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African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Nigeria report

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Presented by Oladeji Bamidele at the Third ACGG Program Management Team Meeting, Abuja, Nigeria, 2 December 2016

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African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Nigeria report

  1. 1. African Chicken Genetic Gains ACGG-Nigeria Report Third ACGG Program Management Team Meeting, Abuja, Nigeria, 2 December 2016 Oladeji Bamidele
  2. 2. Nigeria Team Members PI- Prof E.B. Sonaiya Co-PI 1: Prof (Mrs) A.O. Adebambo Co-PI 2: Prof I.A. Adeyinka NPC : Dr Oladeji Bamidele SNCs Zone 1 SNC: Dr (Mrs) O.O. Alabi Zone 2 SNC: Dr (Mrs) F.O. Ajayi Zone 3 SNC: Prof (Mrs) U.E. Ogundu Zone 4 SNC: Dr A. Yakubu Zone 5 SNC: Prof W.A.A. Hassan
  3. 3. Major Activities to Report 1. Baseline survey 2. On-farm testing 3. On-station testing 4. Innovation platforms 5. Capacity building
  4. 4. Project Sites Agroecological map Source: IITA
  5. 5. Sample Size for Baseline and On-Farm Testing Subnational Zones (States) No of Local Government Areas No of Villages No of Households surveyed No of Households to receive chickens Kebbi 6 12 240 504 Kwara 6 12 240 504 Nasarawa 6 12 240 504 Imo 6 12 240 504 Rivers 6 12 240 504 Total 30 60 1200 2520
  6. 6. Flock Size Per Household Zones (agro-ecology) No of Respondents Ave. no. of chicken Imo (Humid/rain forest) 234 25 Kebbi (Sudan Savanna) 222 28 Kwara (Southern guinea Savanna) 240 29 Nasarawa (Derived Savanna) 238 28 Rivers (Humid/fresh water swamp) 234 29 Total 1168 28
  7. 7. Ranking of objectives of keeping chicken Production objectives Rank index of chicken production purpose and objectives Imo Kebbi Kwara Nasarawa River Meat consumption 0.46 0.35 0.45 0.36 0.44 Egg consumption 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.01 0.04 Meat sale 0.02 0.02 0.11 0.02 0.04 Egg sale 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.02 Chick sale 0.00 0.00 0.04 0.01 0.02 Ceremonies/festivals 0.06 0.28 ** 0.06 0.18 ** 0.11 ** Give away 0.02 0.05 0.09 0.08 0.05 Cock fighting 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 Live adult chicken sale 0.37 0.20 0.20 0.33 0.28
  8. 8. Perceptions of farmers on attributes of good chickens Qualities/attributes of a good chicken Rank index of qualities/attributes of a good chicken Cockerels Hen Imo Kebbi Kwara Nasarawa River Imo Kebbi Kwara Nasaraw a River large body size and weight 0.29 0.32 0.29 0.26 0.08 0.03 0.06 0.02 0.09 0.02 less illness 0.17 0.15 0.20 0.14 0.15 0.18 0.12 0.05 0.12 0.09 meat taste better 0.23 0.16 0.16 0.18 0.37 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.16 good physical appearance 0.09 0.21 0.07 0.10 0.11 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.04 lives a long time 0.10 0.08 0.12 0.10 0.14 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.06 good fighter 0.03 0.01 0.06 0.07 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 feed efficient 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.13 0.10 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.08 0.04 Produce a lot of eggs 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.24 0.40 0.45 0.29 0.30 Produces better tasting eggs 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.06 0.04 0.02 0.08 Produce eggs with harder/thicker shell 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 0.08 0.05 0.01 Produce chicks with high 0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.29 0.15 0.17 0.18 0.20
  9. 9. 2016 Timeline for On-station Testing Objectives Activities Outcome Status To start testing the Strains on stations Sign Service Agreements for supply of three Local germplasm Purchase of Hatchable Eggs for each of the three Local Germplasms Completed Secure License for import of Kuroiler and Sasso Importation of Hatchable Eggs for the foreign Germplasm Completed Sign Service Agreement with Feedmill, Hatcheries and Trainer of On-Station Data Collectors Feed supply secured; Day old chicks of 5 germplasms produced; Trained Data Collectors available Completed Monitoring and data collection On-Station Testing On-going
  10. 10. 2016 Timeline for On-Farm Testing Objectives Activities Outcome Status To start testing the Strains on local, scavenging village conditions Identification of more Households Recruitment of Field Officers (FO) Sign Service agreements with Brooder Farms in each zone FO’s Training at the Zones Distribution of 42 day Finalize On-farm Protocol Hatched chicks brooded to 42 days Trained FOs available to collect data Households receive 42 days growers On-farm Testing Completed On-going
  11. 11. Test Germplasms
  12. 12. Germplasms – Hatching & Distribution S/n Germplasms Distribution 1 Sasso All 5 States 2 Kuroiler KB, NS, RV 3 ShikaBrown KW, IM, RV 4 FUNAAB alpha All 5 States 5 Fulani All 5 States 85 81 74 60 55 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Hatchery Records Fertility (%) Hatchability (%)
  13. 13. On-station Test – Preliminary Data Stations used - FUNAAB (Public Institution) & FOL-HOPE FARMS (Private sector) Mortality during brooding < 2.5% across all breeds. 0.257 0.222 0.501 0.408 0.345 0.313 0.637 0.5580.552 0.457 Male Female Body Weight (kg) after 6 weeks of Brooding Fulani FUNAAB alpha ShikaBrown Kuroiler Sasso
  14. 14. On-station Test – Preliminary Data 1.344 0.954 2.591 1.8741.902 1.546 2.865 2.287 2.982 2.241 Male Female Body Weight (kg) at 20 weeks Fulani FUNAAB alpha ShikaBrown Kuroiler Sasso
  15. 15. Live and Carcass Evaluation 20 week old cocks of: ShikaBrown, FUNAAB alpha, Fulani, Kuroiler & Sasso Data Collection  Morphometrics  Haematological Parameters  Carcass analysis: meat, fat, bone  Rectal Temperature
  16. 16. On-Farm Test: The 60 Field Officers Female: 44% Male: 56% Photo credit: ACGG-NG FOs Database
  17. 17. Bird Distribution Photo credit: Kwara & Nasarawa States • Four Strains per State - 25 birds per Household
  18. 18. 2016 Timeline on Innovation Platform and Capacity Building Objective Activities Outcome Status Strengthen the National Platform Meetings Form Task forces to address the innovation challenges Solutions found to the use of paravets Marketing and branding are tackled at scale On-going Develop Business Hubs in each of the 5 Zones Develop a model for a smallholder poultry producers group Decision taken to start form group formation On-going Build capacity in smallholder research Announced the ACGG Fellowship Screened applications 2 applicants found qualified Announcement to be repeated On-going
  19. 19. Innovation Platforms held in 2016 2 National Innovation Platforms: March & Sept. Policy shift in the use of Para-vets Development of business ideas & ventures Formation of smallholder chicken group Market development and product branding 26 -27th September, 2016 15 - 16th March, 2016
  20. 20. Partnerships developed and strengthened ACGG-NG Animal Health Care Providers (7)  Veterinary Services TOPFEEDS  Feed Brooder Farms (8)  Brooding Services Fol-Hope Farms  Hatchery, Breeder farm (ShikaBrown), On-station National Agric. Res. System (NARS)  FUNAAB (FUNAAB alpha & On-station), NAPRI (ShikaBrown) 1st Agro Limited  Breeder farm (Fulani)Tertiary Institutions (9)  Capacity Building Fed. Ministry of Agric. & Rural Dev.  Policy, Import Permits Chickmaster - UG Silverlands - TZ Fowlsellers/Poultry Asso., Propcom Mai-karfi  Markets  Advocacy (Smallholder Poultry)
  21. 21. National Colloquium on Poultry Breeding & Genetics  Objectives • Share poultry breeding experiences • Discuss data & infrastructure needs for long- term genetic improvement of farmer- preferred strains  Outcomes • A public-private National Poultry Innovation Centre • Commitment to animal records keeping • Requested training in large data analysis
  22. 22. 2017 Proposed Areas of Emphasis S/n Targets Timeline 1 Strengthen Public Private Partnerships & support Innovation Platform Task Forces Feb & July 2017 2 Finalize ACCG-NG Fellowship awards Feb. 2017 3 Focus on Gender & socio-economic issues Start Jan. 2017 4 Data Driven Publications June 2017 5 Community Level Engagements Start Dec. 2016 6 Village vaccination program every 3 months Start Dec.
  23. 23. Our partners

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