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Pakistan wind-power- arif alauddin

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Pakistan wind-power- arif alauddin

  1. 1. Wind Power Development in Pakistan 29th February, 2012
  2. 2. HISTORIC SUPPLY AND DEMAND 2
  3. 3. E NE RGY SITUA TION IN PA KISTA N (FROM A DIFFE RE NT PE RSPE C TIVE ) Total Population: 180 Million Electricity Available to: 61% (70 Million without power) Natural Gas Available to: 21% (140 Million without piped gas) Diesel Imports 4.5 Million Tones (50%) Yet there is shortages of Gas and Electricity leading to load shedding.ENERGY DEMAND TO GROW FASTER: Pakistan has amongst the worlds highest and fastest rising urbanization. Under 15 population 39%, pointing to spurt rather than gradual increase in energy demand Higher Economic and population growth, with highest rate of UrbanisationAFFECTING AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY, COMMERCE Tubewells, Transport, Fish-farms, Industry and commerce effectedPOOR PAYING THE MOST Poor are paying 5-7 time more for their fuel costs than those in the cities, Increase in prices of modern commercial fuel, its lack of availability is forcing the consumer to step down on the energy ladder to biomass.
  4. 4. N eed ed Power C apacity 2007– 2030 (C ountrywid e) Annual Growth Percentage = 8% 120000 113695 100000 80000 80566 60000 54359WM 40000 36217 20000 24474 18883 0 2007 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Years Source of Growth Rate : PEPCO , P&D Div
  5. 5. Rental & SPP PEPCO KESC(Thermal) 2% (Thermal) 9% 24%IPPs(Thermal) 31% WAPDA (Hydel) Nuclear 32% Thermal (Oil and Gas) - 66% 2% Hydel & Nuclear - 34%
  6. 6. Why A lternative E nergy For Pakistan? Reduced dependence on Imported Oil: 2011 Oil Import Bill: $11+ Billion 60% of the total Export Earnings Energy Cost/Unit 2015 Oil Import Bill US $ 38 Billion (ADB Source Estimate) Waste-to- 5 -8 Cents 200% of the National Export Earnings Energy Renewable Energy Potential: Small Hydro 6 – 9 Cents  Wind*: 346,000 MW  Solar*: 2.9 Million MW Wind 14 Cents  Hydro : 58,000 MW  Bagasse : 2,000 MW Solar 20+ Cents  Waste to Energy: 2,000 MW  Geothermal 2500 MW RFO Expensive*  Off-Grid Application: 10,000 MW (Thermal)  Alternate Fuels Large TBD *dependant on fuel oil prices
  7. 7. Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) (Act 2010)
  8. 8. Wind Resource in Pakistan350,000 MWNational Potential50,000 MW in SindhSites in Baluchistan, Punjab andNorthern Areas being identified. or in d d id o in rr id o WW r Co aro C o ha r Gh rr G
  9. 9. WIND MEASURING SITES IN SIND
  10. 10. Wind Measuring Masts Gharo
  11. 11. Wind CorridorBHAMBORE JHAMPIR KHUTTIKUN
  12. 12. Area Where Wind Power ProjectsAre BeingExecuted(Jhimpir)
  13. 13. Land Allocation - Jhimpir
  14. 14. Creating Enabling EnvironmentCreated Enabling Environment: Feed-in-Tariff as well as Cost Plus tariff with Wind risk available Grid Code Amended for Wind Power Streamlined Land Issues by developing standardized documentation which included specific statement of conditions for Wind ProjectsCreated Lender / Investor Confidence ADB Counter Guarantee in place Regained Lenders Confidence – OPIC supporting 4, IFC, ADB and IDB 6 Projects. Lender Acceptable Standardized the Project Documents (PPA / IA / Wheeling) available Regional Environment Impact Analysis, approved by donors available to investorsReduced Lead Times And EPC Contract From Turbine Manufacturers All major turbine manufacturers now offering 4-6 months delivery and EPC contractEncouraged Local Manufacturing DESCON now producing Wind Masts for Nordix Machines. HIT negotiating Turbine Assembly.Expanding Wind Corridors New corridors identified. New wind masts installed Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab through UNDP asst.
  15. 15.  Resource Risk - responsibility of GoP Guaranteed Electricity Purchase Grid provision is the responsibility of the purchaser Attractive Tariff (17%-18% ROE) Attractive Feed-in Tariff (US Cents 14.66/kWh) Counter Guarantee by the ADB Special Incentives by the State bank for upto 20 MW plants Free Repatriation of Profits No Import Duties on Equipment Zero Sales Tax Net Metering Banking of Electricity Wheeling Provisions Grid Spill Over Concept introduced Carbon Credits Fast Track Projects Policy being implemented for COD by March 2013
  16. 16. 49.5 MW Wind Power Project of FFC Energy Limited under construction
  17. 17. 56.4 MW Wind Power Project of Zorlu Enerji under construction
  18. 18. Construction / civil works at 49.5 MW wind project of M/s Three GorgesPakistan
  19. 19. Progress Status of First 550 MW WPPs Expected Capacity Project Cost Financial Expected Name of Project (MW) (Million USD) Close Completion Cumulative Under1 Fauji Fertilizer 50 133.56 Construction 11-Jun 12-Sep 50 MW Under2 Zorlu Enerji Pak 56 143.60 Construction 12-Mar 12-Nov 106 MW Under3 Three Gorges 50 134.75 Construction 12-Jun 12-Nov 156 MW4 Foundation 1 50 128.69 -Awaiting Tariff 12-Mar 13-Mar 206 MW5 Foundation 2 50 128.70 -Awaiting Tariff 12-Mar 13-Mar 256 MW6 Lucky Energy 50 132.53 -Tariff Received- 12-Apr 13-Apr 306 MW7 Sapphire Power 50 128.87 -Awaiting Tariff- 12-Jun 13-Jun 356 MW8 Tenaga Generasi 50 129.67 -do- 12-Jun 13-Jun 406 MW9 Metro Power 50 132.56 -do- 12-May 13-May 456 MW10 Master Energy 50 133.68 -do- 12-Aug 13-Aug 506 MW11 Gul Ahmed 50 132.87 -do- 12-Jun 13-Jun 556 MW
  20. 20. List of Fast Track Wind Power ProjectsSr. No. Company Name Project Capacity 1. NBT Wind Power (Norway) 500 MW 2. Titan Energy Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd. 10 MW 3. Tapal Wind Energy (Pvt.) Ltd. 10 MW 4. Ismail Power Limited 10 MW 5. Fina Energy (Turkey) 250 MW 6. FFC Energy 100 MW 7. Japan Green Power (Japan) 50 MW 8. Associate Technologies 100 MW 9. Anadulo Wind Pakistan 50 MW 10. China Sunnec Energy (Pvt.) Ltd 50 MW 11 System Wind Energy (Turkey) 50 MW 12. Hydro China 300 MW 13. HZ Wind Power (CHINA) 100 MW 1582.4 MW
  21. 21. Pakistan: Investors Choice Destination Norway, Turkey, Iran, Germany USA, China and Japan  2012: 500 MW  2013: 800 MW  2014 +: 1000 ++ Next Focus: Indigenous Manufacturing Renewable Target 2020: 9700 MW Wind Sector is attracting the largest investment of any sectors in Pakistan
  22. 22. Come invest in the Pakistan Wind Sector • Wind Risk • Project Site Availability • Feed in Tariff • Standard Agreements • ADB Counter Guarantee • Free Repatriation • Extraordinary Returns • Special Incentives for local Manufacturer
  23. 23. Thank You
  24. 24. Thank You

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