© 2007 IMEX Research                                                                              All Rights ReservedBlade...
© 2007 IMEX Research            Chaos in the Enterprise . . .                                                             ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                                                                                        All Rights Res...
© 2007 IMEX Research         End to End IT Infrastructure                                                                w...
© 2007 IMEX Research         Consolidated Data Center                                                                     ...
© 2007 IMEX Research   Blade Infrastructure:Local Area Grid (LAG©)                                                        ...
© 2007 IMEX Research          Blade Servers by Market Segments                                                            ...
© 2007 IMEX Research     State-of-the-BladeSystems Vendors 2006                                                           ...
© 2007 IMEX Research     Blade Servers: Vendor Positioning Index                                                          ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                              Blades - TCO Savings & ROI                                      All Righ...
© 2007 IMEX Research     Power/Cooling Spending to rise dramatically to 40%                                              C...
© 2007 IMEX Research        Data Center Cooling                                                                           ...
© 2007 IMEX Research      Key to Integration: Interconnect Fabrics                                                        ...
© 2007 IMEX Research       HPC Interconnect – Leaders                 All Rights Reserved                                 ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                       Market Segments by Applications                                                ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                                                                                                      ...
© 2007 IMEX Research      Genesis of Virtualization & Grid Computing                          All Rights Reserved         ...
© 2007 IMEX Research       Next-Gen Data Center - Observations                                 All Rights Reserved        ...
© 2007 IMEX Research          Implementing Virtualization                                           All Rights Reserved   ...
© 2007 IMEX Research       Virtualization Models                                                                   All Rig...
© 2007 IMEX Research       Workloads Consolidation using VZ                              All Rights Reserved              ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                       TCO Savings with Virtualization                                          All Ri...
© 2007 IMEX Research       Virtualization Players by Category                                                           Al...
© 2007 IMEX Research       Summary - Virtualization                                                            All Rights ...
© 2007 IMEX Research        Virtualizing your IT Infrastructure                                                           ...
© 2007 IMEX Research     Future: IP Everywhere Based Infrastructure                                 All Rights Reserved   ...
© 2007 IMEX Research                                                                              All Rights ReservedBlade...
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Blade Servers & Virtualization State of the Industry

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Blade Servers & Virtualization State of the Industry

  1. 1. © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights ReservedBlade Servers & Virtualization Copying ProhibitedState of the IndustryIndustry Address © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Please contact IMEX for written permissionAnil VasudevaPrincipal Analyst & Presidentvasudeva@imexresearch.com IMEX RESEARCH.COM408-268-0800 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  2. 2. © 2007 IMEX Research Chaos in the Enterprise . . . All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited File transfers AIX to Database extracts MVS FTP between Sun - HP/UX via Platinum to SP2 via MQ Series 4.4 NT 9.9 Network IBM3090-600J IBM RS6000 TM TM AIX 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 HP MVS/ESA Sun DB2/6000 UX 10, 11.0, 11.2 MPE Server/OS IMS / ADABAS Solaris 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 Sybase 11.9, 12 TM TM Oracle 7.5, 8.0 Fujitsu Database IBM AS/400 DS90UX Compaq OS/400 P/M ProLiant 2500,5500 NT 3.5, 4.0 SQLApplication CICS Batch CAD/CAM Inventory PeopleSoft Financials Lotus E-commerce Exchange Notes OLTP Storage STK Silos Tape Legato to DLT BU by FDR 8mm Backup Cheyenn Backup Upstream IBM e to 4mm HP ADSM3490 OmniBack Test Disaster D/R plan (MF only) Recovery (1) Scales poorly (2) Difficult to manage (3) Reliability is questionable (4) Management costs out of control ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  3. 3. © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved DC Infrastructure Nightmares Driving CIOs Copying Prohibited Servers Win 5-10%, SMP 20-35%, MF 30-50% Utilization 80+% Servers 15-30 Servers/Admin 300+ Application 1 Today Application/Server 20 Targeted Storage 30-45% Disk, 20-40% Tape Utilization 75+% Storage 1TB Terabytes/DBA 100TB MIS Alerts 20-40 Urgent Alerts/Day 4-5 System HAL- 3 (99.9%) Availability HAL- 5 (99.999%) Power & 2-5 kW/Rack Cooling 15-20 kW/Rack kW/Rack Capability©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  4. 4. © 2007 IMEX Research End to End IT Infrastructure with HA & Security All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited xSP IntrDet VPN Enterprise WebServices App.Server DBServers IntrDet Layer 3 Layer 4-7 Layer 2 Stg Fibre Switches Switches Switches Switches (Routers)Supplier/Partner ISP IntrDet ISP Internet ISP Core Edge Optical Networking ISP Access ISP IntrDet Remote Office ISP Caching, Proxy, Application,HA, Database, FW, SSL, IDS, File/Print, ERP, Middleware, DNS, LB, Web Security, SCM, Data Mgmt Servers CRM Servers Servers Cable Modem Tier-1 Tier-2 Tier-3 DSL Edge Computing Applications Data Bases MP3 VOD Cellular Directory Security Policy Management Wireless Home Networks Software OS Platform ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  5. 5. © 2007 IMEX Research Consolidated Data Center All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited xSP VPN IntrDet Enterprise WebServices App.Server DBServers IntrDetSupplier/Partner ISP Switches: Layer 4-7, Layer 2, 10GbE, FC Stg ISP Internet ISP Core FC/ Edge Optical Networking IPSAN ISP Access ISP Remote Office ISP Caching, Proxy, Database, FW, SSL, IDS, DNS, Middleware, Data LB, Web Servers Mgmt Servers Tier-1 Tier-1 Application,HA, Tier-3 Edge File/Print, ERP, Edge Data Base Cable Modem Servers SCM, CRM Servers Apps Servers DSL Tier-2 Apps MP3 VOD Cellular Directory Security Policy Management Wireless Home Networks Software OS Platform ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  6. 6. © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Infrastructure:Local Area Grid (LAG©) All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Management Modules Remote Mgmt+KVM over IP Midplane Networking: Gbit Ethernet Switches W/Connectors Storage: IP NAS or FC SAN To Blades & Back Switch Cooling N+1Fans/Cooling Modules Processor Blades Modules (6-24 typically) Power: N+1Power Supplies Blade Control Panel USB Ports, CD/Floppy I/F ~ GbE Switch supports Trunking/Port Aggregation Flow Control Gbit QoS Packet Prioritization Memory Ethernet SNMP/RMON Systems I/F Micro- DDR w IGMP/BOOTP/TFTP Monitor Processors ECC …… © 2003-06 IMEX Research Module©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  7. 7. © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Servers by Market Segments All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited WW Blade Servers Market Revenues by Major Target Market $10,000 Factory Rev $M $ 5,000 $- 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 IP T e le c o m E nt e rpris e s ( Lg & S M B ) H igh P e rf o rm a nc e C o m p. IS P s E m be dde d C o m put ing©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  8. 8. © 2007 IMEX Research State-of-the-BladeSystems Vendors 2006 All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Blade Servers Market Shares Blade Servers 2006 ASP vs. Shipments By Revenues 2006 $6,000 OthersFJ/FSC $5,000 Fujitsu HP IBM Others ASP $ Dell (Sun, Hitachi…) $4,000 IBM $3,000 Dell $2,000 HP 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Unit Shipments (000s)©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  9. 9. © 2007 IMEX Research Blade Servers: Vendor Positioning Index All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited (As of Oct 2006 - See IMEX Blade Servers Industry Report 2007 for latest data) Strategy (Potential) HP IBM Fujitsu Sun Siemens Hitachi Dell Linux Networx © 2003-07 IMEX Research Intel NEC Rackable Sys Tatung Appro Egenera Nexcom Penguin HPC Syst Verari©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Delivery (Execution)
  10. 10. © 2007 IMEX Research Blades - TCO Savings & ROI All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited 3 Year TCO Savings TCO Savings in.. Rack vs. Blade Servers OPEX 100% Staff/ Support Maintenance/ 25% 80% Downtime 54% Facilities/ % Contribution 60% Power 67% OPEX 21% 40% 46% CAPEX Networking 19% 20% Servers 33% 46% Storage CAPEX 25% Infrastructure 13% 0% 1 SW Rack Servers Blade2Servers Infrastructure 22%Data: ©2003-2007 IMEX 2004 IMEX Research Research All rights Reserved
  11. 11. © 2007 IMEX Research Power/Cooling Spending to rise dramatically to 40% Copying Prohibited All Rights Reserved Power & Cooling Spending to rise to 40% of Total DC Spending by 2010 $125 CAPEX New Servers OPEX New Servers End User Spending in Data Centers CAPEX Power & Cooling OPEX Power & Cooling $100 $75 $50 $25 $- 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  12. 12. © 2007 IMEX Research Data Center Cooling All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedWhere does the power go in Data Centers ? IT Equipment 50% PC :A ce ur So Source: Emerson Liebert Many techniques, methodologies and equipments Computer Simulation using widely available software from air cooling to liquid assisted cooling available (e.g. Fluent Airpack Ansys CFD …) to verify form a variety of vendors and Consultants …. Cooling Designed is the most cost effective before (Email imex@imexresearch.com for more info and commiting to final implementation. Assessment of competitive vendor products, consultants and data centerResearch All rights Reserved ©2003-2007 IMEX power & cooling integrators) Source: IBM 2005
  13. 13. © 2007 IMEX Research Key to Integration: Interconnect Fabrics All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Ethernet, Network Fabric Wi-Fi. System Fabric Quadrics, Management Myrinet, SNMP, SCI Fabric IETF/ InfiniBand, CIM, Ethernet / IP, SMI-S, Ethernet IP SMASH. w/TOE, Ethernet IP w/TOE and RDMA. SCSI, Fiber Channel, ISCSI.©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  14. 14. © 2007 IMEX Research HPC Interconnect – Leaders All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited GbE for majority of applications dominate the Interconnect for HPC. Myrinet for the highly latency sensitive applications while Infiniband is rearing up at the Midrange latency applications©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  15. 15. © 2007 IMEX Research Market Segments by Applications All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited OLTP Transaction 10 K Processing eCommerce Data DSS (RAID - 0, 3) (RAID - 1, 5, 6) 1K Warehousing (Latency) Visual DBIOPs 100 Scientific Computing NIC NIC Imaging TP 10 Audio Streaming Streaming HPC Video 1 1 5 10 50 100 500 *IOs per sesond for a required response time ( ms) MB/sec ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  16. 16. © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved HPC – From Academia to Wall St to Hollywood Copying Prohibited High Performance Entertainment High Performance Commercial Bioinformatics Decision-Support Entertainment Commercial BioInformatics Decision Audio/Video OnDemand Computing Computing Visualization Visualization Support Syst Audio/Video On Demand SystemsData: IMEX Research & Panasas 100+ Teraflops Rendering (Texture & Polygons) Data rate & capacity Throughput = 100 GB/s Throughput = 1.2 GB/s Throughput : DSL/Cable ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved ©2004--05 IMEX Research.com
  17. 17. © 2007 IMEX Research Genesis of Virtualization & Grid Computing All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedCFO vs. CIO - Shocking Observations• IT Infrastructure Investments yet to achieve TCO/ROI Financial Objectives th ow• Expected Boost in Corporate e Gr enu Rev l) Productivity not Visible ua ct• Post 2000 Dictum: Do More with Less (A s tsReason – IT Spiral Profit Co IT ) eted• Web Growth > New Apps Mushroom (B udg > Lo Cost Windows Servers Sprawl (Tier-1) TC osts I• Business Growth > More Computing Power > Applications/DB Servers Sprawl (Tier-2,3)• More Servers >  Storage >DC Facilities > IT Support > IT Staff• More Low Cost Servers > 5% Utilization >Scale Out Infrastructure• IT Costs == Business Growth ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  18. 18. © 2007 IMEX Research Next-Gen Data Center - Observations All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited• WW, there are 5.1 million data centers (you are not alone)• Now costs $100-175M to build a large data center – ~$1005/Sqft, $40,000/Rack, $2,500/Server, 2.5U – 82% of installed equipment (Srvr,Stg,Ntwk) has only10% utilizn. – For every $1 invested in new IT infrastructure, $7 spent to maintain – For every $1 in new Server spending, 50c spent on Power & Cooling /2006 – Virtual Servers growth will outstrip growth of Physical servers by 50% with an associated rise in managing virtual servers – Blades increasing Power/Rack by 10x Need Power/Cooling, Weight, Solutions to pursue©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  19. 19. © 2007 IMEX Research Implementing Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Client At Various Levels Workstations Microprocessor LAN Ethernet – Intel VT, AMD-Pacifica Switches OS - zOS, pOS, UNIX, Windows, Linux Application & DB Servers - IBM, HP, Sun, VMWare, Xen, SWSoft SAN File System GbE or FC - DFS Switches NetworkingStorage Arrays - Multiport Storage - Host, SAN, Controller - In-Band, Out-of-Band Management ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  20. 20. © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualization Models All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited • Each application is contained by its own Operating System instance • The Virtualization layer is tasked with spoofing each OS into believing its is the only OS on the system • Users can mix and match guest OS’s with various versions of Windows or Linux. • Major Players: VMWare, Microsoft, Xen • A single OS hosts multiple applications. • The Virtualization layer handles resource allocation between applications • The VZ layer also provides protection to the host OS so that a misbehaving application does not cause problems for the system as a whole •Major Players: SWSoft, Sun/Containers©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Data: Dan Olds,Gabriel Consulting
  21. 21. © 2007 IMEX Research Workloads Consolidation using VZ All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited • A single server 1.5x larger than standard 2-way server will handle consolidated load of 6 servers. • VZ manages the workloads + important apps get the compute resources they need automatically w/o operator intervention. • Physical consolidation of 15-20:1 is easily possible • Reasonable goal for VZ x86 servers – 40-50% utilization on large systems (>4way), rising as dual/quad core processors becomes available • Savings result in Real Estate, Power & Cooling, High Availability, Hardware, Management©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved Data: Dan Olds,Gabriel Consulting
  22. 22. © 2007 IMEX Research TCO Savings with Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited 995 Pre-Virtualization (VZ) Servers  78 VZ Servers $16,000 For a copy of TCO Analysis, Email: Provisioning imex@ Downtime imexresearch.com $12,000 Or call (408) 268-0800 Disaster Recovery Cost over 3 years DC Real Estate Power & Cooling $8,000 Network SAN Hardware $4,000 VZ SW & Support $-©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved w/o VZ w VZ
  23. 23. © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualization Players by Category All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited App VZ OS Processor PC Servers Storage ToolsAppistry Fedora AMD Altiris Akimbi Syste Cloverleaf Acronis SunData Synapse Novell Intel AppStream AppStream Compellent* Altiris Surgient OpenVZ Ardence Ardence Datacore BladeLogic VizionCore Red Hat Checkpoint Egenera EMC* BMC SW VMw are Sun Citrix HP FalconStor CA vThere Fujitsu IBM Fujitsu* Cassatt Fujitsu-Siem eMicrosoft HDS* Cirba Hitachi Parallels HP* Dunes HP Sun IBM Tivoli Ecora IBM SWsoft IBM* IBM LeoStream Virtual Iron NetApp* Microsoft NEC VMw are Netreon Opsw are Parallels Xen SANRAD Parallels Platform StorageAge PHD Microsoft Sun/STK* PlateSpin Sun Symantec Platform Wyse Vicom Scalent ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  24. 24. © 2007 IMEX Research Summary - Virtualization All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited• Server Virtualization (VZ) now a mainstream technology• VZ is turning Data Center strategies & core infrastructure upside down• DC Professionals very happy with its future use• VZ means “Doing More for Less” (finally making CFOs get off your back)• Issues to be Resolved – VMs exploding – Managing them a nightmare: needs more tools – Database Performance (one reason HP bought Polyserve)• Follow SIVA© in executing your DC strategy – Standardize (Windows/Linux, GbE, IP Storage/iSCSI,SATA..) – Integrate (Blades, Management Tools..) – Virtualize (Infrastructure-uP,Servers, Storage, Networks,Clients w P2V tools) – Automate (Provide important Apps required resources automatically w/o intervention to OPEX costs)• Create VZ Justification: TCO Reduction of 60-70% over 3 years, ROI >58%• Follow VZ in 3 phases –  Consolidation & Resource Sharing  HA/BC/DR, WkLd Balancing  Automation – Consolidate through VZ and Workload Management, – Reduce # systems Footprints & OS instances (OS Lic Costs,  Mgmt Admin Costs) – Create Workload Mgmt based on Business Policies (Mission Critical, & DB Wklds)©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  25. 25. © 2007 IMEX Research Virtualizing your IT Infrastructure All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited SLA • Business Priorities • Cost of IT Ops/Charge Back Methods • Response Time/Availability/Throughput,QoS • Transactions/Sessions/Events/Analysis/Reporting • Business Services Managed & Charged Virtualization Utility - P2V Usage Assets Dept/Owner Location • Usage Profiles • Host Name (Mfr/Model/SN, • Users/Services/Workloads • Platform – OS/Processors/#/Speed/Type • Applications (OLTP/BI/HPC/Data Streaming) • Pooled Infrastructure Resources by• Execution: Rules Driven, Adaptive Provisioning Application Metrics • Services Abstraction, Adaptive Provisioning • Pooled Capacity Provisioning: Processing, Bandwidth, Storage, RepositoryFor©2003-2007 case Researchon rights Reserved financial institution implemented virtualization email imex@imexresearch.com copy of IMEX study All how a major
  26. 26. © 2007 IMEX Research Future: IP Everywhere Based Infrastructure All Rights Reserved Copying ProhibitedFollow SIVA ©2007 – Standardization, Integration, Virtualization & Autonomics In your Next Generation Data Center Servers Storage IP Networks Infrastructure Telecom Standardization Integration Thermionics©2007 Virtualization Provisioning Automation©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved
  27. 27. © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights ReservedBlade Servers & Virtualization Copying ProhibitedState of the IndustryIndustry Address © 2007 IMEX Research All Rights Reserved Copying Prohibited Please contact IMEX for written permissionAnil VasudevaPrincipal Analyst & Presidentvasudeva@imexresearch.com IMEX RESEARCH.COM408-268-0800 ©2003-2007 IMEX Research All rights Reserved

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