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4 modèles de médiation

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John Peter Weldon, avocat, conférencier et membre de l'Institut de médiation et d'arbitrage du Québec (IMAQ) présente 4 modèles de médiation et les concepts sur lesquelles ils reposent.

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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4 modèles de médiation

  1. 1. La médiation, d’accord… <br />mais laquelle?<br />©John Peter Weldon<br />www.johnpeterweldon.ca<br />
  2. 2. « Le médiateur doit… <br />Le médiateur doit faire la navette entre les parties, installées dans des pièces séparées, en les <br />« bombardant » de solutions et en les persuadant d’accepter un règlement de compromis. »<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  3. 3. « Mais non, le médiateur doit… <br />Le médiateur doit résumer pour les parties ladernière jurisprudence sur les questions qui les opposent, afin de les guider vers une entente <br />conforme à la norme juridique. »<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  4. 4. « Voyons donc, le médiateur doit…<br />Le médiateur doit mener les parties par une série d’étapes prédéterminéesvers une entente qui réponde le mieux à leurs intérêts et besoins respectifs, en ayant recours à la négociation raisonnée. »<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  5. 5. « Mais pas du tout, le médiateur doit… <br />Le médiateur doit aider les parties à améliorer la qualité de leur interaction, en leur offrant des occasions de retrouver un sentiment decompétence personnelleet une plus grande ouverture au point de vue de l’autre. »<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  6. 6. « Alors, c’est quoi au juste la médiation? »<br />Qu’on l’appelle médiation, conciliation, rencontre conjointe, conversation à trois…<br />Comment se compare la médiation<br />à deux autres options :<br />une conversation « de clarification » <br />et unprocessus d’adjudication?<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  7. 7. La conversation « de clarification »<br />Lorsque des parties à un conflitpeuvent se rencontrersans intermédiairepour échangersur la situation, clarifierce qui est important pour chacune, tenircomptedu point de vue de l’autre, et prendre des décisions en conséquence, on assiste à uneconversation « de clarification ».<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  8. 8. Processusd’adjudication<br />Lorsque des parties à un conflitne peuvent pas communiquer ensemble pour trouver des solutions à leurdifférend, ellespeuvent demander à uneautoritéextérieure, jugeouarbitre, de trancherle différend à leurslieux et places, dans unprocessusd’adjudication<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  9. 9. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />La médiationse situequelque part entre la conversation « de clarification » et le processusd’adjudication. <br />Elle estdoncsoumiseà deux tensions opposéesqui influencent le degré de directivitédu médiateur et le niveaud’autodéterminationconsenti aux parties.<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  10. 10. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  11. 11. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  12. 12. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  13. 13. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  14. 14. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  15. 15. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  16. 16. ← LA MÉDIATION ENTRE 2 TENSIONS OPPOSÉES -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  17. 17. La médiation à l’ère du pluralisme<br />Il n’y a pas une, mais desmédiations.<br />En fait, quatremodèles de méditationontétéidentifiés par les auteurs.<br />Boule et Kelly (1998) Mediation Principles, Process, Practice, Toronto, Butterworths Canada Ltd.<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  18. 18. La médiation axée sur le règlement<br />La médiation axée sur le règlement<br /> a toujours existé; elle est pratiquée par des personnes de prestige : juges, chef d’état <br />(par ex. Jimmy Carter) <br />(C’est notre médiateur dela navette, qui «bombarde»les parties de solutionspour les amener à accepter un règlement de compromis.)<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  19. 19. La médiation évaluative<br />La médiation évaluative<br />requiert une expertise particulière dans le domaine du droit applicable; elle est privilégiée, entre autres, par les arbitres, depuis une quarantaine d’années<br />(C’est notre médiateur à l’ordinateur portatif chargé de la dernière jurisprudence, qui persuade les parties à s’entendre en respectant les normes juridiques.)<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  20. 20. La médiation facilitante <br />La médiation facilitante<br />basée sur la négociation raisonnée formulée dans<br />Getting to Yes(1981); elle est largement enseignée au Québec en matière familiale, civile et commerciale<br />(C’est notre médiateur qui mène les parties par des étapes préétablies vers une entente qui respecte leurs besoins et intérêtsrespectifs en ayant recours à la négociation raisonnée.)<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  21. 21. La médiation transformative<br />La médiation transformative<br /> basée sur la théorie relationnelle du conflit formulée dans The Promise of Médiation (1994 et 2005); elle est pratiquée en matière familiale et en milieu de travail. <br />(C’est notre médiateur qui offre aux parties des occasionsde retrouver un sentiment decompétencepersonnelleet une plus grande ouvertureau point de vue de l’autre.)<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  22. 22. Mais qu’est-ce qu’un conflit?<br />Chaque modèle de médiation étant basé <br />sur une théorie différente du conflit,<br />on peut répondre de 4 façons différentes<br />à la question :<br />Qu’est-ce qu’un conflit?<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  23. 23. 4 théories du conflit<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  24. 24. 4 théories du conflit (suite)<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  25. 25. 4 théories du conflit -> 4 médiations<br />Théorierelationnelledu conflit-> médiationtransformative<br />Théorie des intérêts et besoins-> médiationfacilitante<br />Théorie des droits et obligations -> médiationévaluative<br />Théorie du pouvoir-> médiationaxéesur le règlement<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  26. 26. 4 modèles de médiation en contraste<br />Pour mieuxsaisir les différencesentre les quatremodèlesde médiationqu’ilsontidentifiés, Boule et Kelly ontdresséunesérie de comparaisons. Celles-ci ontétémises à jour pour tenircompte de l’évolutiondu champ de pratique au cours de la dernièredécennie.<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  27. 27. Objectif principal des 4 modèles<br />© 2011John Peter Weldon <br />
  28. 28. Définition du différend<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  29. 29. Types de médiateurs<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  30. 30. Rôle principale du médiateur<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  31. 31. Autres aspects de chaque modèle<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  32. 32. Forces de chaque modèle<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  33. 33. Faiblesses de chaque modèle<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  34. 34. Domaines d’application<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  35. 35. Coexistence des 4 modèles <br /> « Beaucoup d’écrits et de discussions au sujet de la médiation tiennent pour acquis le modèle facilitant, qualifié parfois de médiation « pure » ou « processus classique de médiation ». En pratique cependant, les trois autres modèles de médiation influencentet entrent en compétition avecla médiation facilitante. » <br />Boule et Kelly<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  36. 36. « ET LE MED-ARB? »<br />Lorsque les parties ne peuvent s’entendre en médiation, le médiateur, selon entente préalable, devient un arbitre qui tranche le débat.<br />Le méd-arb se situe sur le tableau suivant à la jonction de la médiation« classique » et de l’adjudication.<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  37. 37. TENDANCE DU « MED-ARB » -><br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  38. 38. ET LA MÉDIATION TRANSFORMATIVE?<br />À l’opposé, lorsque les parties en médiation transformative améliorentlaqualitéde leur interaction, le médiateur favorise un échange libre.<br />La médiation transformative se trouve à la jonction de la médiation « classique» et de la conversation « de clarification ».<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  39. 39. ← TENDANCE de la MÉDIATION TRANSFORMATIVE<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  40. 40. Autodétermination et Directivité<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />
  41. 41. Transformer un conflit au fil de la médiation<br />Merci et au plaisir!<br />www.johnpeterweldon.ca<br />© 2011 John Peter Weldon <br />

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