Vegetable value chain development: interventions and lessons


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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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Vegetable value chain development: interventions and lessons

  1. 1. Vegetable value chain development Interventions and lessons Initial diagnosis Knowledge • Farmers recognized irrigated vegetable’s market management / potential. They also recognized the risks of seasonal price fluctuations Capacity developmentVa l u e c h a i n i n t e r v e n t i o n s • There was limited knowledge and skills on commercial vegetable production system among value chain Ta r g e t i n gInput supply interventions: actors • Women involvement in vegetable production was Entrepreneurial farmers limited to backyard gardens (including women • Irrigation potential was underutilized and there were poor agronomic practices • Inadequate supply of seeds, chemicals and, irrigation equipments Knowledge management / Skill developmentA sustainable vegetable seed production system using local shops to supply to • Weak linkages between producers and other valuefarmers chain actors, and service providers Va l u e c h a i n a c t o r s , s e r v i c e p r o v i d e r s and linkages Access to knowledge / skills through training, study tours, farmer field days with practical learning in the field. Knowledge/Skills Input supply Vegetable seedling production : an services MoA, BoA, OoA Village seed producers addition to women’s backyard activities EARS (Melkassa, Jimma, Private & Coop shops (seeds, to improve livelihoods Adet, Alamata) chemicals, irrigation accessories) Advanced farmers (shared Commercial farms (bulbs) cropping) Commercial seed suppliers CGIAR (IWMI) OoARD, REST,Production interventions: NGOs Knowledge sharing Regional and national arrangements: transfering agricultural exhibitions: a knowledge from skilled to fast and practical means of unskilled farmers. knowledge dissemination Vegetable Producers Additional ICT-supported information /knowledge via Ethiopian Agriculture Portal (EAP) Introduce new varieties to respond to Introduce of furrow irrigation: a means market demands. to save water and reduce impact of Credit Processing / water born diseases Marketing Microfinance institutions Cooperatives union Regional marketing agencies NGOs/ projects (lenders/ BoA (Regulation - Certification funders) Cooperatives Traders TradersSprinkler irrigation for farmers who canafford higher investment New agronomic methods (double row planting) Lessons and challenges • Knowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including womenProcessing / Marketing interventions • Farmer-to-farmer knowledge sharing was common in most Districts, often as a result of sharecropping arrangements • Irrigated vegetable production can be expanded through more efficient use of available water resources (e.g. conversion from cereals to vegetables) and introducing efficient water use methods • Successful production interventions include use of improved varieties, staggered planting and pest management • Market failure and adverse climatic conditions are examples of risks facing farmers. Therefore, better risk Create linkages with market actors Stimulate cooperatives and private management mechanisms and better market information systems are types of services that can attract more sector partners to use effective storage facilities to increase the shelf farmers into vegetable production life of perishable vegetables • Private farmers, including women, can profitably produce seeds for onion producers in the District. To scale out sale of seed beyond the District requires involvement of regional authorities to ensure quality • Women farmers can easily engage in vegetable seedling production since it requires little land • Private sector involvement in sale and maintenance of irrigation equipment can accelerate the development of irrigated vegetable production. Credit availability may play a part in this endeavor • District level market interventions such as improved market information, creating diversified linkages between producers and traders, and producing in bulk (through collective action) bring positive results • Agro chemicals used on irrigated vegetable production can have negative effects on apiculture development. Bulking of produce to attract big Apiculture can benefit from flowers of irrigated vegetables traders • Increased use of water for irrigated vegetable production can trigger water scarcity. Appropriate assessments and regulatory measures can mitigate the problem This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. P r o d u c e d b y I L R I K M I S J u n e 2 0 11