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ILRI 40 years: Livestock and healthy lives

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Emerging zoonotic infectious diseases – past trends and future predictions. Conceptual framework of the causal links between livestock keeping, nutrition and health outcomes among the poor

Poster prepared for the ILRI@40 Workshop, Addis Ababa, 7 November 2014

Published in: Science
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ILRI 40 years: Livestock and healthy lives

  1. 1. Trends and challenges Livestock and healthy lives ILRI@40 Barbara Szonyi and Delia Grace Emerging zoono@c infec@ous diseases – past trends and future predic@ons Maps of all zoono@c emerging infec@ous disease events (n = 202) since 1940 . Size of circles denotes number of events and color denotes breakdown of events in terms of type of zoono@c host. Source: D Grace et al. 2002. Mapping of poverty and likely zoonoses hot spots. Report to Department of Interna@onal Development, UK. Updated from Jones, K et al. 2008. Global trends in emerging infec@ous diseases .Nature,:451 (7181), 990-­‐993. Pictures Barbara Szonyi b.szonyi@cgiar.org Addis Ababa Ethiopia ● ilri.org Global distribu@on of rela@ve risk of an EID event. Maps are derived for EID events caused by (a) zoono@c pathogens from wildlife, (b) zoono@c pathogens from non-­‐wildlife, (c) drug-­‐resistant pathogens and (d) vector-­‐borne pathogens. Green to red indicates low to high risk. Source: Jones, K et al. 2008. Global trends in emerging infec@ous diseases .Nature,:451 (7181), 990-­‐993. This document is licensed for use under a Crea@ve Commons ABribu@on –Non commercial-­‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License November 2014 June 2012 Conceptual framework of the causal links between livestock keeping, nutri@on and health outcomes among the poor Right: Hypothesized causal linkages between livestock keeping and human nutri@on and health outcomes among the poor . ASF = animal-­‐source food; HH = household; arrows indicate different causal linkages . Source: .F. Randolph et al. Role of livestock in human nutri@on and health for poverty reduc@on in developing countries. J. Anim. Sci. 2007. 85:2788–2800. Food-­‐borne diseases in the developing world Approach Lec: Distribu@on of major food-­‐ borne zoonoses. Source: D Grace et al. 2002. Mapping of poverty and likely zoonoses hot spots. Report to Department of Interna@onal Development, UK. 1990 Rank Condi9on 1 Lower respiratory infec@ons 2 Diarrheal diseases 3 Preterm birth complica@ons 4 COPD 5 Malaria 6 Stroke 7 Protein-­‐energy malnutri@on 8 Tuberculosis 9 Neonatal encephalopathy 10 Ischemic heart disease 2010 Rank Condi9on 1 Lower respiratory infec@ons 2 Diarrheal diseases 3 Ischemic heart disease 4 Malaria 5 Stroke 6 HIV/AIDS 7 Preterm birth complica@ons 8 Road injury 9 COPD 10 Low back pain Trends of global disease burden Rank 1990 Condi9on 1 Ischemic heart disease 2 Stroke 3 Low back pain 4 Road injury 5 Lung cancer 6 Major depressive disorder 7 COPD 8 Self-­‐harm 9 Other musculoskeletal 10 Diabetes Rank 2010 Condi9on 1 Ischemic heart disease 2 Stroke 3 Low back pain 4 Major depressive disorder 5 Lung cancer 6 COPD 7 Other musculoskeletal 8 Road injury 9 Diabetes 10 Falls Top 10 causes of DALY in developed countries. Disability-­‐adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-­‐health, disability or early death. Source: Ins@tute for Health Metrics and Evalua@on (IHME) Top 10 causes of DALY in developed countries. Source: IHME

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