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Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW


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Presented by Yishak Baredo at the Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011.

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Small ruminant value chain development case of Goma PLW

  1. 1. Small Ruminant Value Chain Development Case of Goma PLW<br />Yishak Baredo<br />Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop<br />ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />1. Introduction<br />2. Diagnosis of existing fattening practice<br />3. Proposed interventions<br />4. Implementation Interventions<br />5. Observations, lessons learned and challenges<br />
  3. 3. <ul><li>Location of Goma PLW
  4. 4. 389 Km south west of Addis
  5. 5. Jima Zone, Oromya Region
  6. 6. Area- 962KM
  7. 7. Farming HH 45,567
  8. 8. Female headed farming HH 10,034
  9. 9. Source of livelihood -Coffee, livestock, crops
  10. 10. 35,000 Small ruminant population
  11. 11. Traditional fattening widely practiced</li></li></ul><li>2. Diagnosis of existing fattening system <br />Sheep fattening was selected by stakeholders, because of good market potential <br />Limitations<br /><ul><li>Poor performance in existing fattening practice due to lack of knowledge and skills
  12. 12. Long fattening period
  13. 13. Economically insignificant number of sheep
  14. 14. Poor or no selection of appropriate animals
  15. 15. Poor quality feed
  16. 16. Animal mortality </li></li></ul><li>3 Proposed interventions through participatory planning<br />Introduction of commercially oriented short term sheep fattening program with emphasis on women participation <br />3-month fattening period with appropriate (body size, weight, age) sheep purchased, number of animals (> 5)<br />Use of concentrate<br />Development of feed resources<br />Linkages with credit, veterinary service and concentrate supply services<br />
  17. 17. 4 Implementation of interventions<br />Awareness creation <br />Targeting of 120 farmers in one PA (82m, 38f)<br />Discussion on major elements of the interventions with the beneficiaries<br />Women participation<br /> Input supply, <br />On farm feed production<br />Credit, <br />Innovative risk management practice<br />
  18. 18. Implementation of interventions (cont’d)<br />Capacity development of farmers and DAs to fill gaps in knowledge and skills<br />Improved feeding system and overall innovate fattening practice<br />On farm feed resource development<br />Loan management <br /> Creating linkages with input/service providers<br />
  19. 19. Identification and linkages with concentrate supplier<br />Food oil factory<br /><ul><li>Located in Agaro
  20. 20. 100 qt CSM per day
  21. 21. 3000 qt per month
  22. 22. Never used by the PLW</li></li></ul><li>Linkage to credit service<br />Target farmers were linked to IPMS innovation<br /> credit fund managed by OCSSCo <br /><ul><li>Lamb purchase ( 5 sheep/HH)
  23. 23. Feed purchase
  24. 24. Drug purchase
  25. 25. Premium payment</li></li></ul><li>Innovative risk management<br />Community Based livestock Insurance (CBLI) <br /><ul><li>Consulting stake holders within and outside PLW
  26. 26. Bylaws developed</li></ul>Capital source<br />Capital management system<br /> Premium per sheep<br />Verification by whom and when <br /> Rules and procedures for claim<br />Etc <br />Oromifa, Amharic, English versions<br />
  27. 27. Feed resource development<br />On farm forage seed production was adopted as viable strategy to implement<br />5 forage seed multiplier farmers were selected and supplied with different forage seed<br />
  28. 28. 5 Observations, lessons learned and challenges in first cycle <br />Women participation and recognition<br />In a contest organized at the end of the first cycle the top 2 were women farmers awarded first and second price (36% women participants)<br />
  29. 29. Observations, lessons learned in first round…. <br /><ul><li>84% farmers reduced fattening period by half</li></ul>(from 6 months to three months), as a result of use of concentrate, improved health management, selection of animals for fattening<br /><ul><li>Gross income generated per individual target HH varied up to 2500 birr in three months time (could reach up to 10,000 in four cycle or in a planned one year fattening time)
  30. 30. 15 sheep died in the first three months cycle and13 were replaced by CBLI while 2 were rejected</li></li></ul><li>Other observations, lessons learned in first round …<br />94 % of target farmers highly appreciated CBLI and expressed willingness to continue it<br />Through on farm feed production exercise model farmers started to produce significant volume of forage seed.<br /><ul><li>Contributed for the scaling out and the exercise was picked as part of Livestock Agency and Urban Agriculture office regular program
  31. 31. Contributed to spontaneous adoption without credit in several areas</li></li></ul><li>Kilole PA cow pea<br />Suse PA Lablab<br />Omo Gurude PA Cow pea<br /> and oaths<br />
  32. 32. Challenges in the first cycle<br />CBLI<br />Cost incurred by executive committee to be considered<br />Bank location also should to be discussed<br />Premium amount has to should be revised<br />Credit<br /><ul><li>Non repayment by some group members (group size 30) caused problems for all group members for second round loan
  33. 33. Use of loans for other purposes by some farmers</li></li></ul><li>Challenges first cycle…..<br /><ul><li>Fattening sheep
  34. 34. Purchase of less than recommended no and underweight sheep.
  35. 35. Failure to feed recommended concentrate of volume
  36. 36. Shortage of lamb in a small village market due to demand triggered by target members</li></li></ul><li>Responses to first cycle observations<br />CBLI (based on discussions with groups)<br /><ul><li>Premium ( increased to 20birr/sheep)
  37. 37. Cost coverage for CBLI management team ( some groups decided to cover from the replacement cash)</li></ul>Credit<br />Women subgroup in Kilolo used their savings to repay for two defaulters – received second loan<br />Group size for loans to be reconsidered by OCCSco – not yet effected<br />
  38. 38. Responses to first round observations…<br />Fattening sheep<br />Sheep purchase was changed from individual to a team<br />A fast growing new breed <br /> (Bonga breed) was Introduced <br /> to start lamb rearing<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40. 6. Key issues to be addressed for scaling out<br />Development of lamb rearing system with improved breeds/locals<br />Credit – group size/collateral/Loan size conditions for farmers willing to buy larger number of animals for one cycle to be reviewed (requires national or regional level)<br />Institutionalization of CBLI (requires intervention at regional or nation level)<br />Explore alternatives for the public veterinary service to support fattening group<br />
  41. 41. Thank you!<br />