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Tuberculosis Prevention, treatment and control

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Poster prepared by Hiwot Desta, September 2018

Published in: Science
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Tuberculosis Prevention, treatment and control

  1. 1. Tuberculosis Prevention, treatment and control TUBERCULOSIS Tuberculosis is a serious disease that affects animals and humans. It is caused by a germ (bacteria) called Mycobacterium. Some germs affect only humans, but others affect both animals and humans. Infected humans can show: • Fever • Coughing • Night sweat • Loss of appetite • Weight loss • Abdominal pain • Diarrhea Infected animals can show: • Thin bodies • Weakness • Loss of appetite • Pneumonia with cough • Lymph nodes may be enlarged TBinfectedcow TBinfectedanimal Transmission through drinking raw milk and milk products Transmission through direct contact and inhalation How to behave if you suspect your animals are infected • Treating of animals suffering from tuberculosis IS NOT A GOOD IDEA • Consult an animal health expert in your area. • The BEST option is sending the animals for slaughter • Separate the suspected animal from the rest of the animals in your herd How to avoid becoming infected with tuberculosis from your animals • COOK you meat well before eating • BOIL your milk before drinking and before preparing yoghurt and other products • Don’t get in close contact with infected animals or their meat • Always wash and disinfect hands after working with animals or animal products Hiwot Desta h.desta@cgiar.org ● Box 5689 Addis Ababa Ethiopia ● +251 116 17 22 23 Addis Ababa Ethiopia ● ilri.org How humans get the disease Human can get tuberculosis from people or animals with tuberculosis: • Drinking raw (not boiled) or contaminated milk and milk products • Eating raw (uncooked) meat from animals with tuberculosis • Touching infected animals and their bodies during slaughter • Inhaling (breathing) the bacteria from infected animal • Infected human can transmit tuberculosis to a healthy human through cough and sneeze. From ANIMALS From PEOPLE Avoid tuberculosis in your herd and your family. Consult your doctor if you suspect you have tuberculosis! Infected people that don’t get treatment can die! TB infected person This poster is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (September 2018) ILRI thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund

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