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Sustainable and productive farming systems: The livestock sector


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Presented by Jimmy Smith at the International Conference on Food Security in Africa: Bridging Research and Practice, Sydney, Australia, 29-30 November 2012

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Sustainable and productive farming systems: The livestock sector

  1. 1. Sustainable and productive farming systems The livestock sector Jimmy Smith International Conference on Food Security in Africa: Bridging Research and Practice, Sydney, Australia 29-30 November 2012
  2. 2. % growth in demand for livestock products 2000 - 2030Livestock production and marketing essential – 1 billion80% livestock products from informal markets and small farms 21.3 billion people employed in livestock value chains FAO, 2012
  3. 3. A balanced diet for 9 billion: Importance of livestock Enough food: much of the World’s meat, milk and cereals comes from developing country livestock based systems Wholesome food: Small amounts of livestock products – huge impact on cognitive development, immunity and well being Livelihoods: 80% of the poor in Africa keep livestock which contribute at least one third of the annual income and contribute a variety of other benefits. The role of women in raising animals, processing and 3 selling their products is essential.
  4. 4. Transformative partnerships and smallholders A positive transition of the livestock sector demands: – Technological solutions – Institutional solutions • Innovative institutional arrangements to mitigate vulnerability: “safety nets” – IBLI • Facilitating access to markets, inputs and services 4
  5. 5. Providing “Safety Nets” through the market: Index Based Livestock Insurance (IBLI)Aim: To generate a critical mass of informedpastoralists purchasing effective IBLI contracts thatare mediated by a capacitated insurance industrywithin a supportive policy and institutionalenvironment• Protection against drought-related livestock mortality: the greatest source of risk• An alternative to food/cash aid: a productive safety-net offering compensation in the event of loss• Market mediation with local and international insurance companies.• Innovative institutional arrangements to integrate: • commercial interests, academic and technical institutions, governments and regulators, NGOs and development agents
  6. 6. Solution driven R4D to achieve impact – demands transformative and novel partnerships R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Consumers Major intervention with development partners Value chain development team + research partners Strategic Cross-cutting Platforms • Technology Generation • Market Innovation • Targeting & Impact INTERVENTIONS TO GLOBAL RESEARCH SCALE OUT REGIONALLY PUBLIC GOODS
  7. 7. Key messages: opportunities Livestock for nutrition and food security: – Direct – 17% global kilocalories; 33% protein; contribute food for 830 million food insecure. Demand for all livestock products will rise by more than 100% in the next 30 years, poultry especially so (170% in Africa) – Indirect – livelihoods for almost 1 billion, two thirds women Small scale crop livestock systems (less than 2ha; 2 TLU) provide 50-75% total livestock and staple food production in Africa and Asia and provide the greatest opportunity for research to impact on a trajectory of growth that is inclusive – equitable, economically and environmentally sustainable That requires research that enhances understanding and targeting options and provides biophysical and institutional solutions that must be combined to enhance the transition of today’s smallholder livestock farms through inclusive growth to be a vibrant part of the food, poverty alleviation, environmental and health solutions for the future 7
  8. 8. ResearchBiophysical research • Addressing productivity (feed-breed-health) • Enhancing efficient animal production – environmental issues • Addressing and informing livestock-human nutrition • Disease challenges • Practical environmental solutionsInstitutional • Incentives, institutional and partnership arrangements for environmental stewardship and risk mitigation – payment for ecosystem services; insurance • Equitable, gender balanced market and service provision models • Business enterprise models • Evidence to guide public and private sector roles and investments in livestockLivestock systems transition • An opportunity to address future food needs • Diversity of starting points and solutions • Research-for-development to address transition: – Environmentally, socially, economically equitable and sustainable - INCLUSIVE
  9. 9. Thank
  10. 10. better lives through livestock The presentation has a Creative Commons license. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.