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Training on Integrated Management of Endemic Diseases to
upgrade the Smallholder Pig Value Chain in Uganda
Dione, M.M., Pe...
Importance of Pig Production in Uganda
Pig production- a dynamic and rapidly growing sector in Uganda. In the past
three d...
Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development (SPVCD)
Project Approach
A Value Chain Approach to transform subsistence
level pig...
Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development (SPVCD)
Project Methodology
• Stakeholder Consultation
• GIS Study on Targeting Sm...
Uganda smallholder pig value chain map (Ouma et al., 2014 slightly
modified)
Production systems
• Confinement in corrals in the
urban and peri-urban (
• Free-range and tethering in the
rural area, es...
Constraints related to disease control
- High disease burden
(Swine fever and
parasites)
- Lack of knowledge on
pig manage...
Knowledge gaps in pig management,
disease control and marketing
• Biosecurity measures during outbreaks of ASF
• How and w...
Training Modules for Facilitators: Learning
Processes in Pig Value Chains
• Local experts develop the modules with
support...
Capacity Development Tools
(1) Training manuals
- African swine fever
- Pig management
- Parasites control
- Pig feeding s...
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of the
module, the participants will be able to:
• Describe the clinical sign...
Expected outcomes
Upon completion of this module, participants
will be able to:
• Describe their pig keeping systems and
h...
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of the
module, the farmers should be able
to:
• Understand how parasites are
...
Pig marketing and institutional
strengthening
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of the
module, the participants...
Pig business planning and financial
management
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of this
module, farmers and sm...
Pig feeding strategies
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of the
module, participants should be able to:
• Ident...
Boar selection and management:
Expected outcomes
Upon successful completion of the
module, participants should be able
to:...
Follow up steps
• Field testing and validation
• Scaling out
• Monitoring and evaluation
Acknowledgments
IFAD/EU
Training manual consultants
Local Governments of Masaka, Mukono and
Kamuli
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Training on management of endemic diseases for pig value chains in Uganda

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Presented by Dione, M.M., Pezo, D., Ouma, E.A., Roesel, K., Brandes D. and Kawuma, B. at the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Livelihoods and Health in Africa, Kampala, Uganda, 18-19 June 2015.

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Training on management of endemic diseases for pig value chains in Uganda

  1. 1. Training on Integrated Management of Endemic Diseases to upgrade the Smallholder Pig Value Chain in Uganda Dione, M.M., Pezo, D., Ouma, E.A., Roesel, K., Brandes D., and Kawuma, B. The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Livelihoods and Health in Africa 18-19 June 2015 Kampala, Uganda
  2. 2. Importance of Pig Production in Uganda Pig production- a dynamic and rapidly growing sector in Uganda. In the past three decades increased from 0.19 to 3.2 million pigs (UBOS, 2009; FAO, 2011). Uganda has the highest per capita consumption (3.4 kg/person/year) in the region -10 times increase in the last 30 years, whereas beef is declining (FAO, 2011)
  3. 3. Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development (SPVCD) Project Approach A Value Chain Approach to transform subsistence level pig keeping into a more competitive business offering superior and safe pork to consumers. It will help to reduce poverty and enhance food security for poor households, while preserving community natural resources (SPVCD, 2012)
  4. 4. Smallholder Pig Value Chain Development (SPVCD) Project Methodology • Stakeholder Consultation • GIS Study on Targeting Smallholder Pig Value Chains in Uganda • Situational Analysis of the Pig Sector in Uganda • Participatory Outcome Mapping and Site Selection • Value chain toolkit development • Value Chain Assessment (VCA) • Benchmarking surveys • Best-bets intervention selection • Testing and validation of best-bets • Scaling up and out of the interventions
  5. 5. Uganda smallholder pig value chain map (Ouma et al., 2014 slightly modified)
  6. 6. Production systems • Confinement in corrals in the urban and peri-urban ( • Free-range and tethering in the rural area, especially during dry season • More local and crossed breeds in rural as compared to urban Main constraints: - Low productivity of local pigs - Lack of financial capacity - Lack of knowledge on pig management - Poor records keeping • 70-75% of the diet is crop residues, forages and kitchen leftovers • Most used crop residues are: sweet potato vines, cassava and yam leaves Main constraints : - Fodder shortages during dry season - High cost of commercial feeds - Poor quality of purchased feeds Health delivery actors are mostly veterinary paraprofessionals. Main constraints: - Poor implementation of quality assurance of products especially drugs and regulation - Poor logistics for communication between farmers and service providers - Poor drug handling by farmers and self-medication - Counter fake drugs found in the market - Poor surveillance and diagnostic capacities Keeping types Feeding systems Input supply (treatment, advisory services)
  7. 7. Constraints related to disease control - High disease burden (Swine fever and parasites) - Lack of knowledge on pig management - Poor keeping systems - Poor feed quality and feeding strategies - Weak biosecurity measures - No movement control of pigs - Trading of sick animals - Lack of inspection of live pigs - Inadequate transport means - Poor biosecurity during trading - Poor disposal of pig waste at abattoirs and slaughter slabs - Poor pork handling practices - Poor handling of meat after slaughter - Proper meat inspection is lacking - Lack of hygiene at pork joints - Inadequate disposal of food waste (bones) Production Trading Processing Consumption Constraints related to public health
  8. 8. Knowledge gaps in pig management, disease control and marketing • Biosecurity measures during outbreaks of ASF • How and when to report a disease in the pig population • Proper deworming regimes • Best management package to maximize on productivity (feeding, health, breeding) • Boar selection and biosecurity during breeding • Marketing and bargaining power • Skills in collective action
  9. 9. Training Modules for Facilitators: Learning Processes in Pig Value Chains • Local experts develop the modules with support of ILRI team (technical, instructional design, etc.). • Training of trainers on how to deliver innovative interventions to service providers, farmers and other actors. • Testing of training modules with facilitators and partners • Development of approach for delivering the training package to target population (BRAC, ADINA FARM, PPM, etc…)
  10. 10. Capacity Development Tools (1) Training manuals - African swine fever - Pig management - Parasites control - Pig feeding strategies - Strategic use of local feed resources - Business planning, financial management and improved access to markets (2) Fact sheets on biosecurity Fact sheets on biosecurity Producers Traders/Brokers/ Transporters Butchers Input suppliers ILRI Local Government MAIIF Farm Gain AFID ILRI US VWB - Training manual of pig slaughtering and pork handling - Fact sheets on biosecurity ILRI US VWB NALIRRI MAAIF Fact sheets on biosecurity ILRI US VWB Completed On-going On-going On-going The capacity development package is expected to help farmers and other value chain actors improve their practices, and enhance their business skills for increased productivity of their pig enterprise
  11. 11. Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of the module, the participants will be able to: • Describe the clinical signs associated to African swine fever • Understand how biosecurity measures can protect their pigs from disease • Understand the importance of controlling pig movement • Demonstrate willingness to report, and understand the value of early reporting and management of African swine fever African swine fever
  12. 12. Expected outcomes Upon completion of this module, participants will be able to: • Describe their pig keeping systems and husbandry improvements they should make • Determine the appropriate pig housing requirements that match their production systems and productivity improvement needs • Integrate better management skills on their farms • Use the sow calendar as a key management tool of pregnant sows • Practice effective record keeping Pig management
  13. 13. Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of the module, the farmers should be able to: • Understand how parasites are transmitted to pigs • Identify sick pigs due to parasite infestations • Apply preventive measures to reduce parasite levels • Understand treatment regimes for common parasite infestation cases in Uganda with the advise of a health worker Parasite control in pigs
  14. 14. Pig marketing and institutional strengthening Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of the module, the participants should: • Have knowledge of basic marketing concepts • Be able to identify market opportunities • Develop plans for marketing pigs, piglets, and pork products • Engage in institutional arrangements for pig marketing • Mobilise participation and commitment in collective marketing
  15. 15. Pig business planning and financial management Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of this module, farmers and smallholder pig entrepreneurs should be able to: • Prepare a bankable business plan for their pig enterprise • Identify potential financial sources with knowledge of the advantages and disadvantages of each • Apply appropriate financial management skills to their pig enterprises
  16. 16. Pig feeding strategies Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of the module, participants should be able to: • Identify the limitations of local feed resources • Describe pig nutrient requirements at different stages or physiological states • Mix different feeds to meet the nutrient requirements of pigs • Implement strategic supplementation to enhance pig performance • Make better use of water
  17. 17. Boar selection and management: Expected outcomes Upon successful completion of the module, participants should be able to: • Know the importance of traits and the most common breeds in Uganda • Select a good boar for breeding • Apply effective biosecurity measures when breeding • Apply good boar management practices
  18. 18. Follow up steps • Field testing and validation • Scaling out • Monitoring and evaluation
  19. 19. Acknowledgments IFAD/EU Training manual consultants Local Governments of Masaka, Mukono and Kamuli

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