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Why invest in livestock-based options 
for livelihoods, healthy lives and a 
sustainable environment ? 
Modibo Tiemoko TRA...
OUTLINE 
• LIVESTOCK CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY 
• LIVESTOCK SECTOR IN THE ECONOMY OF AFRICAN COUNTRIES 
• INVES...
Prevalence of undernourishment 
30 
25 
20 
15 
10 
5 
0 
world developed 
regions 
developing 
regions 
Africa Asia Latin...
Hunger distribution 2012/2014 
• Developed regions 01.8% 
• Southern Asia 34.3% 
• SSA (214M) 26.6% 
• LAC 04.6% 
• SE Asi...
CONTRIBUTION OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR 
Development 
stage 
%agric in 
GDP 
%livestock in 
agric GDP 
Demand for 
livestock prod...
Average daily consumption per capita of livestock 
protein compared to safe level in 2005 
• Africa 9.9 17% 
• Americas 45...
Africa’s meat and milk trade position
% change in global demand for livestock products: 2000– 
2030 
180 
160 
140 
120 
100 
80 
60 
40 
20 
0 
milk beef mutto...
By 2050 we will need huge amounts 
of cereals, dairy and meat 
1bn tonnes more 
cereals to 2050 
1bn tonnes 
dairy each ye...
Various sources: 
BMGF, FAO and ILRI 
Smallholders still dominate 
livestock production in many countries 
Region 
(defini...
Much of the world’s livestock food comes from 
small mixed farms in developing countries 
Developing-country 
mixed crop-l...
INVESTING TO ADDRESS CHALLENGES FOR AN ENHANCED CONTRIBUTION 
OF LIVESTOCK SUB SECTOR TO FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMS AND 
SUSTA...
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Why invest in livestock-based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and a sustainable environment?

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Keynote Address by Modibo Traore (FAO) at the ILRI@40 Conference on livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives, Nairobi, Kenya, 1 October 2014

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Why invest in livestock-based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and a sustainable environment?

  1. 1. Why invest in livestock-based options for livelihoods, healthy lives and a sustainable environment ? Modibo Tiemoko TRAORE (FAO) Keynote Address at the ILRI@40 Conference on livestock-based options for sustainable food and nutritional security, economic well-being and healthy lives, Nairobi, Kenya, 1 October 2014
  2. 2. OUTLINE • LIVESTOCK CONTRIBUTION TO GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY • LIVESTOCK SECTOR IN THE ECONOMY OF AFRICAN COUNTRIES • INVESTING TO ADDRESS CHALLENGES FOR AN ENHANCED CONTRIBUTION OF LIVESTOCK SUB SECTOR TO FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMS AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION • ROLE OF LIVESTOCK RESEARCH IN PROMOTING INVESTMENTS
  3. 3. Prevalence of undernourishment 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 world developed regions developing regions Africa Asia Latin America 1990-92 2005-07 2012-14 From: FAO 2014. The state of food insecurity in the World
  4. 4. Hunger distribution 2012/2014 • Developed regions 01.8% • Southern Asia 34.3% • SSA (214M) 26.6% • LAC 04.6% • SE Asia 07.9% • Western Asia 02.3% From: FAO 2014. The state of food insecurity in the World
  5. 5. CONTRIBUTION OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR Development stage %agric in GDP %livestock in agric GDP Demand for livestock products Smallholder roles Agricultural 30-50 15-45 Rural and urban poor – small quantities Smallholders competitive; informal markets Transforming 15-25 18-50 Increased quantity demanded Urbanized 6-9 30-50 Quantity but especially quality demands Complex value chains; vertical coordination; smallholders not competitive unless where labour and inputs benefit
  6. 6. Average daily consumption per capita of livestock protein compared to safe level in 2005 • Africa 9.9 17% • Americas 45.3 78% • Asia 16.6 29% • Europe 47.7 82% • Oceania 56.8 98%
  7. 7. Africa’s meat and milk trade position
  8. 8. % change in global demand for livestock products: 2000– 2030 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 milk beef mutton pork poultry meat eggs FAO 2011 %
  9. 9. By 2050 we will need huge amounts of cereals, dairy and meat 1bn tonnes more cereals to 2050 1bn tonnes dairy each year 460m tonnes meat each year
  10. 10. Various sources: BMGF, FAO and ILRI Smallholders still dominate livestock production in many countries Region (definition of ‘smallholder’) % production by smallholder livestock farms Beef Chicken meat Sheep/goat meat Milk Pork Eggs East Africa (≤ 6 milking animals) 60-90 Bangladesh (< 3ha land) 65 77 78 65 77 India (< 2ha land) 75 92 92 69 71 Vietnam (small scale) 80 Philippines (backyard) 50 35
  11. 11. Much of the world’s livestock food comes from small mixed farms in developing countries Developing-country mixed crop-livestock systems, most of them smallholders, supply much of the world’s livestock products Herrero et al. 2009
  12. 12. INVESTING TO ADDRESS CHALLENGES FOR AN ENHANCED CONTRIBUTION OF LIVESTOCK SUB SECTOR TO FOOD SECURITY PROGRAMS AND SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION • Promoting sustainable intensification of small-holder production systems to improve availability of and access to animal food • Promoting decent job creation for Youth upstream and downstream the production segment to improve productivity, marketing and processing (food quality and safety)- • Fighting wide spread malnutrition by promoting sustainable diets based on strategic introduction of locally produced animal food in school feeding programs and other public feeding schemes- • Creating conducive environment to unlock livestock potential in the Region and reduce reliance on food imports to meet regional demands in animal products (regional market, extension of production zones to tsetse infested areas).

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