Transnational Trade of Electricity


Published on

Mr. Harry Dhaul
Director General, IPPAI
at RPR 2012, 23-26 August, Goa, India

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transnational Trade of Electricity

  1. 1. The Regulators & Policymakers Retreat 2012 Transnational Trade of Electricity The Grand Hyatt, GoaHarry Dhaul 23-26 August 2012Director General, IPPAI
  2. 2. Nepal: An Overview  Nepal faces an electricity shortage of 900MW. Source: Reuters, 02 April 2012  Nepal has up to 20 hours of power cuts per day during the dry season, which is when most snow-fed rivers run at their Lowest Source: BBC News, 12 August 2012  Only 1% or 2% of that potential is being tapped and fulfilling only about one percent of the countrys energy needs Source: Kabarsouthasia, 13 January 2012 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  3. 3. India’s initiative: Indo – Nepal Connectivity  Nepal is connected to India by one 132 kV line, eleven 33 kV lines and one 11 kV line. Most of them have limited transfer capacity. Source: Worldbank, 2008  According to a July 2012 report, a 400 kV trans-border transmission line from Dhalkebar to Bhittamore will be completed by 2014. The transmission line will be used for importing and exporting up to 1,200 MW of electricity.  The 140 km transmission line is estimated to cost Rs 4.5 billion. Source: Cignepal, 09 July 2012 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  4. 4. Power Exchange: Indo-Nepal Nepal and India have signed an agreement to strengthen the bilateral power exchange agreement at a Power Exchange Committee (PEC) meeting held in New Delhi on December 2011. This would help Nepal to import 150 MW for 25 years from the Dhalkebar-Muzaffarpur 440 KV cross border transmission line. Source: Nepal News, 16 December 2011 Nepal has imported additional 40 MW of electricity from India by upgrading the infrastructure in both countries. Nepal has been importing about 130 MW electricity from India during the dry season. After adding 40 MW, the total electricity imported has gone up to 170 MW Source: Cignepal, 06 May 2012 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  5. 5. Bhutan: An OverviewBhutan usually faces power shortage during winter season. According to report in2010, the country was expected to face power shortage of 20 MW by end of 2010and early 2011. Source: Bhutan Observer, February 2010Power Shortfall in winter season due to shortage of water flow Source: Economic Times, 21 May 2012Bhutan import of power from India during lean season between October 2011 toMarch 2012 has been calculated as worth Nu 30 Million (Eqv. INR 30 lakh) Source: Economic Times, 21 May 2012According to 2010 report, Bhutan total winter generation is about 288 MW whereexpected demand is around 308 MW Source: Kuenselonline,5 November 2010 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  6. 6. Indo-Bhutan: Power Exchange  Bhutan’s export of power to India was estimated to be 6500 million units in 2010-11 and 5,586 million units in 2011-12.  Bhutan is likely to cut power exports to India in coming years even as it plans to import electricity during winter. India would be able import 5,480 million units in 2012-2013. Source: Indianexpress, 06 April 2012  According to DoE, Bhutan HEP Generation will be around 11,488 MW by 2020 and peak demand is expected to be around 1,500 MW. The remaining will be exported to India. Source: /, May 2012 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  7. 7. Bangladesh: An Overview  As of March 2012 report, The country faces a daily shortfall of up to 1,500 MW of electricity against the demand of more than 6,000 MW. Source: Reuters,06 March 2012  Bangladeshs urban areas, especially the industrial zones, face almost 10- 12 hours load shedding everyday while the situation in rural areas is even worse. Source: Weeklyblitz, 30 March 2012  The Bangladesh Government introduce quick rental Power plants ( QRPP) to resolve the existing power shortage. But as of August 2011, “Quick Rental” basis had failed gradually, thus cause a huge financial loss.,30March 2012  According to official report in March 2012, the country expected to increase its installed capacity up to 21,000 MW by 2012. Source: Reuters, 06 March 2012 Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  8. 8. India’s initiative: Bangladeshs Power Development Board and Indias NTPC had signed a deal to build a coal-fired plant which will produce 1300 megawatts of electricity. Source: BBC News ,29 January 2012  Bangladesh- India Cooperation formally initiated in November 2009 A draft MOU was formally signed on 11 January 2010 -Exchange of power -Grid connectivity between the two countries Connectivity Baharampur (India)-Bheramara (Bangladesh) 400 kV D/C line (Indian portion)-85km Loop-in and loop-out of Farakka -Jeerat 400 kV S/C line at Baharampur (India)-3km Establishment of 400 kV switching-station at Baharampur (India) Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  9. 9. Pakistan: Overview  Power cuts in Pakistan shaved 3-4 % off gross domestic product in the financial year 2010-11, with industry bearing the brunt - The Planning Commission of Pakistan  Electricity demand in Pakistan is projected to grow by 1,500 MW every year Source: The Express Tribune, 8 August 2012  Installed Capacity: 18,167 MW  Availability of Capacity: upto 14,021 MW  Demand: 19,000 MW+ Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  10. 10. The Rationale for transnational trade of electricity Balancing the Mismatch between energy resources available and energy demand  Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar  rich hydro potential  environment friendly power  low cost of power in the long run  India, Pakistan, Bangladesh  severely power deficit  high cost of power  Coal fired, polluting power Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  11. 11. India as an electricity hub for South Asia Electricity from Bhutan and Nepal can be injected into the Indian Grid and Similarly Power From India may be Traded to Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka and may act as Hub of Power Exchange for SEA Region Harry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI
  12. 12. Thank YouHarry Dhaul - Director General, IPPAI