Value chain assessment from an animal health                 perspective                     Fred Unger (ILRI)   CGIAR Liv...
 Vet Epidemiology – AH   – Disease detection, mitigation, prevention & prediction   – Tools:   Statistics & epidemiologic...
VCA from AH perspective – general comments– Key questions to be answered:   • Who has most to gain or lose related to miti...
VCA from AH perspective - ApproachPig VC Work Vietnam– Human health risks and economic costs of smallholder pig diseases– ...
VCA from AH perspective - Approach Review (year 1)   Tools: Official/grey literature & projects   Outputs: Currently AH c...
VCA from AH perspective - Approach       In-depth assessment (integrated disease risk and economic survey)        (year 1...
VCA from AH perspective         Pig VC Vietnam - ChallengesDifferent constraints - different actors involved & perceptions...
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Value chain assessment from an animal health perspective

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Presented by Fred Unger at the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish Value Chain Development Team Meeting, Nairobi, 5-8 March 2012

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Value chain assessment from an animal health perspective

  1. 1. Value chain assessment from an animal health perspective Fred Unger (ILRI) CGIAR Livestock and Fish Value Chain Development Team Meeting, Nairobi, 5-8 March 2012
  2. 2.  Vet Epidemiology – AH – Disease detection, mitigation, prevention & prediction – Tools: Statistics & epidemiological parameters: sample size, statistical differences, correlations, prevalence‘s, case fatality, odds ratios – Challenge: • Product flows, drivers, profitability, incentives • Variety of stakeholders (people, groups and organisations) in livestock production and marketing systems • Different perceptions of the same risk • May be affected in different ways (traders vs. producers) • May react in different ways 2
  3. 3. VCA from AH perspective – general comments– Key questions to be answered: • Who has most to gain or lose related to mitigation efforts • Which processes within the chain carry risk for disease spread, what are their relative contributions to overall risk • Where are the ‘risk hotspots’(e.g. for disease spread) • When in the year are the high risk times (e.g. Ted, Ramadan) • Where and when should prevention & control measures be targeted (identification of critical control points)? • Policy environment (regulation-enforcement) 3
  4. 4. VCA from AH perspective - ApproachPig VC Work Vietnam– Human health risks and economic costs of smallholder pig diseases– What are the critical points / opportunities for risk management– Mitigations which benefit small holder pig sector and “poor” consumerProject site: 2 project sites 3 VC gradients (rural-rural, rural-peri-urban, peri-urban)Suggested approach• Review (Yr 1) Rapid assessment (Yr 1) In-depth assessment (Yr 1 & 2) Interventions (Yr 3 - ...) Dissemination (Yr 4 - 5) 4
  5. 5. VCA from AH perspective - Approach Review (year 1) Tools: Official/grey literature & projects Outputs: Currently AH constraint – list of important pathogens Surveillance, policies What has worked and what has not Challenge: several hundred pathogens including zoonoses & FBD How to reasonable scale it down to 1-3 Different perception on AH constraints (e.g. Small holder versus large scale, latter perhaps favourites by governments) Rapid assessment (year 1) Tools: FGD, interviews, observations, check list Outputs: Diseases of concerns - key AH constraints (reduced to 2-3) Description of situation, basic flows and actors involved Basic pathways mapped First idea on possible intervention opportunities 5
  6. 6. VCA from AH perspective - Approach  In-depth assessment (integrated disease risk and economic survey) (year 1 & 2) Tools: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, producer + other actors Biological sampling, FGD, questionnaires, check list ... (aligned with Public Health and socio-economics) Target: Producers, slaughterhouses (spot check and over time) Veterinary health workers (disease reports) Outputs: Disease impact (prevalence, mortality, treatment costs, indirect/direct losses...) Detailed risk pathways/risk assessment, control points, Set of promising interventions (Having in mind what worked and what has not)  Interventions (Yr 3 onwards)  Set of intervention packages  Randomised control trials aligned WTP, WTC • 6
  7. 7. VCA from AH perspective Pig VC Vietnam - ChallengesDifferent constraints - different actors involved & perceptions – Production constraints Feed supply (input sector and producer) Production disease (producer, life animal trader, input system) – Zoonoses ) However, perhaps not From farm to fork ) attractive for producer, – FBD ) as productivity still Entire chain, farm to fork ) reasonable (input sector/producer) – slaughterhouse - trader – consumer 7

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