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Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan

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Presented by Muhammad Farooq Tareen at the Workshop on transforming livelihoods in South Asia through sustainable livestock research and development, Kathmandu, Nepal, 13-14 November 2018

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Livestock and Poultry Sectors in Pakistan

  1. 1. MUHAMMAD FAROOQ TAREEN GOVERNMENT POULTRY FARM QUETTA PAKISTAN ILRI workshop on transforming livelihoods in South Asia through sustainable livestock research and development Kathmandu, Nepal, 13-14 November 2018
  2. 2. Livestock Sector Introduction & Importance Roles in Livestock Development Livestock Constraints Livestock Breeds of Pakistan
  3. 3.  Livestock in Pak GDP 11.4 %  Share in agri. GDP 53.2 %  Livestock in export 8.5 %  Dependent families > 8.5 m  Provides raw material for industry  Social security for rural poor  Security against crop failure in barani areas
  4. 4.  Pakistan being an Agricultural based Economy has a great potential in Livestock.  Livestock sector employs 35 million people and produces almost $500 million of products.  Vast majority is of small farmers that maintain herds of 1 to 3 animals
  5. 5.  Pakistan is fortunate to be the home tract of some of the finest natural breeds of livestock as compared with other regional countries.  There are two buffalo breeds namely, Kundi and Nili-Ravi and eight discrete breeds of cattle.  Breed improvement work in Pakistan has mainly revolved around artificial insemination (AI) programmes.
  6. 6. (Million Heads) Province Cattle Buffalo Sheep Goat Camel Pakistan (2006) 29.6 27.3 26.5 53.8 0.9 Pakistan (2010) 34.3 30.8 27.8 59.9 1.0 Per cent distribution Khyber Phakhtunkhaw 20 7 13 18 7 Punjab 22 49 65 24 37 Sindh 23 27 15 23 30 Balochistan 8 1 48 22 41 Economic Survey (2009-10) Livestock Census (2006)
  7. 7. 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 1955 1960 1972 1976 1986 1996 2006 Census Year Numbers(X000) Cattle Buffaloes Sheep Goats
  8. 8.  Cattle and Buffaloes - Rural Subsistence Small Holdings - Rural Market Oriented Small Holdings - Rural Commercial Farming - Peri-urban/Urban Commercial Dairying - Desert Cattle Farming - Corporate Dairy Farming  Sheep and Goats - Nomadic - Transhumant - Sedentary / Household  Poultry - Rural Poultry - Intensive Poultry -Commercial Poultry
  9. 9.  Total milk production (09-10) 36.299 m tons  Milk market  Producers (self or direct selling) 68.0 %  Informal market (Gawala operated) 28.5 %  Formal dairy industry 3.5 %  Dairy industry  25 out of 49 dairy plants are operational  Main players are Nestle, Engro, Haleeb, Shakargang, Millac  Main products are UHT and Pasteurized milk, Milk powder, Yougurt, Cream, Cheese, etc.  3.0 million litres per day being procurement  Rs 63 million daily going to rural economy
  10. 10.  Almost every rural household and some urban households raise poultry  Poultry Population 73.65 million  Contribution to egg production 41.6%  Contribution to meat production 24.3%  Breeds: 3 local, 2 imported  Hatching: Brooding hens  Feeding: Scavengers  Important Diseases: Newcastle disease, Fowl cholera, Fowl pox Census 2006
  11. 11.  History  1963-65 Beginning of commercial poultry  1970s Broiler and layer farms  1980s Breeders farms, chick quality improvement  1990s Grand parents, better management  2000s Environmentally controlled housing, Processing and value chain  Status  Share in poultry meat75.7 %  Share in eggs 58.4 %  Grand parents 5 companies  Breeders 6.8 million  Layers 25 million  Broilers 434 million  Farms 25,897  Hatcheries 305  Feed Mills 154
  12. 12.  Federal  National policies, planning & economic coordination  Import/export of animals and animal products and animal quarantine  Research and international coordination  Catalyst for livestock development  Provincial  Livestock Development  Veterinary Vaccine Production  Disease surveillance and reporting  Livestock research  Livestock production and health education  Milk and meat quality  District  Veterinary Health service (Preventive & Curative)  Breeding services (Artificial insemination)  Animal slaughtering  Livestock Markets
  13. 13. Region Vet faculty Res/Vac Inst. Hospital Dispens aries Vet. Centres Labs Punjab 6 1 530 1213 1713 28 Sindh 1 2 119 60 608 7 NWFP 2 1 98 363 218 7 Baloch. 1 1 116 783 - 15 AJK 1 - 59 66 129 6 NA - - 12 165 - 7 FATA - - 25 212 207 1 ICT - 1 4 7 - 1 Total 11 6 963 2869 2875 72
  14. 14.  Inadequate feed resources (short by 30%)  Widespread breeding of genetically inferior livestock  Epidemics of infectious diseases  Poor marketing infrastructure  Inadequate institutional infrastructure  Outdated regulatory framework  Limited credit availability to the livestock farmers (1/10 of agricultural credit)  Low investment by government
  15. 15. Vision Promoting livestock to provide safe and quality products at competitive prices, covering entire value chain with focus on market and poverty reduction Policy Private sector led development with public sector providing enabling environment Strategy  Private sector led  Increase in productivity  Moving from subsistence farming to market- oriented and commercial farming  Covering entire value chain
  16. 16.  CATTLE BREEDS  Sahiwal  Red sindhi  Cholistani  Dajal  Lohani  Bhagnari  Rohjan  Therparker  BUFFALOW BREEDS  Nili Ravi  Kundi
  17. 17. PROVINCE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF SHEEP BREEDS. Balochistan (4): Balochi, Bibrik, Harnai and Rakhshani. KPK (7): Balkhi, Damani, Hashtnagri, Kaghani, Michni, Tirahi and Waziri. Punjab (7): Buchi, Cholistani, Kajli, Lohi, Salt Range, Sipli and Thalli. Sindh (3): Dumbi, Kachhi and Kooka. NAs (3): Baltistani, Gojal and Kohai Ghizer. AJK (4): Kail, Kali, Pahari and Poonchi
  18. 18. Balochistan (3): Kajli, Khurrasani and Lehri. KPK (3): Damani, Gaddi and Kaghani. Punjab (4): Beetal, Dera Din Panah, Nachi and Teddy. Sindh (11): Barbari, Bugri, Chapper, Jattan, Kamori, Kurri, Lohri, Pateri, Sindh Desi, Tapri and Tharki. NAs (5): Baltistani, Jarakheil, Kohai Ghizer, Labri and Piamiri. AJK (7): Beiari, Buchi, Jattal, Kail, Kooti, Pothohari and Shurri

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