Improved Food and Nutritional Security from Better Utilisation of Dairy Cattle Breed / Cross-breed Types in Senegal     Fo...
The importance of milkMilk = high-quality food which supplies  protein, energy & essential  micronutrients (which are scar...
Dairy sector of West AfricaDemand for milk and other dairy products is increasing:  population growth, urbanisation, risin...
Initiatives enabling sustainable increases in        dairy productivity can lead to: Improved livelihoods, including that...
In Senegal, the peri-urban dairy-cattle sector is rapidly   expanding, though limited quantitative information on rate of ...
Peri-urban dairy in Senegal: BreedsTraditional breeds   – Low output but low input   – Well adapted to local environmental...
Peri-urban dairy in Senegal:    Pure-breeds contributing to the cross-breed types                               West Afric...
Peri-urban dairy in Senegal: Breeds  There is little information on the performance of the   different breed and cross-br...
Work-package overview           • Generate information on dairy genetics +             dissemination to various stakeholde...
Work-package overview           • Increased use of the most appropriate dairy breed /             cross-breed typesOutcome...
Objective 1. Farmers and other stakeholders aware of the most  appropriate dairy breed / crossbreed types for peri-  urban...
Identification of the most-appropriate dairy                      cross-breed types                                       ...
Genomic approaches to determine breed      composition from DNA dataNew technology   – Feasability of approach demonstrate...
Objective 2. The dairy germplasm value chain of peri-urban  Senegal, and related policies, characterized and used to infor...
Objective 3. Local human, institutional and organizational capacity to access and   promote different breeds / cross-breed...
Objective 3. Local human, institutional and organizational capacity to access and     promote different breeds / cross-bre...
Year 1 activities•   Final selection of project sites: targeting 2 sites•   Recruit key project personnel within Senegal  ...
Project partners              Interstate School of Veterinary               Science and Medicine of Dakar              Agr...
Peri-urban dairyfarming in Senegal
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Improved food and nutritional security from better utilisation of dairy cattle breed / cross-breed types in Senegal

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Presented by Karen Marshall at the FoodAfrica Program Launch, Nairobi, 25 January 2012

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Improved food and nutritional security from better utilisation of dairy cattle breed / cross-breed types in Senegal

  1. 1. Improved Food and Nutritional Security from Better Utilisation of Dairy Cattle Breed / Cross-breed Types in Senegal FoodAfrica Program Launch, January 2012 Karen Marshall : kmarshall@cgiar.org
  2. 2. The importance of milkMilk = high-quality food which supplies protein, energy & essential micronutrients (which are scarce or absent in plant-based diets).Consumption of even small amounts of milk can significantly increase nutritional security & prevent malnutrition.
  3. 3. Dairy sector of West AfricaDemand for milk and other dairy products is increasing: population growth, urbanisation, rising incomesThe region (including Senegal) is already a net importer of milk and other dairy products FAO-STAT: Senegal
  4. 4. Initiatives enabling sustainable increases in dairy productivity can lead to: Improved livelihoods, including that of small to medium scale producers (regular cash income) More jobs: input-service providers, producers, transporters, processors etc. Enhanced household and regional food and nutritional security
  5. 5. In Senegal, the peri-urban dairy-cattle sector is rapidly expanding, though limited quantitative information on rate of expansion
  6. 6. Peri-urban dairy in Senegal: BreedsTraditional breeds – Low output but low input – Well adapted to local environmental conditionsRecently introduced European breeds – High output but high input – Require increased health-care, fodder, water, better management etc.Admixing (unstructured crossing) between the different breeds is occurring
  7. 7. Peri-urban dairy in Senegal: Pure-breeds contributing to the cross-breed types West African Zebu Azaouak Zebu Peul (Gobra)Maure European dairy breeds Holstein-Freisian Montbeliard
  8. 8. Peri-urban dairy in Senegal: Breeds  There is little information on the performance of the different breed and cross-breed types in ‘in-situ’ settings  The most appropriate breed combination for small to medium-scale diary farmers to keep is not known  Dairy farmers may not be able to access their breed of choice, due to lack of production and delivery systems This project will address these issues
  9. 9. Work-package overview • Generate information on dairy genetics + dissemination to various stakeholdersResearch  Performance of the different breeds /cross-breeds  Analysis of the dairy germplasm production & delivery systems  Analysis of policies pertaining to animal genetic resourcesCapacity • Capacity building activities targeted at specificBuilding stake-holders
  10. 10. Work-package overview • Increased use of the most appropriate dairy breed / cross-breed typesOutcomes • Improved dairy germplasm production and delivery systems • Strengthened dairy value chain  enhanced household and regional food and Impact nutritional security, improved livelihoods, business and employment opportunities
  11. 11. Objective 1. Farmers and other stakeholders aware of the most appropriate dairy breed / crossbreed types for peri- urban dairy production systems in Senegala) Identification of the most appropriate dairy breed / cross-breed types for selected dairy production systems in Senegalb) Dissemination of the above information to a variety of stake-holders: workshops, reports / publications, policy briefs & dialoguesYears 1 to 3
  12. 12. Identification of the most-appropriate dairy cross-breed types Genotyping of monitered and In-situ assessment reference animals (SNP chip) Performance + economic data at households & Pedigree not required animal level Breed composition of each test animal2 sites, each with 150 -200households / 750 animals:18 months monitoring Comparative analysis (Socio-) economic index = [outputs] – [inputs]
  13. 13. Genomic approaches to determine breed composition from DNA dataNew technology – Feasability of approach demonstrated in cattle (Kuehn et al., 2011) – Latest Bovine SNP chip has 700k markers
  14. 14. Objective 2. The dairy germplasm value chain of peri-urban Senegal, and related policies, characterized and used to inform the development of a strategy for strengthened dairy germplasm production and delivery systemsa) Current policies and institutional arrangements in relation to dairy germplasm production and delivery in the project sites documented – Assessment of previous and current policies – Value chain analysisb) Recommendations on the way forward to achieving a strengthened dairy germplasm production and delivery system – Developed in conjunction with stakeholders – May include business model developmentYears 2 to 3.5
  15. 15. Objective 3. Local human, institutional and organizational capacity to access and promote different breeds / cross-breeds of livestock for small to medium input production systems in developing countries enhanced.Who AreaLocal University and project PhD Animal genetics and breeding / livestockstudent productionPolicy makers at different levels Appropriateness of the different dairy cross-(provincial, national) breed types; need for research to evaluate the performance of different breeds / cross- breed of livestock.Local project partner Various research methodologies, including field survey design, implementation and analysis; mechanisms for result disseminationLocal-level stakeholders in dairy: Appropriateness of the different dairy breedfarmers, agricultural extension /cross-breed types for specific productionofficers, veterinarians, NGOs) systems
  16. 16. Objective 3. Local human, institutional and organizational capacity to access and promote different breeds / cross-breeds of livestock for small to medium input production systems in developing countries enhanced.Who AreaStakeholders in dairy germplasm Impact of policy on dairy germplasmproduction and delivery production and delivery; the dairy germplasm production and delivery value-chain and mechanisms to strengthen itLocally recruited site co-ordinators, Survey design and implementation; databasessite staff and enumerators and data management; facilitation of focus group discussions & farmer cross-learning activitiesProject women and men dairy Management of dairy cattlefarmers Performance of their own animals Appropriateness of the different dairy breed / cross-breed types for their specific situation
  17. 17. Year 1 activities• Final selection of project sites: targeting 2 sites• Recruit key project personnel within Senegal – Project scientist – Project PhD Student – Project data-base manager – Field staff: 3 per site x 2 sites• Project launch at national and site levels (all stake-holders)• Field survey to collect data for the purpose of identifying households and animals to recruit into the project + project sensitisation – 300+ households per site• Identifying households / animals of interest and recruit into project – 150 households / 750 animals per site• Baseline survey initiated – to collect data on socio-economics of dairy production at a household level – all households recruited into project
  18. 18. Project partners Interstate School of Veterinary Science and Medicine of Dakar Agrifood Research Finland
  19. 19. Peri-urban dairyfarming in Senegal

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