Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared?


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Mr. VP Agrawal
Chairman, Airports Authority of India
at RPR 2012, 23-26 August, Goa, India

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Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared?

  1. 1. Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared ? (Master Class on Security) - VP Agrawal, Chairman-AAI Increasing Risk to Indian Infrastructure – Are We Prepared ? - VP Agrawal, Chairman-AAI
  2. 2. Indian Growth Story GDP- Growth Rate (%) India Contribution to12 World GDP • 2000 – 1.5%10 9.5 9.6 8.5 9.3 • 2011 – 2.8 % 8.4 8.2 8 7.5 6.8 6.9 • FY 2013 - Projected 5.8 6 growth rate of 7-8.5% 3.8 by different agencies 4 2 • 12th Plan Target Growth Rate: 9-9.5% 0 Revised : 8-8.5%
  3. 3. Growth ἀ Infrastructure Development Projected Investment Requirement in Infrastructure for 9% Growth ~ $ 1 Trillon from 2012-17 during 12th Five Year Plan High growth in Infrastructure sector with average investment of 9.3% of GDP will put tremendous pressure on Security of this sector . Though expenditure on security does not contribute to GDP but it is an integral and essential part of the CAPEX for safeguarding the infrastructure.
  4. 4. Indian Infrastructure- The Risk Factors Imminent need - Secure “Critical Infrastructure” which can be destroyed, incapacitated, exploited or made in-effective . Attack on “Critical Infrastructure” will be a “Force Multiplier” resulting in Chain Reaction of FAILURES
  5. 5. Risk to Indian Infrastructure - What Can Happen? a) Attack on Physical Infrastructure installations.  Direct Terrorist Attacks  Sleeper Cell Attacksb) Remote Cyber Attack through  Virus attack akin to “Wiper” “Stuxnet” etc.  Hacking of security systems  Infiltration in operating systems
  6. 6. Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen?Infrastructure which arevulnerable to physical and cyberattacks;  Electric Grids  Water Supply installations  Dams  Nuclear Installations  Offshore Exploration and Production installations
  7. 7. Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen? Infrastructure which are vulnerable to physical and cyber attacks;  Cyber Networks  Telecommunication  Banking and Financial systems  Civil Aviation Airports and Defense bases.
  8. 8. Risk to Indian Infrastructure- How It Can Happen? HIJACKING DECEMBER 24 , 1999 IC-814 - INDIA
  9. 9. Risk to Indian Infrastructure- Where It Can Happen? TERRORIST ATTACK SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 TWIN TOWERS TRAGEDY - US
  10. 10. Probable Risk to Airport Infrastructure in India Srinagar Leh Jammu Amritsar Chandigarh Itanagar Pakyong Lilabari DELHI Bagdogra Tezpur Guwahati Dibrugarh Jaipur Agra Lucknow 454 airports / airstrips Jodhpur Gwalior Varanasi Patna Jorhat Dimapur Udaipur (Operational and Non-Operational) Bhuj Ahmedabad Gaya Barapani Imphal Khajuraho AAI manages -125 Airports Ranchi Agartala Jamnagar Vadodra Jabalpur Indore Bhopal Silchar International -14 (3 CE) Gondia Raipur KOLKATA Lengpui Rajkot Bhubaneshwar Bhavnagar Aurangabad Nagpur Jamshedpur Cheithu Custom - 11 (3 CE) MUMBAI Pune Domestic – 80 Gulbarga Hyderabad Vizag Belgaum Other Civil Enclaves – 20 Goa Bellary Vijayawada Tirupati Mangalore Bangalore CHENNAI Port Blair Coimbatore Calicut Trichy Cochin Madurai Trivandrum
  11. 11. CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY AIM & PRIMARY OBJECTIVEAIM : To safeguard International civilAviation Operations against acts of unlawfulinterference.PRIMARY OBJECTIVE : Safety andsecurity of passengers, crew, groundpersonnel, general public, airports, aviationinstallations
  12. 12. CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY SET-UP IN INDIA BCAS - Regulatory Authority for civil aviation security in India responsible for the development, implementation and maintenance of the National Civil Aviation Security. Security functions at all the airports in the country were performed by the police personnel till January 2000. In order to bring in uniformity and ensure effective control and supervision, airports security was entrusted to a single force CISF instead of different State Police forces. The dedicated CISF contingent earmarked for aviation security functions at airports in India has been notified as Aviation Security Group (ASG).
  13. 13. LEVEL OF THREATSBased on threat perception selected preventive securitymeasures are applied at the Airports.There can be three levels of threat conditions(a)Baseline: In the absence of verifiable intelligence information there may be the possibility of unlawful interference by individuals or groups due to causes such as civil unrest, labour disputes and the active presence of anti-government factions.(b)Intermediate: Intelligence information indicates probability of attack on aircraft operators and/or airports.(c)High: Intelligence information indicates specific aircraft operator and/ or airports are targeted for attack.
  14. 14. CATEGORIZATION OF AIRPORTSBased on threat perception at the airport alloperational airports in the country getcategorized as follows:  Normal airport  Sensitive airport  Hyper sensitive airport
  15. 15. CIVIL AVIATION SECURITY IN INDIA A SEGMENTED RESPONSIBILITYLaw Enforcing Airline Security Airport operatorsAgency•Anti Hijacking •Anti Sabotage •Terminal Access•Access Control •Ladder Point •Access to Cargo,(landside/Airside) Security (Access Terminal Building•Search, Frisking, to aircraft) from Landisdechecking of baggage •Hold/cheeck-in •Perimeter•Terminal surveillance baggage Checking, Securityof SHA screening at Domestic Airports•Perimeter Security at •Hangar Security •Common UserAirports •Catering, Cargo, Facilities•Control of Proximity Courier, •Guarding of Airportto aircraft Consignment, Navigational Company Stores Facilities
  16. 16. DEVICES USED FOR RISK MITIGATIONDevices of a specialized nature are used in prevention or detection of act ofunlawful interference related to civil aviation.1) Weapon detection device  HHMD  DFMD2) Explosive detection device  Dog squad  Electron capture  Mass spectrometry  Gas chromatography  Chemiluminescence  Ion trap mass spectrometry3) Intrusion detection device  Closed circuit television (CCTV)  Infrared detector  Proximity sensors  Video motion detector4) X-ray baggage machine
  17. 17. ROLE OF AIRPORT MANAGEMENTProvision and maintenance of physicalsecurity measures: Barriers in restricted areas to prevent inadvertent access. Perimeter wall Gates/entry and Access points Security Lighting Isolated parking Bay Cooling pit for a possible disposal of a bomb or any explosive device by Bomb Detection and Disposal squad (BDDS).
  18. 18. ROLE OF AIRPORT MANAGEMENT Electronic detection devices for passengers, hand baggage, registered baggage, cargo screening etc. Security hold areas with seating arrangements and adequate amenities. Guarding of vital installations on and off the airport Issuance of Vehicle permits , Temporary pass/permit at airports
  19. 19. CONTINGENCY MEASURES FOR UNLAWFUL INTERFERENCETo deal with acts of unlawful interference with civilaviation the following Group/Committees has beenestablished:  Cabinet Committee on Security  Committee of Secretaries on Aircraft Hijack (COSAH)  Central Committee (CC)  Aerodrome Committee (AC)
  20. 20. Lets Strive for Secured, Safe and Sustainable Growth