Ideas for a better place: Alessandro Plaisant Mario Marcello Verona e-participation tools SUPPORTING decision making process at the local levelDepartment of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Architecture - University of Cagliari 10-12 May 2012
Increasing number of administrations tries to promoteinteraction processes at all levels of governmentWork in progress on a series of methods and tools toencourage participation and pursuing consensus – identifyconsistent policy choices for PATask:- test the usefulness and opportunities coming from a mixof e-participation and “proactive” decision support tools and- propose an interactive and participatory policy-makingprocess.
New paradigm of participation: from Crowdsourcing to Open GovFrom mass media of passive use, internet has become a place ofproduction of content: people focuses on interaction and active productionof content, including co-production (Shirky, 2008)The so-called crowd-sourcing: participation of crowds to theachievement of common goals through internet.Within this paradigm:The model of Open Gov introduced by Obama (2009) in US.Dual pupose to use internet:1. To allow transparency (access – analyse – monitor data relating to the work of PA);2. To foster participation in public lifeActivate the “collective intelligence” capable of identifying problems andsolutions in complex choices
a number of e-participation tools (for our purpose 2 families)1. Tools involved on the conventional aspects of a PA- Fixmystreet (MySociety, UK);2. Tools acting on the strategic processes, on the stage of PM- Ideastorm, UserVoice, Ideascale (ideas platforms);- Change by Us NYC – who is listening?- Comment Neelie (consultative instrument for co-drafting and suggesting changes)
The case study of "Ideario per Cagliari”Starting point:the successful experience of the “ideario per Cagliari”, a crowd-sourcing tool that collected more than 500 ideas in few months for thestrategic development of the city of CagliariPremise:In Spring 2011 Italian Majoral elections showed an unusual massparticipation.Citizens of Naples, Milan and Cagliari chose candidates representingdiscontinuities.“Ideario per Cagliari” was born in the aftermath of the election of MassimoZedda as the new Major of the city and the very strong participation ofcitizens that followed.
http://oratoccaanoi.ideascale.com (“Now it’s up to us”)
June 2011 IDEAS REGISTERED FB COMMENTS USERS “likes” / VOTES36 hours 50 150 320 later1° month 400 1.000 (8% pop) today 575 1.200 > 1.500 > 3.000 13.000 Enormous amount of ill-defined info, ideas, suggestionsHow do we represent knowledge?
DS tool for representing and analyse knowledge and highlighting key issues:cognitive mapping and Decision Explorer - Sustainable mobility and publictransport
ConclusionsE-participation is extremely useful since it provides anadministration with a simple, immediate and free use of a poolof ideas and proposals previously unimaginableOn the other hand, a tool for the structuration of the strategicprocess in basic elements, goals and actions, is potentially usefulfor better organizational planning: representation of ideas,clustering in strategic options, and generation of sets ofrequirements on specific themesThey may act as input for further discussion (focus group) andsuccessful implementation of community developmentprojectsThe outcome of the process can be translated into acts andformal agreements, involving institutions and citizens.