A PRACTICAL TRAINING
WINDOWS SERVER 2008
Comp. Science & Engg
► Explain the function of a server in a network environment.
► Describe the editions of Windows Server 2008.
► Discuss core technologies.
► Explain the primary roles a Windows Server 2008 computer can
► Describe the new and enhanced features of Windows Server 2008.
THE ROLE OF A SERVER
► Hardware or Software? Server software is ambiguous; can run
on multiple different platforms (i.e. laptop)
► Windows Server 2008 roles short summary:
► File and Printer sharing
► Web server
► Routing and Remote Access Services (RRAS)
► Domain Name System (DNS)
► Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
► File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server
► Active Directory
► Distributed File System (DFS)
► Fax Server
WINDOWS SERVER 2008
► Windows Server 2008 Standard Edition
► Smaller organizations consisting of a few hundred users or
► Windows Server 2008 Enterprise Edition
► Larger companies with more needs.
► Windows Server 2008 Datacenter Edition
► Companies that run high powered servers with considerable
► Windows Web Server 2008
► Similar to Standard. User base varies from small businesses
to corporations with large departments.
WINDOWS 2008 STANDARD
► Up to 4 physical processors allowed.
► Available in 32-bit or 64-bit versions.
► 32-bit version supports up to 4 GB of RAM, 64-bit version up to 32
► Lacks more advanced features, such as clustering.
► 64-bit version can install one virtual instance of Server 2008
Standard Edition with Hyper-V.
WINDOWS SERVER 2008 ENTERPRISE
► All the features of Standard Edition.
► Up to 8 physical processors.
► 32-bit version supports 64 GB RAM; 64-bit version supports 2
► Can be clustered; up to 16 cluster nodes permitted.
► Hot-add memory.
► Four virtual instances per license with Hyper-V.
WINDOWS SERVER 2008 DATACENTER
► All the features of Enterprise Edition.
► Up to 32 physical processors in 32-bit version, 64 processors in 64-
► Extra fault tolerance features: hot-add and hot-replace memory or
► Can’t be purchased as individual license, only through volume
license or through OEMs (pre-installed).
► Unlimited number of virtual instances.
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS (ALL EDITIONS)
Processor Minimum: 1 GHz for x86 CPU or
1.4 GHz for x64 cpu
Recommended: 2 GHz or faster
Memory Minimum 512 MB RAM
Recommended: 2 GB RAM or
Available disk space Minimum: 10 GB
Recommended: 40 GB or more
Additional drives DVD-ROM
Display and peripherals Super VGA or higher
Keyboard and mouse
WINDOWS SERVER 2008 ROLES
► Server role is a major function or service that a server performs
► Role services add functions to main roles
► Server features provide functions that enhance or support an
installed role or add a stand-alone function
► A server can be configured for a single role or multiple roles
WINDOWS SERVER 2008 CORE
► New Technology File System
► Active Directory
► Microsoft Management Console
► Disk Management
► File and printer sharing
► Windows networking
► Internet Information Services
► Provides a single interface for installing, configuring, and removing
a variety of server roles and features on a server.
► Summarizes server status and configuration.
► Includes tools to diagnose problems, manage storage, and
perform general configuration tasks.
► Consolidates tools from Windows Server 2003.
► Provides a single point of administration of resources (Users,
groups, shared printers, etc.)
► Provides centralized authentication and authorization of users to
► Along with DNS, provides domain-naming services and
management for a Windows domain.
► Enables administrators to assign system policies, deploy software
to client computers, and assign permissions and rights to users of
ACTIVE DIRECTORY DOMAIN SERVICES
► Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) installs Active Directory
and turns Windows Server 2008 into a domain controller.
► Read Only Domain Controller (RODC)
► Provides the same authentication and authorization services as a
standard domain controller.
► Changes cannot be made on an RODC directly.
► Updated periodically by replication from standard domain controllers.
NEW ACTIVE DIRECTORY ROLES
► Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)
► Provides tighter integration for applications that require large amounts
of data retrieval. Does not require a domain controller or domain.
► Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS)
► Provides Single Sign-On for users of an organization to access internal
resources as well as external resources inside of a partner
► Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS)
► Helps the author of a document decide how a document can be used
or modified, and deny unauthorized users access.
► Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server role provides automatic
IP address assignment and configuration for client computers.
► Can provide default gateway address, DNS server addresses, WINS
server addresses, and other options.
► Windows Server 2008’s DHCP server role provides support for IPv6.
► DNS Server resolves the names of Internet computers and
computers that are members of a Windows Domain to their
assigned IP addresses.
► When installing Active Directory, you can specify an existing DNS
server or install DNS on the same server as Active Directory
WINDOWS WEB SERVER 2008
► Designed to run Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.0.
► Hardware support similar to Standard Edition.
► Lacks many of the features present in other editions.
► Typically used when roles such as Active Directory or Terminal
Services are not required.
INTERNET INFORMATION SERVICES
► Windows Server 2008 provides IIS 7.0
► Modular design
► Unused features aren’t available for attackers to exploit
► Functionality is easily added via modular design
► Delegated administration; can assign control over some aspects of the
website to developers and content owners
► Appcmd.exe provides the ability to manage IIS via scripts and batch
► Provides high-performance integrated environment for managing,
deploying, and running client/server business applications.
► Applications for this role usually built with one or more of the
following technologies: IIS, ASP.NET, Microsoft .NET Framework,
COM+, and Message Queuing.
► Provides tools to managed shared fax resources and allow users
to send and receive faxes
► After the role is installed, you can
► Manage users who have access to fax resources
► Configure fax devices
► Create rules for routing incoming and outgoing faxes
► Monitor and log use of fax resources
► Enables administrators to manage access to network printers
► Installs Print Server by default
► Internet Printing role service enables Web-based management of
► Line Printer Daemon (LPD) role service provides compatibility with
WINDOWS DEPLOYMENT SERVICES
► Simplifies the installation of Windows over a network.
► Can install and remotely configure Windows Vista and Server 2008
► WDS is an improved version of Remote Installation Services (RIS)
found in Windows Server 2000 and 2003.
► Updates Remote Installation Services.
► Allows unattended installation of Windows Oss.
► WDS can multicast deployment of disk images, reducing network
► Includes tools to customize the Windows OS for deployment.
NEW FEATURES IN WINDOWS SERVER 2008
► Server Manager
► Server Core
► Hyper-V virtualization
► Storage management enhancements
► Networking enhancements
► Network Access Protection
► Windows Deployment Services
► New Active Directory roles
► Terminal Services enhancements
NETWORK ACCESS PROTECTION
► Ensures computers are equipped with required security features.
► Enables monitoring of anti-virus software and firewall settings.
► If a computer does not meet all requirements defined by an
administrator, it can be restricted automatically from accessing
certain network resources.
► Can force computers to update themselves.
► A server is defined more by the software installed on
hardware as opposed to the hardware in use. In many
cases, a client OS can behave as a server.
► Windows Server 2008 is available in four editions:
Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter, and Windows Web
► Core technologies in Windows Server 2008 include
NTFS, Active Directory, MMC, disk management, file
and printer sharing, networking components, and IIS
► Windows Server 2008 updates previously available
services with additional functionality, while adding
several new services.