Lifesaving and community development Experiences from indigenous Australia Justin Scarr – Royal Life Saving Society Austra...
Introductory Statement <ul><li>Incorporating lifesaving themes into a Community Driven Development Model not only saves li...
Life expectancy in Australia at birth in years Population Category Male Female All Australians  (1999–2001) 77.0 82.1 Abor...
Some causes are  <ul><li>social determinants of health  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>income  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social st...
Benefits of swimming pools in two remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia: intervention study Lehmann, Tennant,...
The intervention
 
 
Project aim <ul><li>To maximize the  health ,  social  and  economic  benefits of the Nauiyu community swimming pool  </li...
Objectives <ul><li>Community engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Increases in frequency of and participation in programs, events ...
Primary evaluation strategies <ul><li>Health screening data </li></ul><ul><li>Modified Delphi Technique at 12mths using ke...
Health Screening of Nauiyu Children 4 -15 years HEALTH ISSUE Mar-06 % Mar-07 % Trachoma follicles 17 18.5 6 8.3 Skin Sores...
Results – influencing authority <ul><li>Government upgrade of the swimming pool AUD$400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Council fund...
Results – social infrastructure <ul><li>Project steering committee has been expanded to include; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Six...
Results – community happiness <ul><li>Impact on employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewarding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volu...
Desired timetable Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am Lap swimmers  Lap swimmers  Lap swi...
Timetable at commencement Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am 8.30 – 12.30pm Those with a...
Timetable as at May 07 Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am Closed 8.30 – 12.30pm Childcar...
Key to success - community driven development <ul><li>The process of developing active and sustainable communities based o...
Royal   Life Saving Community   Development   Model
 
Community engagement
Lessons for lifesaving agencies <ul><li>Recognize the health, social and economic benefits that we enjoy as a result of be...
Lessons for lifesaving agencies <ul><li>Community development is not training and certification </li></ul><ul><li>Engage p...
Acknowledgements <ul><li>Nauiyu Traditional Owners </li></ul><ul><li>Nauiyu Community </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Governm...
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Lifesaving And Community Development

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The role of lifesaving in community development, experiences from indigenous Australia

Author: Justin Scarr

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Lifesaving And Community Development

  1. 1. Lifesaving and community development Experiences from indigenous Australia Justin Scarr – Royal Life Saving Society Australia Co-authors Richard Franklin & Rob Bradley
  2. 2. Introductory Statement <ul><li>Incorporating lifesaving themes into a Community Driven Development Model not only saves lives from drowning but can support community capacity to face a range of social, economic and health challenges. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Life expectancy in Australia at birth in years Population Category Male Female All Australians (1999–2001) 77.0 82.1 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples (1996 – 2001) 59.4 (↓17.6) 64.6 (↓17.5) All Australians (1920–1922) 59 65 Australian Medical Association 2007 ATSI Report Card
  4. 4. Some causes are <ul><li>social determinants of health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>income </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>education and literacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>employment and working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>social environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>physical environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>housing </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Benefits of swimming pools in two remote Aboriginal communities in Western Australia: intervention study Lehmann, Tennant, Silva, McAullay, Lannigan, Coates, Stanley <ul><li>Findings: Introduction of swimming pools in two remote Aboriginal communities was associated with reduced prevalence of pyoderma (skin) and tympanic membrane (ear) perforations. </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary findings: Swimming pools provide important social capital in disadvantaged communities </li></ul><ul><li>RLSS - Western Australia provides pool management services to these and other remote indigenous community pools </li></ul>
  6. 6. The intervention
  7. 9. Project aim <ul><li>To maximize the health , social and economic benefits of the Nauiyu community swimming pool </li></ul><ul><li>by implementing a community driven development model incorporating lifesaving themes. </li></ul>
  8. 10. Objectives <ul><li>Community engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Increases in frequency of and participation in programs, events and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Support community employment, skills and leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate health benefits to community </li></ul>
  9. 11. Primary evaluation strategies <ul><li>Health screening data </li></ul><ul><li>Modified Delphi Technique at 12mths using key informants from across internal/external stakeholders and key demographics; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two interviews and a group session </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of project outcomes in areas of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Successful engagement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in physical activity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employment pathways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Successful communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Change in swimming timetable </li></ul>
  10. 12. Health Screening of Nauiyu Children 4 -15 years HEALTH ISSUE Mar-06 % Mar-07 % Trachoma follicles 17 18.5 6 8.3 Skin Sores 9 9.8 3 4.2 Ear Nose Throat Referrals 6 6.5 0 0.0 Failed audiometric test 2 2.2 0 0.0 Anemia 2 2.2 11 15.3 Heart abnormalities 0 0.0 0 0.0 Eye test failure 0 0.0 0 0.0 Sample size (75-90% of population) 92 100 72 100
  11. 13. Results – influencing authority <ul><li>Government upgrade of the swimming pool AUD$400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Council funding weekend operations </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed agenda item in council meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Project officer was elected council president in May 2007 </li></ul>
  12. 14. Results – social infrastructure <ul><li>Project steering committee has been expanded to include; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Six community agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent representative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young person representative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is taking a wider role in community recreation and health activities </li></ul><ul><li>Key consultation group for government </li></ul>
  13. 15. Results – community happiness <ul><li>Impact on employment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewarding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Parents are happy about increased use of pool in children </li></ul><ul><li>Project was awarded an Australian Day Honor for best community project in Northern Territory </li></ul>
  14. 16. Desired timetable Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am Lap swimmers Lap swimmers Lap swimmers Lap swimmers Lap swimmers Closed 8.30 – 12.30pm Childcare Child care Aged care Aged care Rehab Recreational swimming 12.30 – 1.30pm Closed Closed Closed Adults Adults Continued 1.30 – 3.30pm School use School use School use School use School use Recreation swimming 3.30 – 4.30pm After school program After school program After school program After school program After school program Recreational program 4.30 – 5.30pm Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Closed 5.30 – 8.00pm Closed Closed Closed Youth Youth Closed
  15. 17. Timetable at commencement Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am 8.30 – 12.30pm Those with a key 12.30 – 1.30pm 1.30 – 3.30pm School 3.30 – 4.30pm Recreation 4.30 – 5.30pm 5.30 – 8.00pm
  16. 18. Timetable as at May 07 Time Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday 6.30 – 8.30am Closed 8.30 – 12.30pm Childcare Child care Aged care – gatherings Aged care – gatherings Rehab Recreational swimming 12.30 – 1.30pm Closed Closed Closed Adults -readiness Adults - readiness Continued 1.30 – 3.30pm School use School use School use School use School use Recreation swimming 3.30 – 4.30pm After school program After school program After school program After school program After school program Recreational program 4.30 – 5.30pm Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Recreational program Closed 5.30 – 8.00pm Closed Closed Closed Youth Youth Closed
  17. 19. Key to success - community driven development <ul><li>The process of developing active and sustainable communities based on social justice and mutual respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Influencing power structures to remove the barriers that prevent people from participating in the issues that affect their lives. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Royal Life Saving Community Development Model
  19. 22. Community engagement
  20. 23. Lessons for lifesaving agencies <ul><li>Recognize the health, social and economic benefits that we enjoy as a result of being part of the lifesaving family. </li></ul><ul><li>Build community capacity through lifesaving in order to impact the big issues in life. </li></ul>
  21. 24. Lessons for lifesaving agencies <ul><li>Community development is not training and certification </li></ul><ul><li>Engage people and other agencies in the identification, development and review of the solution </li></ul><ul><li>Support the little people in a community </li></ul><ul><li>Seek partnerships with diverse agencies </li></ul>
  22. 25. Acknowledgements <ul><li>Nauiyu Traditional Owners </li></ul><ul><li>Nauiyu Community </li></ul><ul><li>Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing </li></ul><ul><li>RLSSA Board and CEO </li></ul><ul><li>RLSSA staff including Betty Sullivan and Richard Franklin </li></ul>

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