation and legal requirementsSome of the general health and safety laws which can be applied to the offshorewind power industry are detailed in this section, although none are specificallywritten for the industry (1). In practice, workers on offshore wind farms are morelikely to follow the regulations set out by the company by which they arecontracted.The Energy Act (LOV 1990-06-29 nr 50: Act on the generation, transmission,trading, distribution and use of energy etc). The act is applicable to electrical energyand its generation, transmission, trading and distribution on land to ensure that the------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
  3. 3. activities are undertaken in a socially efficient manner. Much of the act regards theapplications and issuing of licences for the development of electrical equipment. Inthis respect it may affect the offshore wind industry, although little pertains directlyto health and safety.The Ocean Energy Act (LOV 2010-06-04 nr 21: Act on renewable energy productionat sea) came into force in June 2010, and is applicable to the utilization ofrenewable energy at sea; including wind, waves and tides. It also regulates theconversion and transmission of electrical energy offshore. The main purpose of theact is to facilitate the use of these resources in line with social objectives, and toensure that any offshore installations are planned, constructed and disposed of inthe interests of the environment, energy, and business. One requirement is that theinstallation, the operation, and the decommissioning of offshore energy plantsshould be such that “a high level of health and safety” can be maintained anddeveloped in accordance with technological advances.IEC 88/379/NP: Standard for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines: The new proposalwas first issued in October 2010, since when the title has been changed from‘Standard’ to ‘Technical Specification’. While it is still only a draft, the proposalincludes guidelines for floating offshore wind turbines using design concepts such asspar buoys, tension leg platforms, barges, and mooring systems. The aim of thespecification is to “provide an appropriate level of protection against damage fromall hazards during the planned lifetime”. It defines in detail the “principles, technicalrequirements and assessment procedures for the design, installation, andmaintenance of floating offshore wind turbines”.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
  4. 4. Other legislation that could concern offshore wind power in relation to health andsafety would include the Employment Protection Act, and possibly the Pollution Act.Specific health and safety standards for offshore environmentsThe RenewableUK organisation, which was formerly known as the BWEA, hasdeveloped the Wind Turbine Safety Rules (WTSR) (2). These standards were initiallydeveloped by wind farm owners and operators with the intention of introducing aformal safety standard for the systems of work on operational wind farms. Althoughthese rules are not legally binding, RenewableUK works closely with the CrownEstate, with the Round 3 development of UK offshore in mind, and earlier this yearinvited tenders for the drafting of new guidelines covering ‘Offshore Wind andMarine health and Safety’.The WTSR are designed to provide industry good practice for safeguardingemployees from the dangers of installed electrical and mechanical equipment inwind turbines; to assist in the development and application of consistent safesystems of work; and to assist with a robust approach to the legal compliance withrelevant health and safety regulations.The WTSR have been in operation since 2005 and have been successfully used onover 100 wind farms across the UK and Ireland. They are intended to be used as areference by a competent person and implemented alongside their organisationsown health and safety management systems; taking into account the specific siteand turbine conditions, along with any other relevant circumstances.The safety rules are split into two sections as shown by the diagram below. TheHigh Voltage infrastructure is one section, the other being the wind turbine, theplant, and its associated low voltage infrastructure.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
  5. 5. The WTSR require AWP’s (Approved Written Procedures) to be in place for any typeof work deemed significant enough to warrant it. An AWP is similar to a methodstatement, and specifies how the work should be carried out and what precautionsand safety measures should be taken to protect the employee during the course ofthe work. It also contains sign off procedures to prove that these precautions weretaken, and the rules include guidelines as to what type of work should require anAWP. Want to learn more about health and safety standards for the offshore wind power industry? Visit our download centre for more articles, white papers and interviews: http://bit.ly/hse-offshore------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de
  6. 6. References (1) http://www.sintef.no/upload/Teknologi_og_samfunn/Sikkerhet%20og%20p% C3%A5litelighet/Final%20report%20HSE%20challenges%20offshore%20rene wable%20energy.pdf (2) http://www.bwea.com/safety/safety_rules.html (3) http://www.ens.dk/en-US/OilAndGas/Health_and_Safety/Sider/Forside.aspx (4) http://www.renewable-uk.com/events/health-safety-conference/pdf/2011- Presentations/Hansen.pdf------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- IQPC GmbH | Friedrichstr. 94 | D-10117 Berlin, Germany t: +49 (0) 30 2091 3330 | f: +49 (0) 30 2091 3263 | e: eq@iqpc.de | w: www.iqpc.de Visit IQPC for a portfolio of topic-related events, congresses, seminars and conferences: www.iqpc.de

×