Watershed Conservation-based Market Oriented Commodity                                                                    ...
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Watershed conservation-based market oriented commodity development: A move towards resilient farming?

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Poster prepared by Gebremedhin Woldewahid, Berhanu Gebremedhin, Dirk Hoekstra and Azage Tegegne for Tropentag 2012: Resilience of Agricultural Systems against Crises, Gottingen, Germany, 19-21 September 2012.

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Watershed conservation-based market oriented commodity development: A move towards resilient farming?

  1. 1. Watershed Conservation-based Market Oriented Commodity Development: A Move Towards Resilient Farming? Gebremedhin Woldewahid, Berhanu Gebremedhin, Dirk Hokestra, Azage Tegegne September, 2012 1. Introduction 3. Results Reversing watershed degradation and food insecurity has been one of the major 3.1 Beekeeping challenges in the semi-arid areas of northern Ethiopia where the productivity of rainfed crop-livestock farming is very low. As an entry point, the conservation and enclosure of watersheds resulted in improved runoff retention in the upstream hilly sides, and surface and groundwater enrichment in the downstream of the watersheds. Along the conserved watershed resources gradient, knowledge and skill based market oriented commodity development interventions has been tested to improve the income of farmers. 2. Interventions 2.1 Commodity development and watershed resources gradient Market oriented commodity development integrated in synergy with watershed resources gradient: Beekeeping-upstream hilly sides, sheep fattening-bottomlands and high value 3.2 Sheep fattening irrigated crops-downstream of the watersheds. 60000 60000 Total fattened sheep 50000 50000 Total fattened sheep sold Fattened sheep (number/year) Watershed resources gradient Commodity type Total biomass (t/yr) 40000 40000 Upstream 30000 30000 hilly sides 20000 20000 10000 10000 0 Bottomlands 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0 Traditional Improved Year Management type High value irrigated crops 2.2 Market oriented commodity development along the value chain framework 3.3 High value irrigated crops Watershed Resources Gradient Technical Skill Knowledge Partners Development 4. Conclusion  Knowledge and skill based market oriented commodity development unlocks the use of Commodity conserved watershed resources gradient effectively and efficiently. Development (Value-Chain  The benefits trigger the community to re-invest and protect the watershed resources Framework) wisely.  Improved income was recorded in the intervention watersheds when crops failed and livestock productivity declined in the non-intervention watersheds due to erratic rainfall.  This imply that integrating market oriented commodity development in synergy with the conserved watershed resources gradient provides real income to farmers that is relatively resilient to extreme rainfall variability.Gebremedhin Woldewhidg.woldewahid@cgiar.org, ILRI, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,+251 116 460259, www.ipms-ethiopia.org, www.eap.gov.et, www.ilri.org

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