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Network Storage: State of the Industry

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Network Storage: State of the Industry

  1. 1. Network Storage: State of the Industry Anil Vasudeva President & Chief Analyst IMEX Research.com (408) 268-0800 vasudeva@imexresearch.com©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  2. 2. • Markets Drivers / Industry Dynamics • Market Forecast • Emerging Technologies Roadmap • Basis of Competition • Supplier Strategies • Futures Opportunities©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  3. 3. WW Storage Systems Market WW Storage Systems Market EU Customer Rev $M $30,000 $25,000 EU Customer Rev $M $20,000 SAN $15,000 $10,000 NAS $5,000 DAS $- 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  4. 4. HA Secure End-to-End Internet xSP IntrDet Enterprise VPN IntrDet WebServices App.Servers DBServers IntrDetSupplier/Partner ISP IntrDet ISP Internet ISP Core Edge Optical Networking ISP Access ISP ISP Remote Office IntrDet IntrDet Cable Modem 56K DSL MP3 VOD Cellular Wireless Home Networks ©2000-2003 IMEX Research©1997-2002 IMEX Research. All Rights reserved. IME
  5. 5. End to End Internet HA, Secure Data Center FC SAN IP SAN NAS NAS IP Storage Network Web App Internet Web DB Edge Core Web App Optical Web DB Web App Web Web DB App Web Edge Applications Data Center Directory Security Policy Management Software OS Platform©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  6. 6. Market Segments by Applications (RAID - 1, 5, 6) (RAID - 0, 3) Transaction 10 K Processing Intranet • System Files • OLTP - Banking • Electronic Data - Retail Commerce 1K - Securities • Data Bases Warehousing - Airlines ... Visual DBIOPs • OLAP • Data Warehousing • Object RDBMS(latency) Internets • Data Mining • Visual Data Marts • Email 100 • Hits/day Scientific Computing • Numeric Intensive Computing • Statistical Imaging Modeling • Chemicals/ • Medical Imaging • PrePress Video 10 Fluid Dynamic • CAD/CAM • Scientific Visualization Simulations • Geo InfoSystems • Film/Video • Geophysical mapping • Video Editing • Oil/Gas Exploration • Animation • Satellite Telemetry... • VOD 1 1 5 10 50 100 500 *IOs per sesond for a required response time ( ms) MB/sec ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  7. 7. The iSCSI SAN ClientWorkstations Client requests data from App Server LAN Ethernet Header IP TCP DATA CRC Ethernet SwitchesApplication & DB Servers (iSCSI Initiator) iSCSI-equipped App Server (“initiator”) requests data from an iSCSI storage (“target”) SAN Ethernet CRC IP TCP iSCSI SCSI DATA GigE Header SwitchesStorage Arrays (iSCSI Target) To Other LANs, Servers or IP SANs ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  8. 8. Future Intelligent IP Infrastructure Present Data Center Infrastructue Future Infrastructue Clients LAN Ntwk Mgmt WSApplication & Intelligent DB Servers Uniform IP-based Infrastructure Mgmt SAN Storage WS Mgmt WS Storage Sub Systems ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  9. 9. Transporting Application Data DAS SAN iSCSI NASComputer System Computer System Computer System Computer Computer Application Application Application System Application System Application OS DB OS DB OS DB FS Syst FS Syst FS Syst OS FS OS FS Raw Raw Raw I/O Redirector I/O Redirector LVM Partition LVM Partition LVM Partition NFS / CIFS NFS / CIFS iSCSI Layer SCSI Device iSCSI Layer TCP/IP Stack TCP/IP Stack FC HBA Driver FC HBA NIC NIC NIC SCSI Bus Adapter FILE I/O Block I/O IP Network SCSI HBA NAS NAS Gateway SAN IP Network Appliance NIC NIC TCP/IP Stack TCP/IP Stack File System + LVM File System + LVM Device Driver Device Driver iSCSI Appliance Block I/O NIC FC HBA SAN TCP/IP Stack iSCSI Layer I/O Bus Adapter ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  10. 10. iSCSI SAN market to reach 1.7B by 2006 WW SAN Revenues by Technology End User Customer Revenues $M IB iSCSI Fibre Channel 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  11. 11. WW FC SAN Components -Market Shares Market- Fibre Channel SAN Components 2000 Inter- Others phase 1% 3% Em ulexCom paq 35% 7% QL ogi c 7% Sun HBA Switch 7% Ga dz oox $545M $469M 2% Vi x e l Br oc a de 3% 88% Agilent 10% QLogic JNI 17% 20% Director Hubs Router $186M $51M $47M InRange 9% Ga dz oo x 53% Vi x e l Ot he r s C r ossr o a d s 34% 28% 72% McDATA Em ul e x S t o r a ge Te k 91% 4% 9%©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  12. 12. Storage Network Infrastructure Storage Network Infrastructure Dire ctor 15% Switch Route r 43% 3% Hub HBA 1% 38%©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  13. 13. IP Storage Protocol Stacks©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  14. 14. TCP/IP Offloading Data Application Entire stack Upper Layers needs attention TCP/IP (or Offload I/F)Challenge is to move data OS from application to the CPU network and back with Memory minimum latency Chipset I/O interconnect Network Interface (w or w/o TOE) Data©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  15. 15. SAN Market Segmentation Environment Servers Storage ASP - $1K to $25K FC SANs Performance Perf. - 50K+ tpm iSCSI HW SANs Scalability r- Features n te e E is Cost ASP - $1K to $25K pr iSCSI HW SANs Perf. - 15K-50K tpm t ASP - $10K to $100K m en iSCSI SW SAN Perf. – 5-15K+ tpm p art Mid NAS De ASP - $1K to $25K up iSCSI SW SAN ro Entry NASPerf. – 1-5K+ tpm rkg Wo / PATA, SATA ffi ce l l O ffice ma e O S m Ho ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  16. 16. iSCSI Server Options iSCSI HBA • Enterprise Performance • Wire Speed IP Security • Management e c & an NIC with TOE & Pe Cost rm iSCSI SW Driver rfo • Increased Performance NIC & iSCSI SW Driver • Entry Level • Low Cost Market Size©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  17. 17. iSCSI Market 2002-06 iSCSI Ports Units Forecast iSCSI Ports ASP Forecast 3,000 2,000 2,500 1,750 iSCSI Other 10 Gbit iSCSI HBA 1,500 Ports 2,000 A S p /P o rt $ 1,250 1, 5 0 0 1,000 750 1, 0 0 0 1Gbit iSCSI HBA 500 iSCSI HBA 500 Ports 250 Other iSCSI Initiator 0 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  18. 18. TCP + iSCSI Offload Engines Typical 1GbE NIC File System File System Host File System SW Volume Manager Volume Manager Volume Manager SCSI Device Driver SCSI Device Driver SCSI Device Driver iSCSI iSCSI iSCSI Adapter TCP TCP TCP IP IP IP Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Host CPU HBA Firmware HBA Hardware©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  19. 19. TOE/iSCSI x4 PCI-E PCI-Express Memory iSCSI TOE Implementation Targeted Performance Host Mgmt Host Interface Engine Interface SAN 180– 190 MB Mgmt Mgmt FIFO FIFO RAM RAM LAN >2 GHz GbE MAC GbE MAC SerDes PHY PHY SerDes©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  20. 20. IP SAN Management Host Services Integration Storage ProvisioningFile system monitoring Storage provisioning Win, LINUX, Solaris Layer IP SAN Management Management Management of MultiPath IO Supp Security IP SAN Console iSCSI HBAs and Failover (iSNS, CHAP, SRP) Management Layer Virtualization Mirroring Snapshot Fail-Over iSCSI Target Management Appliance LVM, Error Handling, SCSI Daemon, API Interoperability Service Layer HW Acceleration: TOE, iSCSI Offload, IPsec©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  21. 21. Industry roadmap LAN/SAN ’02-’05 Offloaded Offloaded • Initiator only • Initiator & target ConvergenceSAN • TCP/IP on NIC • TCP/IP in Si • iSCSI in host • Dual function • iSCSI on NIC Integration • Single port and function • Initiator & target • Shares host memory • Fault Tolerance • Offloaded TCP/IP • Supports 1GbE & 10 GbE • Load Balancing • Offloaded iSCSI • Offloaded TCP/IP & iSCSI • Dual port • Initiator & target Host • Fault tolerance Offloaded • Load balancing • LAN on Blades Solution • Uses CPU cycles • TCP/IP in Si • SAN on Blades Solution • Motherboard optionLAN • Stateless Offloads • Single port and function • External memory • Windows & Linux ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  22. 22. 10Gb Embedded TOE Evolution CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU TOE MC MC MC MC MC MC MC DMA DMAPCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp I/O Uses I/O Uses I/O 1GbE Bridge Bridge Syst Bridge Syst 10 GbE Mmry Mmry 1GbE TOE GbE TOE 1GbE GbE 1GbE PCI-X Ext TOE Mmry PCI PCI-X TOE PCI PCI-X with 10GbE 2GbE Ext.Mmry2x1Gb TOE NIC TOE chipset 10 Gb TOE NIC Embedded 2003 2004 2005 2006 onwards ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  23. 23. TOE solutions to be state machines Host interface PCI 64/66 PCI-Express x4 PCI-Express x8 PCI-Express x4 PCI-X 1.0 PCI-X 2.0 Packet memory External on NIC External on NIC Host memory, Host memory External on NIC RDMA No HW support Microengine Microengine + Microengine + assists state machine State machine iSCSI No HW support assists St. machine St. machine DDP/MPA No HW support St. machine St. machine St. machine MAC/PHY 1 MAC, PHY Dual MACs, PHY Single MAC + Dual MACs, PHY external integrated Serdes, external integrated optics Context memory External on NIC Internal cache Internal cache Internal cache, > than Cranbrook Security (IPSEC) Prototype support External ASIC External ASIC External ASIC for SSL #of connections 1k 8k 8k 8k+ Management PXE PXE, ASF2.0 PXE, ASF 2.0 PXE, ASF2.0©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  24. 24. Software Architecture – Functions Applications Sockets API RDMA API I/O LibrariesUserKernel Kernel-Mode Applications OS Socket Driver Offload Switch File Systems OS Network SCSI Driver IP Transport RDMA API Stack Driver RDMA iSCSI 1.0 Offload Raw Packet Driver Driver Driver Bus Driver Base Hardware Driver OS Cmpn HW Channel Interface RDMA HW Drivers DDP MPA iSCSI 1.0 uCode w UDP TCP HW Assist IP Dual MAC HW IPSec PHY 1 PHY 2©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  25. 25. Emerging IP Based Infrastructure Servers Storage IP Networks Infrastructure Telecom Virtualization Provisioning Automation©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  26. 26. TOE solution… • TCP/IP offload reduces overheads assoc. with – Protocol processing – Data touching & manipulation – Operating system related • TOE based stack still requires – Large high-speed NIC memory for TCP/IP buffers – Mechanism to directly place data into app. buffers – OS support & efficient TOE I/F, …©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  27. 27. TCP/IP Offload & Mgmt• TCP/IP Offload using TOE: – 8K TCP connections Supp – RDMA Supp – Full Data path offload: – Soft session setup/teardown – Memory pool for outstanding SCSI commands – Connection & Session-level error recovery• IPv4 & IPv6 support: – Checksum and segmentation offload – Large send capability• Operating Systems: – Drivers for Windows 2k, Linux• Management: – Build on Ophir’s management – ASF 2.0 support – WfM support – IPMI support – VLAN Tagging ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  28. 28. NIC & iSCSI• Dual independent 1GbE ports: – PCI-Ex Copper, Fiber, PCI-X Copper, Fiber PCI- PCI- – PCI-Express or PCI-X Interface PCI- PCI-• Performance, sustained throughput: – SAN: 180 – 190 MB/sec – LAN: 1.9 Gbps Full Duplex – Simultaneous support of LAN and SAN traffic• Low CPU Utilization (<10% on 2Ghz P4)• iSCSI offloaded solution usingTOE – Support for Windows, Linux – iSCSI Initiator and target modes Support – Full data path offload, Flexible TOE control path – Soft TCP session setup/teardown, Soft error handling and reporting – Full iSCSI error detection and handling • Connection and session levels, SCSI errors – iSCSI CRC support – Remote iSCSI boot ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  29. 29. iSCSI Packet Flow: Initiator to Target©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  30. 30. FC SAN Market Shares Crossroads qLogic Agilent 2% Em ulex 12% HP/CPQ 5% 15% 2% JNI Gadzoox 5% 2% Inrange 2% McData Sun 17% 1% Vixel 1% Antares Brocade 1% Other 34% 1%©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  31. 31. 4-Tiered Computing in Data Center Internet Edge Core Edge Optical Users Tier-0 Tier-1 Tier-2 Tier-3Source : Sun Microsystems ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  32. 32. End to End Internet SAN SAN NAS NAS Storage Network Web App Internet Web DB Edge Core Web App Optical Web DB Web App Web Web DB App Web Edge Applications Data Center Directory Security Policy Management Software OS Platform©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  33. 33. Major Players in Infrastructure ConvergenceNetworks Storage Servers ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  34. 34. What is iSCSI©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  35. 35. TCP/IP Overhead saps CPU Typical 1GbE NIC TCP/IP Overhead saps CPU 700 File System 600 MBS vs. CPU Utilization Volume Manager 500 MB/sec SCSI Device Driver 400 300 iSCSI 200 TCP 100 IP 0 60% 68% 71% 83% Ethernet CPU Utilization % Legend Processing by Host CPU HBA Hardware©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  36. 36. TCP + iSCSI Offload Engines Typical 1GbE NIC File System File System Host File System SW Volume Manager Volume Manager Volume Manager SCSI Device Driver SCSI Device Driver SCSI Device Driver iSCSI iSCSI iSCSI Adapter TCP TCP TCP IP IP IP Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Host CPU HBA Firmware HBA Hardware©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  37. 37. ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  38. 38. SAN Market Segmentation Environment Servers Storage ASP - $1K to $25K FC SANs Performance Perf. - 50K+ tpm iSCSI HW SANs Scalability r- Features n te e E is Cost ASP - $1K to $25K pr iSCSI HW SANs Perf. - 15K-50K tpm t ASP - $10K to $100K m en iSCSI SW SAN Perf. – 5-15K+ tpm p art Mid NAS De ASP - $1K to $25K up iSCSI SW SAN ro Entry NASPerf. – 1-5K+ tpm rkg Wo / PATA, SATA ffi ce l l O ffice ma e O S m Ho ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  39. 39. iSCSI Market Development Enterprise Adoption • 10Gbps Ethernet • Multi-headed Storage Distributed iSCSI • Gateways • SAN Consolidation • Long Distance Backup SMB Adoption • Low Cost SANs • Windows & Linux Pilots • Win Server 2003 Drivers • Exchange Consolidation • Native iSCSI Disk Arrays & Tape Libraries Early Adoption • Gateways & Routers • Long Distance Backups 2003 2004©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  40. 40. IP Networks• Decades-old, tried and tested, ever-evolving, widely deployed Decades- ever-• Many upper-layer protocol variations in use upper- Small Computer Systems Interface• Security, QoS, partitioning/subnets Hyper Text Translation Protocol• LAN-centric manageability LAN- Message Passing Interface Sockets Direct Protocol• Supports reliable “streams”-based data streams” Secure Sockets Layer• Work underway to fix required message framing, iSCSI over RDMA Internet SCSI and to add RDMA Application Application Application iSCSI HTTP SCSI Presentation Presentation Presentation SDP SSL MPI ... ... iSER Session Session Session verbs Transport (TCP) Transport (TCP) Transport RDMA P RDMA Protocol Network (IP) Network (IP) Network (IP) MPA Marker PDU Alignment DDP Direct Data PlacementData Link (MAC) Data Link (MAC) Data Link (MAC) TCP Physical Physical Physical Today’s NIC TCP/IP Offload RDMA-Enabled Engine (TOE) TOE ©2000-2003 IMEX Research software hardware under development IME
  41. 41. IP SAN Management Host Services Integration Storage ProvisioningFile system monitoring Storage provisioning Win, LINUX, Solaris IP SAN Management Value-add Management Management of MultiPath IO Supp Security IP SAN Console iSCSI HBAs and Failover (iSNS, CHAP, SRP) Features Virtualization Mirroring Snapshot Fail-Over Web based GUI iSCSI Target Management Appliance RAID LVM, Error Handling, SCSI Daemon, API SDK Service Layer HW Acceleration: TOE, iSCSI Offload, IPsec©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  42. 42. Host Services Integration Storage Provisioning File system monitoring Storage provisioning Win, LINUX, Solaris IP SAN Management Value-add Management Management of MultiPath IO Supp Security Console iSCSI HBAs and Failover (iSNS, CHAP, SRP) IP SAN Features Web based GUI Virtualization Mirroring Snapshot Fail-Over iSCSI Target Management RAID LVM, Error Handling, SCSI Daemon, API SDK Appliance Service HW Acceleration: TOE, iSCSI Offload, IPsec Layer©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  43. 43. LAN/SAN Integration Offload Offload •Initiator • Initiator & Target LAN/SANSAN • TCP/IP on NIC • TCP/IP in Si • iSCSI on NIC • iSCSI in host Convergence • Single port & Fn LOM/SOM • Fault Tolerance • Dual function Integration • Load Balancing • Initiator & Target •Initiator & Target • Offloaded TCP/IP • Offloaded TCP/IP • Offloaded iSCSI • Offloaded iSCSI • Dual port • Shares host memory Host Offloads • Fault tolerance • 1GbE & 10 GbE Supp • Load balancing • LOM/SOM •Uses CPU cycles •TCP/IP in SiLAN • MoBO option • Stateless Offloads • Single port & Fn • Ext memory • Win, Linux … 2002 2003 2004 2005 ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  44. 44. 10Gb Embedded TOE Evolution CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU CPU TOE MC MC MC MC MC MC MC MC DMA DMAPCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp PCI Exp I/O Uses I/O Uses I/O 1GbE Bridge Bridge Syst Bridge Syst 10 GbE Mmry Mmry 1GbE TOE GbE TOE 1GbE GbE 1GbE PCI-X Ext TOE Mmry PCI PCI-X TOE PCI PCI-X with 10GbE 2GbE Ext.Mmry2x1Gb TOE NIC TOE chipset 10 Gb TOE NIC Embedded 2003 2004 2005 2006 onwards ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  45. 45. NIC & iSCSI• Dual independent 1GbE ports: – PCI-Ex Copper, Fiber, PCI-X Copper, Fiber – PCI-Express or PCI-X Interface• Performance, sustained throughput: – SAN: 180 – 190 MB/sec – LAN: 1.9 Gbps Full Duplex – Simultaneous support of LAN and SAN traffic• Low CPU Utilization <10% (on 2Ghz CPU)• iSCSI Initiator & Target Mode Support – Support for Windows, Linux• Power < 8 Watts• iSCSI offloaded solution using TOE – Full data path offload, flexible TOE control path – Soft TCP session setup/teardown – Soft error handling and reporting – Full iSCSI error detection and handling – iSCSI CRC support – Remote iSCSI boot©2000-2003 IMEX Research – Initiator and target modes IME
  46. 46. TCP/IP Offload & Mgmt• TCP/IP Offload using TOE: – 8K TCP connections Supp – RDMA Supp – Full Data path offload: – Soft session setup/teardown – Memory pool for outstanding SCSI commands – Connection & Session-level error recovery Session-• IPv4 & IPv6 support: – Checksum and segmentation offload – Large send capability• Operating Systems: – Drivers for Windows 2k, Linux• Management: – ASF 2.0 support – WfM support – IPMI support – VLAN Tagging©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  47. 47. Features : NICs to Integration Features 2002 2003 2004 2005 Host interface PCI 64/66 PCI-Express x4 PCI-Express x8 PCI-Express x4 PCI-X 1.0 PCI-X 2.0 Packet memory External on NIC External on NIC Host memory, Host memory Ext on NIC RDMA No HW support uE assists uE + St.m/c uE + St.m/c iSCSI No HW support uE assists uE + St.m/c uE + St.m/c machine DDP/MPA No HW support uE + St.m/c St.m/c St.m/c MAC/PHY 1 MAC, PHY Dual MACs, PHY Single MAC + Dual MACs, PHY external integrated Serdes, external integrated optics Context memory External on NIC Internal cache Internal cache Internal cache Security (IPSEC) Prototype support External ASIC External ASIC External ASIC for SSL #of connections 1k 8k 8k 8k+? Management PXE PXE, ASF2.0 PXE, ASF 2.0 PXE, ASF2.0 Integration Standalone Standalone Standalone South bridge with legacy & PCI-X©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  48. 48. TCP/IP Offloading It’s not just about TOE – entire stack needs attention Data Application Upper Layers TCP/IP (or Offload I/f) The challenge OS is to move data from application CPU to the network and back with Memory minimum Chipset latency I/O interconnect Network Interface (w or w/o TOE) Data©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  49. 49. SN Technologies Migration IP Fibre Channel p-SCSI 1985 1990 2000 2003 2005 2010©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  50. 50. iSCSI SAN market to reach 1.7B by 2006 WW SAN Revenues $4,500 $4,000 $3,500 IB $3,000 $2,500 iSCSI $M $2,000 $1,500 $1,000 Fibre Channel $500 $- 2001A 2002A 2003E 2004E 2005E 2006E©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  51. 51. iSCSI SAN market to reach 1.7B by 2006 WW SAN Revenues by Technology End User Customer Revenues $M IB iSCSI Fibre Channel 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  52. 52. WW SAN Switch Port Shipments WW SAN Switch Ports Shipments 14,000 12,000 10,000 Units in 000s 8,000 iSCSI 6,000 4,000 FC 2,000 - 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  53. 53. Ethernet Technology Transitions©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  54. 54. Core Applications Consuming BW Average & Peak Size Of Files 100 Ave Peak 80 MS WordMb (8xMB) MS PPT 60 MS XLS Intranet/Web Page 40 20 10 Number Of Times The Same Document Is Retransmitted Over LAN 100 MS Word 80 MS PPT MS XLS Intranet/Web Page 60 40 20 10 1990 1995 2000 2005 ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  55. 55. Client Workload Increasing Dramatically 1998 2001 2002-3 Speech Interface Foreground CRM, SCM, ERP apps Collaboration Collaboration Email Email Email Passive Browser Dynamic Browser Dynamic Browser Office* apps net-aware Office* net-integrated Office* Multitasking OS M’tasking net-aware OS Next Generation OS Virus Scan Virus Scan Virus Scan Compression Compression Compression Back-up Back-up Back-up System Management System Management System Management Java* applets Authent/Encrypt Authent/Encrypt Synchronization Synchronization Java* applets Background Portals Directory Services Peer-to-Peer Services Java* applets Portals Smart agents Biz Automation Svcs. ©2000-2003 IMEX ResearchIntel Workload Forecast, 2001 IME
  56. 56. Trends In GbE Adoption 2001 – GbE is standard on all servers – Price gap between 10/100 and 10/100/1000 switches with uplinks is nearly closed 2002 – GbE Integrated on motherboards  30% share of new desktops – Wiring closet continues transition to GbE —transition complete in 2003 2004 – GbE share similar to 100MbE today – 100% share of new desktops ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  57. 57. GbE Fiber / Copper Deployment   10/100/1000 Workstations GbE over Cu (Up to 100m)  Between switches  To aggregate switches   10/100 Desktops  To servers GbE over fiber between floors   10/100/1000 10/100/1000 Ethernet over Desktops copper to the desktop Gigabit  Servers ©2000-2003 IMEX Research  IME
  58. 58. Intelligence In The Network IP Routing Internet VPN PSTN Network Network Access Control Quality of Service Network Management©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  59. 59. Expansion of Ethernet©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  60. 60. WW Market - 10GbEPort Shipments WW Shared Hub, Ethernet & LAN Switch Market (May02)©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  61. 61. Migration to 10GbE Applications©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  62. 62. 10GbE Interoperability©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  63. 63. 10GbE – Distance Support©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  64. 64. Connecting Customers - IP Everywhere©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  65. 65. Server Architectures: Competitive Technologies Price/Performance Performance: SMP vs. Clustering Serial vs.Parallel Computing Multinode Clusters Performance - tpc SMP w/8 way MPP w/4 way SerialPrice 16 32 MF 8 N-way SMP 6 4 2 Clustering i Performance Number of Processors Scalable Perf. vs. Availability Scalable Performance MPP Clustering SMP FT UniP ©2000-2003 IMEX Research Availability IME
  66. 66. Server Product - Segmentation Trends1995-1996 1997-1998 1999-2000 2001-2002 Ultra-Dense Blades Telco Grade Telco Grade Back-End Back-End Appliances Appliances Large SMP Large SMP Large SMP Rack Rack Rack (Front End) (Front End) (Front End) Pedestal Pedestal Pedestal Pedestal ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  67. 67. System Cost vs. High Availability z/390 $10 M Sysplex Avg. S/390 S/390 Syst z/390 MVS MVS IBM IBM Price Propl Propl $1 M Prop. Sun-Solaris Sun-Solaris HP-UX HP-UX IBM IBM IBM-AIX IBM-AIX $100 K Clustered NCR-SVR4 NCR-SVR4 Acer Acer HP HP UNIX AS400 Bull Bull IBM IBM Compaq Compaq NCR NCR Dell Dell NEC NEC UNIX Fujitsu Siemens Win Fujitsu Siemens $10K Clustered Linux Clustered Win 0.1 1 10 100 Downtime Hrs./Syst/Yr 99.999% 99.99% 99.9% 99.0% System Availability©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  68. 68. Market Segments by Applications OLTP 10 K DSS 1KLatency (IOPs) 100 TP NIC Streaming 10 HPC 1 1 5 10 50 100 500 *IOs per sesond for a required response time ( ms) MB/sec ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  69. 69. Market Segments by Applications OLTP Transaction 10 K Processing Intranet Data DSS (RAID - 1, 5, 6) 1K Warehousing IOPs Visual DB(Latency) NIC NIC 100 Scientific Computing Streaming Streaming Imaging Video 10 (RAID - 0, 3) 1 1 5 10 50 100 500 *IOs per sesond for a required response time ( ms) MB/sec ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  70. 70. Standard High-Volume Servers Standard High-Volume Servers WW Market Forecast 2001-2006 9,000 Units in 000s 6,000 3,000 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Blades Rack-Wide Pedestals Source: IMEX Research ©2003©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  71. 71. Blades Servers - Infrastructure Management Modules Remote Mgmt+KVM over IP Midplane Networking: Gbit Ethernet Switches W/Connectors Storage: IP NAS or FC SAN To Blades & Back Switch Cooling N+1Fans/Cooling Modules Processor Blades Modules (6-24 typically) Power: N+1Power Supplies Blade Control Panel USB Ports, CD/Floppy I/F ~ GbE Switch supports Trunking/Port Aggregation Flow Control Gbit QoS Packet Prioritization Memory Ethernet SNMP/RMON Systems I/F Micro- DDR w IGMP/BOOTP/TFTP Monitor Processors ECC …… Module © 2003 Source: IMEX Research©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  72. 72. Blade Servers Market - Sweet Spots 8+-way 100% 4-way 2-way 1-way 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 By 2005 2-way & 4-way processor based blades would become mainstream for high volume, low cost blade servers©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  73. 73. ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  74. 74. Ethernet for Server Blades©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  75. 75. Blades – Target Markets WW Blades Market to reach $3.5 billion by 2005 WW Blades Market by Target Rev $M Market Segments Rev $M 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Blades - Telecom Blades - Enterpr. & SMB Blades - Hi Perf Com p. Blades - ISPs©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  76. 76. Intel SHV Roadmap 2001 2002 2003 2004 IA-32 PIII Xeon Xeon High-end 2ML2,900MHz MP(8-way and above) Profusion Embedded ChipsetMid Range PIII Xeon Xeon MP 1M/2M L2,700 MHz (4-way) 3rd Party Chipset Entry PIII Xeon Xeon E7500 & (2-way) 256K L2 1.0 Ghz 3rd Party Chipsets IA-64 Itanium Madison Montecito Processor McKinley (faster McKinley) (Higher Performance, SW=Madison/McKinley) Deerfield (Dual Processor) ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  77. 77. High Performance Computing©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  78. 78. Server Market by Application 2002 Servers Market by Application & OS - 2002 WW Revenues $B $8,000 $7,000 $6,000 WW Revenues $B WW Revenues $M $5,000 $4,000 $3,000 $2,000 $1,000 Unix $- Other O/S Linux in g e ess a tiv tu r e Windows P ro c bor tru c u re ss ol la a s r u ct o rt i ne C I nf r ast up p ing en t B us y st I nf r on S pu t pm S We b i si C om e lo D ec ve De v n si I n te pl ic e r ic /A p SW N um©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  79. 79. Blade Server Management Software Automation Provisioning Automatically Maintains Application Service Level ObjectivesVirtualization Provisions the Resources Required to Deliver a Business ServiceAllocates, Monitors,and Meters the Usageof Pooled Resources ©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  80. 80. Management – Blade Servers Ultra-dense HW • Density 20 % • Power Consumption 20% • Cable Management Management • Platforms integration:  Hardware  Software 80%  Network  Management • Scalability 80 % • Security • Manageability • Lowest TCO©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  81. 81. Virtualization – Blade Servers Virtual Application Specific Clusters Cluster Virtualization Physical Clustered Blades©2000-2003 IMEX Research IME
  82. 82. Workload Mgmt – Internet Traffic Load 25000 Individualized Loads - 4 Blades 20000 15000 Traffic 10000 5000 0 1:00 PM 3:00 PM 5:00 PM 7:00 PM 9:00 PM 1:00 AM 3:00 AM 5:00 AM 7:00 AM 9:00 AM 11:00 AM 25000 Company/Workload A . Company/Workload B . Shared Loads - Single Computer 20000 Company/Workload C . Company/Workload D 15000 Traffic 10000 5000 0 1:00 PM 3:00 PM 5:00 PM 7:00 PM 9:00 PM 1:00 AM 3:00 AM 5:00 AM 7:00 AM 9:00 AM 11:00 AM Company/Workload A . Company/Workload B .©2000-2003 IMEX Research Company/Workload C . Company/Workload D IME

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