Poverty is one of the main issues, attracting the attention of sociologists and economists. It indicates a condition in which a person fails to maintain a living standard adequate for a comfortable lifestyle.Though India boasts of a high economic growth, it is shameful that there is still large scale poverty in India. Poverty in India can be defined as a situation when a certain section of people are unable to fulfill their basic needs. India has the world's largest number of poor people living in a single country. Out of its total population of more than 1 billion, 350 to 400 million people are living below the poverty line. Nearly 75% of the poor people are in rural areas, most of them are daily wagers, landless laborers and self employed house holders. There are a number of reasons for poverty in India. Poverty in India can be classified into two categories namely rural poverty and urban poverty.<br />Poverty in India: Current Situation<br />
Caste system.</li></ul>Some of the basic reasons of rural poverty in India are:<br />
<ul><li>Presence of malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases and long term health problems.
Unhygienic living conditions, lack of proper housing, high infant mortality rate, injustice to women and social ill-treatment of certain sections of society.</li></ul>Problems Of Rural Poverty:<br />
The government of India has been trying its best to remove poverty. Some of the measures which the government has taken to remove rural poverty are:<br /><ul><li>Small farmer’s development Programme.
Now you would have understood, why some people are so poor in India. Why we see beggars and paupers in the city. Its time to think about ways to remove poverty in India. We have given considerable thought to this point and found Ten ways to remove poverty in India.<br />How can we as an individual, reduce poverty:<br />
<ul><li>Help Feed Poor people – Whenever you see someone poor, hungry or begging, try to give something to eat to that person. If he is a professional beggar, then he will not take food. But most of the time he is a poor person who would get some energy, vitamins, protein by eating food. Try offering a glass of milk to a rickshaw puller.
Donate medicines – If you see some sick poor person, do not shy away from buying some medicines for him. If you come across a poor person, talk to him and try to find if someone is sick in his household. Do you know there are many times some people sick in the household of a poor person that they spend all their earning on their sickness. If you step in and offer to buy a few medicines for that sick person, the poor family can sail through that hardship easily. Next time you come across your servants, maid, driver etc ask if they have someone sick in the family.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Provide Education – You will agree with me that education bridge the gap between a poor and rick person. Whenever you see some child working on a shop, ask him if he would like to study. Ask him what is his daily earning. Talk to his boss, if he can attend a part time or evening school. Believe me if only one person in a poor family acquires education, he can bring the whole family out of poverty.
Employ poor – Whenever you are hiring someone for a job, try to find his financial background. If two persons are similar in merit, then try to hire the financially poorer one. I am not saying that we need to discriminate against rich people. Rather we have to give first chance to a poorer person. If one poor person gets a job, he can feed a family and establish a prosperous household.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Give small loans – Often poor people get into some business and find it hard to raise loan. At times there are small sums as little as Rs. 2000 that can lead to the failure of their business. At this point they do not get loan as they do not have any collateral. There are many organizations like-Kiva.org where you can find such people who are looking for small loans. Believe me they are more genuine than the big sharks like- Satyam Chief, Harshad Mehta, Telgi like people who have usurped our hard earned money. So try to give small loans to poor people through micro finance schemes.
Visit Villages & Remote Areas – Next time when you plan your summer or winter vacation, try to visit some village near to the hill station or beach where you are staying. Just for getting some insight take a small walk to a village and talk with local people. Ask about their local conditions, weather, school, job, agriculture etc. You will get a good information about their living conditions. And then, you can take a conscious decision to help them.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Buy from Unorganized Sector – Today we all are running towards brand names, showrooms and malls. Whenever we buy things from organized sector like established brands, showrooms, malls etc the money flows towards the people who are getting richer. Often money also goes out of India to the countries like China that are exporting these things to us. Well, I am not against this flow of money. But give it a thought, if you are buying 10 things, buy at least 1-2 things from unorganized sector also. Do not look at the unorganized sector as local things. Give them a chance.
Talk to Poor People – Well, you are rich or at least richer than a poorer person. In my experience, most of the rich persons are also more educated than a poor person. Education is one of the important factor that distinguishes you from a poor person. Now, if you really want to help reduce poverty, try devoting some time to impart education to poor people. If you are too busy to give a formal education to a poor person, just devote a few minutes telling them about important things in day to day life that you know. Like- while riding a rickshaw, try to talk to the rickshaw puller. Tell him about new govt policies or schemes that are there for every one. Tell him about RTI. You may think that RTI is irrelevant to rickshaw puller. Well there are so many things you have read in your school about Africa and South America that may look irrelevant to yor life now. But this is called education. You are trying broaden the outlook of a person. You are increasing his scope of thinking. I mean there are many things that look unimportant but can add value to a person’s experience.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Share with Poor people – If you believe in God, you would be thankful to him for giving you such a wonderful life free from poverty. But being thankful is not enough. Every religion teaches to share things with others. Well this good deed becomes multiple times if we share our happiness and prosperity with those who are less fortunate than us. If you share a box of sweet with your colleague, it may be normal thing with him. But if you share a box of sweet with poor person it would be great source of happiness to him.
Volunteer Some Time – If you are not too busy in your life, devote some time towards volunteering for raising the standard of poor people. You can associate with some organization, or you can just start giving some lessons to a poor kid around you. You can devote some time towards hospitals for poor. You can volunteer towards mess for poor people. You can go and teach in the school of poor children.</li></li></ul><li>Against poverty<br />
Conclusion:<br />But these processes can be helpful only if the policies go to those people for whom it is meant. The clash between the central government and the state government often results in the lack of implementation of these policies. So it is very important that the governments do not play power politics when it comes to a serious issue such as poverty.<br />