Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared?
Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared ? (Master Class on Security) - VP Agrawal, Chairman-AAI Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared ? - VP Agrawal, Chairman-AAI
Indian Growth Story GDP- Growth Rate (%) India Contribution to12 World GDP • 2000 – 1.5%10 9.5 9.6 8.5 9.3 • 2011 – 2.8 % 8.4 8.2 8 7.5 6.8 6.9 • FY 2013 - Projected 5.8 6 growth rate of 7-8.5% 3.8 by different agencies 4 2 • 12th Plan Target Growth Rate: 9-9.5% 0 Revised : 8-8.5%
Growth ἀ Infrastructure Development Projected Investment Requirement in Infrastructure for 9% Growth ~ $ 1 Trillon from 2012-17 during 12th Five Year Plan High growth in Infrastructure sector with average investment of 9.3% of GDP will put tremendous pressure on Security of this sector . Though expenditure on security does not contribute to GDP but it is an integral and essential part of the CAPEX for safeguarding the infrastructure.
Indian Infrastructure- The Risk Factors Imminent need - Secure “Critical Infrastructure” which can be destroyed, incapacitated, exploited or made in-effective . Attack on “Critical Infrastructure” will be a “Force Multiplier” resulting in Chain Reaction of FAILURES
Risk to Indian Infrastructure - What Can Happen? a) Attack on Physical Infrastructure installations. Direct Terrorist Attacks Sleeper Cell Attacksb) Remote Cyber Attack through Virus attack akin to “Wiper” “Stuxnet” etc. Hacking of security systems Infiltration in operating systems
Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen?Infrastructure which arevulnerable to physical and cyberattacks; Electric Grids Water Supply installations Dams Nuclear Installations Offshore Exploration and Production installations
Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen? Infrastructure which are vulnerable to physical and cyber attacks; Cyber Networks Telecommunication Banking and Financial systems Civil Aviation Airports and Defense bases.
Risk to Indian Infrastructure- How It Can Happen? HIJACKING DECEMBER 24 , 1999 IC-814 - INDIA
Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen? TERRORIST ATTACK SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 TWIN TOWERS TRAGEDY - US
CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIM & PRIMARY OBJECTIVEAIM : To safeguard International civilAviation Operations against acts of unlawfulinterference.PRIMARY OBJECTIVE : Safety andsecurity of passengers, crew, groundpersonnel, general public, airports, aviationinstallations
CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY SET-UP IN INDIA BCAS - Regulatory Authority for civil aviation security in India responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of the National Civil Aviation Security. Security functions at all the airports in the country were performed by the police personnel till January 2000. In order to bring in uniformity and ensure effective control and supervision, airports security was entrusted to a single force CISF instead of different State Police forces. The dedicated CISF contingent earmarked for aviation security functions at airports in India has been notified as Aviation Security Group (ASG).
LEVEL OF THREATSBased on threat perception selected preventive securitymeasures are applied at the Airports.There can be three levels of threat conditions(a)Baseline: In the absence of verifiable intelligence information there may be the possibility of unlawful interference by individuals or groups due to causes such as civil unrest, labour disputes and the active presence of anti-government factions.(b)Intermediate: Intelligence information indicates probability of attack on aircraft operators and/or airports.(c)High: Intelligence information indicates specific aircraft operator and/ or airports are targeted for attack.
CATEGORIZATION OF AIRPORTSBased on threat perception at the airport alloperational airports in the country getcategorized as follows: Normal airport Sensitive airport Hyper sensitive airport
CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY IN INDIA A SEGMENTED RESPONSIBILITYLaw Enforcing Airline Security Airport operatorsAgency•Anti Hijacking •Anti Sabotage •Terminal Access•Access Control •Ladder Point •Access to Cargo,(landside/Airside) Security (Access Terminal Building•Search, Frisking, to aircraft) from Landisdechecking of baggage •Hold/cheeck-in •Perimeter•Terminal surveillance baggage Checking, Securityof SHA screening at Domestic Airports•Perimeter Security at •Hangar Security •Common UserAirports •Catering, Cargo, Facilities•Control of Proximity Courier, •Guarding of Airportto aircraft Consignment, Navigational Company Stores Facilities
DEVICES USED FOR RISK MITIGATIONDevices of a specialized nature are used in prevention or detection of act ofunlawful interference related to civil aviation.1) Weapon detection device HHMD DFMD2) Explosive detection device Dog squad Electron capture Mass spectrometry Gas chromatography Chemiluminescence Ion trap mass spectrometry3) Intrusion detection device Closed circuit television (CCTV) Infrared detector Proximity sensors Video motion detector4) X-ray baggage machine
ROLE OF AIRPORT MANAGEMENTProvision and maintenance of physicalsecurity measures: Barriers in restricted areas to prevent inadvertent access. Perimeter wall Gates/entry and Access points Security Lighting Isolated parking Bay Cooling pit for a possible disposal of a bomb or any explosive device by Bomb Detection and Disposal squad (BDDS).
ROLE OF AIRPORT MANAGEMENT Electronic detection devices for passengers, hand baggage, registered baggage, cargo screening etc. Security hold areas with seating arrangements and adequate amenities. Guarding of vital installations on and off the airport Issuance of Vehicle permits , Temporary pass/permit at airports
CONTINGENCY MEASURES FOR UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCETo deal with acts of unlawful interference with civilaviation the following Group/Committees has beenestablished: Cabinet Committee on Security Committee of Secretaries on Aircraft Hijack (COSAH) Central Committee (CC) Aerodrome Committee (AC)
Lets Strive for Secured, Safe and Sustainable Growth