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Scaling sheep in Ethiopia

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Presented by Jane Wamatu at the FAO-ILRI Regional Training Workshop on Proven Livestock Technologies, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 3-5 December 2018

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Scaling sheep in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Scaling sheep in Ethiopia Jane Wamatu International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas (ICARDA) FAO-ILRI Regional Training Workshop on Proven Livestock Technologies, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 3 -5 December 2018
  2. 2. icarda.org 2 Scaling Ambition & Approach Ambition By 2021, ICARDA in collaboration with National partners aims to increase adoption of feeding strategies for sheep fattening in the highlands of Ethiopia from 5000 to 20,000 HH to increase incomes and youth employment for enhanced livelihoods. Approach Progressive expansion of a network of benchmark sites in form of sheep fattening youth cooperatives and on-farm model farmers (champions) as disseminators of improved sheep fattening technologies and practices; and facilitators of participatory learning.
  3. 3. icarda.org 3 Scaling Ambition Ambition By 2021, ICARDA in collaboration with National partners aims to increase adoption of feeding strategies for sheep fattening in the highlands of Ethiopia from 5000 to 20,000 HH to increase incomes and youth employment for enhanced livelihoods.  Where?  How many?  By whom?  When?  Why? Components of a Scaling Ambition
  4. 4. icarda.org 4 Components Empowered sheep farming communities SF practices & technologies Farmer’s knowledge Champion farmers Youth cooperatives Regional plans and policies Local and private institutions  To scale up adoption of improved sheep fattening technology and practices sustainably through implementation of benchmark sites (sheep fattening youth cooperatives and model champion farmers) in 75 villages, implemented at a rate of 25 villages per annum in 3 regions; Amhara, Oromia and SNNPR. • To develop and strengthen business and institutional models on the approach. • To consolidate and strengthen converging partnerships. Objectives
  5. 5. icarda.org 5 Sheep Fattening Components of the package  Short-term sheep fattening  Ration formulation  Management practices which include: • Age to begin fattening • Castration • Vaccination • Use of feed troughs • Use of watering troughs • Use of clean water
  6. 6. icarda.org 6 Sheep Fattening Components of the package  Short-term sheep fattening  Ration formulation  Management practices which include: • Age to begin fattening • Castration • Vaccination • Use of feed troughs • Use of watering troughs • Use of clean water
  7. 7. icarda.org 7 Age to begin fattening Breed Initial age ADG SE Bonga 6-8 100.0a 8.8 9-10 85.4a 4.9 11-12 88.9a 19.7 Doyogena 6-8 71.5a 8.8 9-10 86.5ab 4.9 11-12 94.7b 19.7 Horro 6-8 104.6a 13.3 9-10 89.8a 4.9 11-12 93.5a 10.3 Menz 9-10 60.9b 11.7 11-12 140.2a 15.2
  8. 8. icarda.org 8 Baseline Assessments/Evidence  Small ruminant value chain for Ethiopia. 2012-2013.  Characterization of the livestock production systems and the potential of feed-based interventions for improving livestock productivity.  Characterization of sheep fattening practices at small holder level in different agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia. MSc. 2016  Characterization of sheep fattening cooperatives in Ethiopia. MSc. 2016  Urban and Peri-Urban Sheep Fattening in Ethiopia: Status, Challenges and Opportunities. MSc. 2016  On farm sheep fattening: Modification of Feeding Practices to improve fattening performance in Community-based sheep breeding sites in Ethiopia Phase I (2014) Phase II (2016)  Understanding farmers’ intention to adopt improved sheep fattening practices using the theory of planned behavior
  9. 9. icarda.org 9 Implementation Mobilization and sensitization of stakeholders Develop and strengthen business and institutional models Consolidate and strength converging partnerships • Forming partnerships, building trust; buy-ins to a common approach • Identification, profiling and mapping of benchmark sites • Site-specific portfolio of SF interventions • Capacity development • Advocacy and awareness raising for buy-ins from public and private sector • Formation of community of Practice*
  10. 10. icarda.org 10 Institutional set-up/arrangements x IFAD CRP Livestock TAAT CBBP Youth cooperatives Champion farmers ICARDA NARS CBBP Public sector Private sector NGOs Smallholderfarmers
  11. 11. icarda.org 11 Private Sector Engagement Technology Private sector involvement Type of Involvement Feed supplements (concentrates and mineral mix) Retailers and suppliers Indirect as a supplier of concentrates and mineral mix Husbandry Retailers and suppliers Indirect as suppliers of veterinary drugs, husbandry tools & equipment Sustainable value chain NGO Direct through Youth cooperatives (strengthen existing or formation of new YCs) Micro-financing Microfinance institutions Direct through provision of loans to farmers (government identified insurance company in each region) Livestock insurance Insurance companies Direct through provision of insurance to farmers (government identified insurance company in each region)
  12. 12. icarda.org 12 Success factors  Sheep are a major source of livelihood in the respective production systems  Targetted breeds have high growth and fattening potential  Model farmers are within the CBBP context  Enabling environment: Aligned with Government initiatives • Within the strategy of Ministry of Livestock’s strategy to improve farmers’ incomes through livestock fattening (Ethiopian Livestock Master Plan 2015-2020) • Within the strategy of Ministry of Cooperative Promotion’s to harness youth employment.  Focus: is on a basket of synergistic options, rather than on a single technology. Pull-factors  Market linkages  Improved feed and forage options  Availability of feed supplements (protein and energy sources)  Knowledge/awareness creation/training
  13. 13. icarda.org 13 Scaling Ingredients! How confident are you that you will reach your scaling ambition, considering the current status and planned activities of your project? Interpretation of the scores: 1 = Very poor, uncertain, unknown 2 = Major challenges, major risk for failure 3 = Some grip, significant improvements needed 4 = Good grip, some improvements desirable 5 = More or less under control / up to standards
  14. 14. icarda.org 14 Scaling barrel
  15. 15. icarda.org 15 Scaling Scoring 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Technology/ practice Awareness and demand Business cases Value chain Finance Knowledge and skills Collaboration Evidence and learning Leadership and management Public sector governance
  16. 16. icarda.org 16 The Feed Assessment Tool - FEAST https://www.ilri.org/feast
  17. 17. icarda.org 17 Components of the FEAST Tool • Overview of Farming System • Description of the Livestock Production System • Major Problems, Issues and Opportunities within the livestock system PRA Exercise • Quantitative Information on crop-livestock production, feed availability, feeding rations • Qualitative Information - perception on feed Individual Farmer Survey • Enter data into FEAST Template • Based on result, develop ideas for Intervention Data Analysis & Developing Interventions
  18. 18. Components of the FEAST Tool
  19. 19. icarda.org 19 Examples of Results of the FEAST Tool
  20. 20. icarda.org 20 Examples of Results of the FEAST Tool
  21. 21. icarda.org 21 Example of Results of the FEAST Tool
  22. 22. What is your main problem Feed
  23. 23. icarda.org 23 Feed Technologies
  24. 24. icarda.org 24  Ration: It refers to all feeds given to animals within one day (24 hours)  Balanced ration: A balanced ration is achieved when the feeds consumed by animals during the day meet all needs of the animals  Unbalanced ration: It refers to intake of less or more than the required amount of nutrients in the feed consumed by animals during the day Ration Formulation Feed Water Ash Dry matter Organic matter carbohydrates Lipids crude proteins Vitamins
  25. 25. icarda.org 25  Feed technologies should be prioritized before they are introduced to farmers. See the following: https://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/42243/discover?rpp=20&etal=0&query=%22techfit+feed+inte rvention%22&group_by=none&page=1 https://www.ilri.org/feast Prioritization of Feed Technologies
  26. 26. icarda.org 26 Feedstuff
  27. 27. icarda.org 27 Feed Analysis
  28. 28. icarda.org 28 Key tips for formulating rations for cows  A cow’s dry matter intake should be a minimum of 40% forage DM or about 1.5% of the cow’s body weight; and no more than 60% grain or 2 percent of body weight.  Acid neutral detergent fiber should be at least 18% and neutral detergent fiber at least 28% of ration dry matter.  Early lactation cows need 17-18% protein in their ration; Mid lactation need 16-17% and late lactation need 15-16%.  Added fat shouldn’t go above 7% of ration dry matter. Minerals and vitamins  Salt should be included in the grain mix at 1%.  Include a calcium-phosphorus source in the grain mix at 1 to 2%.

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