Technical, organizational and institutional arrangements for effective delivery of oestrus synchronization program<br />Az...
Planning - Technical steps<br />Defining needs, purpose and goal<br />Team formation – multi-disciplinary, multi-instituti...
Technical steps in site selection<br />Opportunities for commodity development <br />Community participation - Central<br ...
Technical steps in animal selection<br />Age <br />Parity<br />Body condition score <br />Heart girth measurement<br />Pre...
Some features in Zebu cattle  <br />Cervix and uterus are small or cervix is large and tortuous and almost impossible to p...
Organizational Issues<br />Team composition and formation<br />Defining roles and responsibilities<br />Proper planning<br...
Some equipment and supplies for field operation<br />Transport, tent, mattress  and sleeping bags<br />Kitchen utensils an...
Technical Issues<br />Equipment and Supplies<br />Semen selection – breed, genotype level, <br />Check semen quality – mot...
Design - Animal handling facility<br />
Organizational Issues<br />Team formation – skills, experience, knowledge, training<br />Team harmonization – Set clear un...
With the community<br />Effective communication – purpose, steps, expectations, outcomes, etc<br />Involve leaders, elders...
During…<br />Plan all activities<br />Team building and team work<br />Roles and responsibilities and multi-tasking<br />E...
Post synchronization<br />Bull separation<br />Oestrus detection <br />Insemination program – time, timing, location, etc<...
Key Lessons<br />Capacity building – multidisciplinary regional teams<br />Proper Planning – commodity development<br />En...
The Way Forward<br />Sound policy and strategy - Develop integrated and coordinated capacity across the whole spectrum of ...
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Technical, organizational and institutional arrangements for effective delivery of oestrus synchronization program

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Presented by Azage Tegegne at the IPMS Workshop on Alternatives for Improving Field AI Delivery System to Enhance Beef and Dairy Production in Ethiopia, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 24-25 August 2011

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Technical, organizational and institutional arrangements for effective delivery of oestrus synchronization program

  1. 1. Technical, organizational and institutional arrangements for effective delivery of oestrus synchronization program<br />Azage Tegegne<br />IPMS Workshop on Alternatives for Improving Field AI Delivery System to Enhance Beef and Dairy Production in Ethiopia<br />ILRI, Addis Ababa, 24-25 August 2011<br />
  2. 2. Planning - Technical steps<br />Defining needs, purpose and goal<br />Team formation – multi-disciplinary, multi-institutional<br />Criteria for commodity devpt – population, feed , input supply, markets, institutional support, etc<br />Commodity development locations – GIS maps for milk shed (milk, butter), beef production<br />Selection of sites and farmers – rural, peri-urban, urban, capability, feed, housing, market, etc<br />Selection and identification of cows – breed, age, body condition score, pregnancy status, reproductive history, reproductive diseases, palpation (uterus and ovarian functions) <br />Record keeping – PA, name of farmer, house number, animal name or ID, treatment, AI, etc<br />Organization of program and communication<br />Implementing the field program<br />Post implementation follow-up and evaluation<br />Data collection, handling, analysis and write-up<br />
  3. 3. Technical steps in site selection<br />Opportunities for commodity development <br />Community participation - Central<br />Accessibility <br />Availability of animal handling facility<br />
  4. 4. Technical steps in animal selection<br />Age <br />Parity<br />Body condition score <br />Heart girth measurement<br />Pregnancy status<br />Lactation status<br />Reproductive disorders and diseases<br />Presence of corpus luteum<br />
  5. 5. Some features in Zebu cattle <br />Cervix and uterus are small or cervix is large and tortuous and almost impossible to penetrate with a catheter in some cows<br />Because of the slope of the vulva cows tend to blow up in the rectum <br />In older cows the uterus is often large and pendulous making it difficult to palpate<br />It is often difficult to pick up an ovary and locate the CL <br />Often the uterus is coiled and some cows have nervous disposition making AI difficult. <br />Some cows jump and others lay down during AI<br />Oestrus is short and behavioural signs are poor making oestrus detection difficult<br />Time of insemination is different - Inseminate with one straw of semen each at 12 hours and 20 hours after standing heat<br />
  6. 6. Organizational Issues<br />Team composition and formation<br />Defining roles and responsibilities<br />Proper planning<br />Financing, DSA, transport, support, communication, vet support, supplies<br />Organizational culture, norms, behaviours, etc – eg. DSA, vehicle, team work, incentives<br />
  7. 7. Some equipment and supplies for field operation<br />Transport, tent, mattress and sleeping bags<br />Kitchen utensils and supplies - stove, cooking utensils, plates, food, water, coffee, tissue paper, etc Light/torch, dry cell batteries, matches, waste basket<br />Electric generator, petrol, portable fridge, Fist Aid Kit and some drugs, repair kit<br />Working table, chairs, label, marker, ear tag and applicator, ear tag marker, Pen/pencil, record sheets, clip board, stickers<br />Semen, liquid nitrogen, AI equipment – glover, scissors, AI gun, sheath, forceps<br />Supplies –hormones, bails, syringes, needles , alcohol , gauze, boots, apron, etc<br />
  8. 8. Technical Issues<br />Equipment and Supplies<br />Semen selection – breed, genotype level, <br />Check semen quality – motility, concentration<br />Ensure availability of equipment and supplies – syringes, ear tags<br />Animal Handling facility – Safety first, location, convenience, design, shade, working area<br />
  9. 9. Design - Animal handling facility<br />
  10. 10. Organizational Issues<br />Team formation – skills, experience, knowledge, training<br />Team harmonization – Set clear understanding of the purpose, objectives, and expected outputs of the program<br />Team leadership – programming, breeding plan and objectives, value chain development, actors and stakeholder<br />Logistic support<br />Appointment timing and management – not all in one go – inefficiency, long waiting time, intolerance, animal stress, confusion <br />
  11. 11. With the community<br />Effective communication – purpose, steps, expectations, outcomes, etc<br />Involve leaders, elders, etc<br />Awareness creation at various levels – Leaders, experts, DAs, , AI techs, farmers<br />Community mobilization<br />Training – purpose, animal management, reproductive cycle, oestrus detection, bull separation, feeding, etc<br />Defining roles and responsibilities – farmers, experts, AI techs, DAs, Administration <br />Define timing of breeding and calving<br />Arrangement for commodity development (feed, input supply, health and AI services, milk handling, processing, marketing) <br />
  12. 12. During…<br />Plan all activities<br />Team building and team work<br />Roles and responsibilities and multi-tasking<br />Equipment and field supplies, financing<br />Program – experts, farmers, turns, confusion, etc <br />Implementation – time, ID, organization <br />Record keeping<br />Food and water<br />Leadership, coordination and communication<br />
  13. 13. Post synchronization<br />Bull separation<br />Oestrus detection <br />Insemination program – time, timing, location, etc<br />Preference to use natural mating <br />Preference to use own bull<br />Repeat breeders<br />Pregnancy diagnosis – mobilization, timing, program<br />Fear of abortion after palpation for pregnancy<br />Sale of pregnant cows – higher value<br />Fear of disease transmission<br />
  14. 14. Key Lessons<br />Capacity building – multidisciplinary regional teams<br />Proper Planning – commodity development<br />Ensure necessary finance, equipment and supplies for the team and safe and efficient field operation<br />Leadership - team formation, clear roles and responsibilities, accountability, non-inclusiveness<br />Awareness creation and community mobilization<br />Facilities – animals handling, lab, equipment, etc<br />Technical, organizational & institutional arrangements<br />The technology is a means; not an end by itself!!<br />Synchronization ≠ milk or meat!!!<br />
  15. 15. The Way Forward<br />Sound policy and strategy - Develop integrated and coordinated capacity across the whole spectrum of biotechnology <br />Define roles and responsibilities of research and development organizations and the private sector <br />Invest and take strategic alliances and cooperation with many actors, including the private sector<br />We may have a ‘Research Strategy’…but consider more in investing on ‘Strategic Research’<br />
  16. 16. Thank You!<br />

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