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Livestock in developing countries: Animal health challenges and opportunities


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Presented by Jimmy Smith at the General Assembly of the International Federation for Animal Health, Brussels, 25 April 2013

Published in: Technology, Business
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Livestock in developing countries: Animal health challenges and opportunities

  1. 1. Livestock in developing countries:Animal health challengesand opportunitiesGeneral Assembly of the International Federation forAnimal Health, Brussels, 25 April 2013Jimmy Smith
  2. 2. OUTLINEThe global challenge for agricultureLivestock dimensionsThe case of animal healthA bit about ILRI
  3. 3. THE GLOBAL CHALLENGEHow the world would feed itself sustainably bythe time population stabiles?60% more food than is produced now75% of this must come from productivityincreaseWhile also reducing povertyCoping with the 2 degree temperature scenario--and possibly 4 degrees
  4. 4. OUTLINELivestock dimensions of that challenge –butalso opportunity
  5. 5. Percentage increase in demandfor livestock productsIFPRI-ILRI IMPACT model resultsFar higher growth in demand will occur in developing countries
  6. 6. By 2040, 70% of global beef and milk will be producedin developing countries by smallholders in transitionIFPRI-ILRI IMPACT model results%
  7. 7. 0510152090 95 2000 2004 2005 2008 2009MilliontonnesBeef Pork PoultryMeat OvineTrade matters --but local markets matter moreThe value of meat tradeis estimated over $100billion in 2011,approximately 10 percentof agricultural trade.However, trade of meataccount for only 10percent of total livestockconsumption
  8. 8. THE GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGESThe Livestock DimensionsPromoting growth with equity –small holderparticipationConnecting small holders to marketsRaising livestock productivityAnimal-human-ecosystems health & food safetyRendering livestock systems moreenvironmentally sustainableAmeliorating the effects of climate change onlivestock
  9. 9. Livestock for livelihoods in the developing world 70% of the world’s rural poor rely onlivestock for important parts of theirlivelihoods. Of the 600 million poor livestock keepers inthe world, around two-thirds are ruralwomen. More than half of livestock products areproduced by small holders – and growing Up to 40% of benefits from livestock keepingcome from non-market, intangible benefits,mostly insurance and financing.
  10. 10. Livestock keepers in developing countriesDensity of poorlivestock keepersOne billion people earning <$2 a day depend on livestock600 million in south Asia300 million in sub Saharan AfricaILRI, 20120 or no data
  11. 11. To eat meat or not to eat . . .One billion hungry Two billion overweight
  12. 12. Addressing GHG inefficiencies in thedeveloping world is an opportunityHerrero et al PNAS (forthcoming)GHG per kg of animal protein produced
  13. 13. A global water crisis 2 billion peoplelack access Demand is growing;freshwater is gettingscarcer 70% of totalfreshwater use is foragriculture,of which 31%is for livestock
  14. 14. Source: (Steinfeld et al. 2006)Large productivity gaps between richand poor countries are not closingSome developing country regions have gaps of up to 430% in milk
  15. 15. OUTLINEAnimal health issues
  16. 16. Costs of emerging zoonotic disease outbreaks(US$ billion)PeriodCosts (conservativeestimates)Annualaverage6 outbreaks other than SARS-Nipah virus (Malaysia),-West Nile fever (USA),-HPAI (Asia, Europe),-BSE (US),-Rift Valley Fever (Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia)- BSE (UK) costs in 1997-09 only1998-2009 38.7SARS 2002-2004 41.5Total in 12 yearperiod (1998-2009)80.26.7 b16Source World Bank 2012
  17. 17. Annual losses from selected diseases –Africa and South AsiaEstimates from BMGF
  18. 18. • West USA & west Europe hotspots• Last decade: S America & SE Asia
  19. 19. 19982007Globalization of transboundary disease:Example African swine feverThreat to $150 billionglobal pig industry
  20. 20. OUTLINEA bit about ILRI
  21. 21. CIMMYTMexico CityMexicoIFPRIWash. DCUSACIPLimaPeruCIATCaliColombiaBioversityInternationalRome ItalyAfricaRiceCotonouBeninIITAIbadanNigeriaILRINairobiKenyaWorldAgroforestryNairobiKenyaICARDAAleppoSyrian Arab Rep. ICRISATPatancheruIndiaIWMIColomboSri LankaIRRILos BanosPhillippinesWorld FishPenangMalaysiaCIFORBogorIndonesiaCGIAR Research Centres
  22. 22. ILRI OfficesMaliNigeriaMozambiqueKenyaEthiopiaIndiaSri LankaChinaLaosVietnamThailandNairobi: HeadquartersAddis Ababa: principal campusIn 2012, offices opened in:Kampala, UgandaHarare, ZimbabweGaborone, BotswanaOffice in Bamako, Malirelocated toOuagadougou, Burkina FasoDakar, Senegal
  23. 23. ILRI Nairobi campusA lab in Africa at the foot of Kenya’sNgong Hills★
  24. 24. ILRI resources• Staff: 700• Budget: $74 million• 30+ scientific disciplines• 150 senior scientists from 39 countries• 56% of internationally recruitedstaff are from 22 developing countries• 34% of internationally recruited staffare women• Large campuses in Kenya and Ethiopia
  25. 25. ILRI’s research teams25Integrated sciences BiosciencesAnimal science for sustainableproductivityBecA-ILRI hubFood safety and zoonoses Vaccine platformLivestock systems and theenvironmentAnimal bioscienceLivelihoods, gender and impact Feed and forage biosciencePolicy, trade, value chains Bioscience facilities
  26. 26. A portfolio of innovation and vaccinerelated technology platformsOptimizing existing vaccines Thermostabilization of attenuated viral vaccines Establishing quality control and process improvementReverse vaccinology and immunology Identification of vaccine antigens Assessing protein and gene-based vaccine formulationsPathogen & livestock genomics Host and pathogen gene expression profiles Pathogen population structureSynthetic genomics Manipulating bacterial genomes Attenuating viruses by genome engineeringACTGGTACGTAGGGCATCGATCGACATGATAGAGCATATAGCATGACGATGCGATCGACAGTCGACAGCTGACAGCTGAGGGTGACACCAGCTGCCAGCTGGACCACCATTAGGACAGATGACCACACACAAATAGACGATTAGGACCAGATGAGCCACATTTTAGGAGGACACACACCABioinformaticstoolsPredict genesequences andlist candidatevaccine antigensTest experimental vaccineClone genes ofvaccine interest(100’s of genes)Filter genes viaimmunologicalassaysPathogen genome mining(1000’s of genes)Molecular immunologytools to assess immuneresponses in cattle(10’s genes)
  27. 27. Opportunity: Employ ‘one health’ for diseases ofintensification and food-borne diseasesConducting integrated human & livestockdisease surveys: Kenya, Laos, Vietnam, ChinaSupporting one -healthresource centers inVietnam, Thailand andIndonesia• Undertakingparticipatoryrisk analysis forsafe foods ininformalmarkets
  28. 28. The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit isgiven to ILRI.better lives through