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Sustainable Agricultural
Development for
Food Security and
Nutrition:
What Roles for Livestock?
A report by the CFS High L...
2
CFS reform 2009 : 2 key elements
1. CFS IS INCLUSIVE
Governments + civil society, producers, private sector,
intl. organ...
3
Key role of the livestock sector (1)
• Around 1/3 of global agricultural gross
production value
• Most rural households ...
4
Key role of the livestock sector (2)
• Largest user of land resources :
 Pastures = 26 % of global land area
 Pastures...
5
Livestock revolution
By 2050, to meet the expected global increase
in food demand
• Global agricultural production is ex...
6
Health challenges
• One Health approach: better prevent zoonoses
by taking into account the links between human
health, ...
7
Example of agriculture associated AMR
Worried
welled
Hot spots
Cold spots
8
Poor access, avoidable animal death, contributes to
persistent poverty
Africa: every year one in two young
animals and o...
9
Easy access, over-use, contributes to emerging
AMR
10
3 operational principles for SAD:
« Sustainable agricultural development (SAD) is
agricultural development that contrib...
11
Cross-cutting recommendations
1. Elaborate context-specific pathways to SAD for FSN
2. Strengthen integration of livest...
12
Cross-cutting recommendations
6. Limit and manage excessive price volatility
7. Protect, preserve and facilitate the sh...
13
System specific recommendations
11. Recognize the importance of smallholders mixed
farming systems for FSN and support ...
14
Thank you for your attention
For more information about the HLPE and to download the reports,
please visit the HLPE web...
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Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? A report by the CFS High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition

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Presentation by Delia Grace at the 2016 World Water Week, Stockholm, Sweden, 29 August 2016.

Published in: Science
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Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? A report by the CFS High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition

  1. 1. Sustainable Agricultural Development for Food Security and Nutrition: What Roles for Livestock? A report by the CFS High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition 29 August 2016 Delia Grace HLPE Project Team Member
  2. 2. 2 CFS reform 2009 : 2 key elements 1. CFS IS INCLUSIVE Governments + civil society, producers, private sector, intl. organizations (including trade and finance, WTO, IMF), organizations and research systems (CG and national), foundations. 2. CFS IS EVIDENCE-BASED: the HLPE The HLPE is the science-policy interface of the CFS for evidence-based analysis and advice to the CFS, through an inclusive process.
  3. 3. 3 Key role of the livestock sector (1) • Around 1/3 of global agricultural gross production value • Most rural households keep livestock in developing countries (between 44 and 79 % in seven African countries) • In 2010, animal products (excluding fish and seafood) globally produced 16 % of total calories and 31 % of protein. • Beyond ASF, livestock generates co-products and benefits (wool, skin, manure, draught power, store of wealth and safety nets, landscapes…)
  4. 4. 4 Key role of the livestock sector (2) • Largest user of land resources :  Pastures = 26 % of global land area  Pastures + feed crops = 80 % of ag. Land • Major user of water resource, including irrigation for feed crops. • 14.5 % of GHG emissions:  45 %: feed production and processing,  39 %: enteric fermentation of ruminants,  10 %: manure storage and processing, and  6 %: processing/transporting animal products
  5. 5. 5 Livestock revolution By 2050, to meet the expected global increase in food demand • Global agricultural production is expected to increase by 60 % in volume • Global meat production could increase by 76 % (mostly in developing countries) • Global milk production could grow at an annual rate of 1.8 % in developing countries and 0.3 % in developed countries
  6. 6. 6 Health challenges • One Health approach: better prevent zoonoses by taking into account the links between human health, animal health and the environment • Animal diseases (in Africa, 35 highest priority diseases cost USD9 billion a year – 6 % of livestock production value) • Human health  Complex links between ASF, nutrition and health  Food-borne diseases: 420 000 deaths per year, developing countries bear 98 % of the burden. • Antimicrobial resistance
  7. 7. 7 Example of agriculture associated AMR Worried welled Hot spots Cold spots
  8. 8. 8 Poor access, avoidable animal death, contributes to persistent poverty Africa: every year one in two young animals and one in five adult animals die, mostly of preventable disease.
  9. 9. 9 Easy access, over-use, contributes to emerging AMR
  10. 10. 10 3 operational principles for SAD: « Sustainable agricultural development (SAD) is agricultural development that contributes to: • improving resource efficiency, • strengthening resilience, and • securing social equity / responsibility of agriculture and food systems in order to ensure food security and nutrition for all, now and in the future »
  11. 11. 11 Cross-cutting recommendations 1. Elaborate context-specific pathways to SAD for FSN 2. Strengthen integration of livestock in national SAD strategies 3. Foster coherence between sectoral policies and programmes 4. Develop gender-sensitive livestock policies and interventions 5. Better integrate SAD issues for FSN in trade policies
  12. 12. 12 Cross-cutting recommendations 6. Limit and manage excessive price volatility 7. Protect, preserve and facilitate the sharing of livestock genetic resources 8. Improve surveillance and control of livestock diseases 9. Promote research and development 10. Review and improve indicators and methodology and identify data gaps
  13. 13. 13 System specific recommendations 11. Recognize the importance of smallholders mixed farming systems for FSN and support them 12. Recognize and support the unique role of pastoral systems 13. Promote the sustainability of commercial grazing systems 14. Address the specific challenges of intensive livestock systems
  14. 14. 14 Thank you for your attention For more information about the HLPE and to download the reports, please visit the HLPE website at: www.fao.org/cfs/cfs-hlpe

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