What research should we be undertaking?


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A presentation by Richard Jones at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008

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What research should we be undertaking?

  1. 1. What research should we be undertaking? Presented by Richard Jones at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008
  2. 2. Overview <ul><ul><li>Defining disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consequences of disasters on agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What does the CGIAR do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relevance to stressed systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaknesses in our model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How should we adapt? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking about innovation </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Defining disasters <ul><li>Two basic categories (Grunewald, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Man made disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Natural and man made disasters can occur together </li></ul>
  4. 4. Natural disasters <ul><li>Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano eruption </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoons </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunami </li></ul><ul><li>Locust infestation </li></ul><ul><li>Land slides </li></ul><ul><li>Large-scale outbreak of fire </li></ul>
  5. 5. Man made disaster <ul><li>International war </li></ul><ul><li>Political internal war </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Results of refugee influx </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of economic policies </li></ul><ul><li>Political sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Technological disaster </li></ul>
  6. 6. Consequences of disasters on agriculture <ul><li>Natural disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term disruption of agricultural production </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term disruption of agricultural production </li></ul><ul><li>Man made disasters </li></ul><ul><li>As above </li></ul><ul><li>Disruption of institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of knowledge and technical capacity </li></ul>
  7. 7. What does the CGIAR do? <ul><li>The CGIAR Mission </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve sustainable food security and reduce poverty in developing countries through scientific research and research-related activities in the fields of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, policy, and environment </li></ul>
  8. 8. Contd… <ul><li>The CGIAR generates cutting-edge science to foster sustainable agricultural growth that benefits the poor through stronger food security, better human nutrition and health, higher incomes and improved management of natural resources. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What differentiates the CGIAR from others? <ul><li>International public goods (IPG’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Are public goods whose provision or associated benefits spill over national boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>National public goods (NPG’s) </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit only residents in a country </li></ul><ul><li>CGIAR traditionally focuses on development of IPG’s while national agricultural research systems focus on NPG’s </li></ul>
  10. 10. Is this model still relevant? <ul><li>Research and technology dissemination are not linear processes </li></ul><ul><li>IPGs and NPGs are not so easily separated </li></ul><ul><li>Donors are demanding measurable impacts </li></ul><ul><li>IPG’s need to be used and make an impact </li></ul>
  11. 11. Innovation systems <ul><li>Innovation involves the extraction of economic and social value from knowledge. It involves putting ideas, knowledge and technology to work in a manner that brings about a significant improvement in performance. It is not just an idea—but rather it is an idea that has been made to work </li></ul>
  12. 12. Relevance to stressed systems <ul><li>Human capacity, institutions and supporting infrastructure affected </li></ul><ul><li>Without the above generation and application of IPG’s problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional partnership model is difficult because of no partners </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building and institutional development </li></ul><ul><li>What about the short- and medium-term? </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is the way forward? <ul><li>Avoid countries/situations </li></ul><ul><li>Demand for knowledge and technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved in generation of NPG’s </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive and limited capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Seek new partnerships to deploy IPG’s </li></ul><ul><li>How and with whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Restrict interventions to capacity building and institutional development </li></ul><ul><li>Does not address short-term needs </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reconciling demand with our mandate <ul><li>Identify and support technology spillovers </li></ul><ul><li>Engage with new partners but in clearly defined roles </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out action research to learn lessons for more effective interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to the humanitarian literature and shape relief policies </li></ul>