Principles of Beach Risk Assessment: A UK perspective

1,694 views

Published on

Author: Cliff Nelson

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
  • Be the first to comment

Principles of Beach Risk Assessment: A UK perspective

  1. 1. Principles of Beach Risk Assessments: A UK Perspective Cliff Nelson Programme Manager: Beach and Open Water
  2. 2. Implications of a Drowning: A sobering thought!
  3. 3. What is a Risk Assessment? Risk Assessments - the Myth!!! The Beach Environment What are they all about? Beach Safety Management Strategy What are Risk Assessments?
  4. 4. Nobody chooses to drown! <ul><li>Drowning Chain </li></ul><ul><li>Uninformed/Unrestricted Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance/Disregard </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to cope </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why do Risk Assessments: UK Legal Implications! <ul><li>Statutory Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health and Safety at Work Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mant. of Health and Safety at Work Regs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupiers Liability Act 1957 (Scotland 1960) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common Law and ‘Duty of Care’ </li></ul><ul><li>Moral and Ethical Obligations </li></ul><ul><li>“ The cost to my well being & peace of mind in facing Mr. Jones to explain how his wife had died under my care” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Health and Safety Executive 5 Steps to Risk Assessment <ul><li>Step 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Decide who might be harmed and how </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Record your findings and implement them </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Review your assessment & update if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.hse.gov.uk / </li></ul>
  7. 7. Risk Rating Scales Medium - Reduce 9 6 3 Frequent 3 6 4 2 Occasional 2 3 2 1 Improbable 1 Fatal 3 Major 2 Minor 1 Risk Priority High - I mmediate Low – min. risk
  8. 8. Control Measures Chartered Institute of Environmental Health <ul><li>1 Elimination/Avoidance – Red Flag </li></ul><ul><li>3 Controlling risks at source - Zoning </li></ul><ul><li>4 Separation and isolation - Railings </li></ul><ul><li>5 Safe working procedures - NOPs/EAPs </li></ul><ul><li>6 Training/information – Lifeguards/Public </li></ul><ul><li>7 Personal protection – Clothing/PWCs </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency procedures </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.CIEH.org </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>RA Protocols </li></ul><ul><li>ILS Framework </li></ul><ul><li>RLSS/CIEH </li></ul>Risk Assessment Protocols
  10. 10. <ul><li>Increasing litigation risks </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing nos. engaged in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>dangerous water sports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost of lifeguarding </li></ul><ul><li>Extended season </li></ul><ul><li>Inexpensive sport equipment </li></ul>Some Challenges:
  11. 11. <ul><li>Don’t do nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Common sense </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Not a one off exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Beach Safety Plan </li></ul>Key Points

×