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Lifesaving Development in Africa


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Author: Job Kania

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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Lifesaving Development in Africa

  1. 1. WORLD WATER SAFETY CONFERENCE JOB KANIA President: Kenya Lifesaving Federation 29/09/07 PORTO
  2. 2. ILS – WORLD WATER SAFETY CONFERENCE <ul><li>Lifesaving Development in Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. CONTEXTUAL ANALYSIS <ul><ul><li>- Lifesaving has existed in Africa since time immemorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical evidence of swimming depicted in ancient writings of Egypt (Cureton, 1934). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However modern day Africa has the highest drowning mortality rate 13.1per 100 000 (Peden & McGee, 2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No drowning mortality data, nor swimming ability statistics exist for most countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the above reasons, this paper is based on personal experiences, having lived and worked in many African countries. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Major causes of Drowning <ul><li>Inability to swim , yet large populations live and survive around water. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to recognise potential hazardous conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of safe ways in which to assist people requiring assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>More people moving and living in flood plains </li></ul>
  5. 5. Challenges <ul><li>Weak economic states of most countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of government policy on water safety </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of water safety </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of lifesaving/ swimming education in Physical Education Curriculum of schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of public aquatic facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Attitude </li></ul>
  6. 6. Challenges (contd...) <ul><li>Slow technological advancement </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of scientific research in the aquatic field </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of professionalism in lifesaving </li></ul><ul><li>Poor swimming pool hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of resources </li></ul>
  7. 7. Way Forward <ul><li>Establishment of national lifesaving federations. </li></ul><ul><li>Develop of state water safety policies </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection and audit of all aquatic facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory pool and public liability cover </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of lifesaving and swimming activities is the ports curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of water safety awareness. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Way forward (contd) <ul><li>Encouragement of lifesaving skills in the state forces (police, fire, ambulance, army) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of lifesaving awards (qualifications) </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of lifeguarding professionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Development of lifesaving sport </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of public recreational facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of costs of lifesaving equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation in lifesaving equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of lifesaving experts in national disaster committees. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific research in the aquatic field </li></ul><ul><li>Improvisation of aquatic environments for skills development (e.g. Bangladesh experience) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>There is still hope and optimism for lifesaving development in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Via joint stakeholder involvement and partnerships we can develop the necessary interventions to reduce the high number of drownings </li></ul>
  10. 10. THANK YOU