Report of a MilkIT scoping mission to Tanzania, August 2011

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Presented by Brigitte Maass at the MilkIT Pre-Inception Workshop, Nairobi, 24 – 25 January 2012

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  • http://www.vidiani.com/maps/maps_of_africa/maps_of_tanzania/detailed_relief_and_political_map_of_tanzania.jpg
  • http://www.vidiani.com/maps/maps_of_africa/maps_of_tanzania/detailed_relief_and_political_map_of_tanzania.jpg
  • 2012 Jan. 23 from: http://operations.ifad.org/web/ifad/operations/country/projects/tags/tanzania
  • 2012 Jan. 23 from: http://operations.ifad.org/web/ifad/operations/country/projects/tags/tanzania
  • Report of a MilkIT scoping mission to Tanzania, August 2011

    1. 1. Scoping mission to Tanzania August 2011 Brigitte Maass MilkIT Pre-inception Workshop, Nairobi 24 th – 25 th January 2012
    2. 2. Scoping mission – objectives <ul><li>Familiarize with current and planned dairy research and development efforts and who is involved; </li></ul><ul><li>Prospect for potential partners and potential sites for implementation of MilkIT; and, </li></ul><ul><li>Explore arrangements for broader stakeholder consultations on partnerships and sites for future CRP-3.7 related dairy value chains research and development projects, to be held possibly in November 2011. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Route Map from: http://www.vidiani.com/maps/maps_of_africa/maps_of_tanzania/detailed_relief_and_political_map_of_tanzania.jpg Nairobi Arusha Morogoro Dar es Salaam Tanga 1000 km 1000 km
    4. 4. Institutions visited <ul><li>Arusha </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SARI (Selian Agricultural Research Institute) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CIAT (Harvest Plus) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tanga </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TLRC (Tanga Livestock Research Centre – zonal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanga Fresh – milk processing plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Morogoro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SUA (Sokoine University of Agriculture) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dar es Salaam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IFAD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TDB (Tanzanian Dairy Board) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MLFD (Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land O ’Lakes (NGO) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Some highlights: Arusha/Moshi/Kilimanjaro <ul><li>Lots of crop residues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some transported from the lowlands to highland regions, but little is known about this value chain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seems to be a market for forages for urban dwellers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some women sell roadside-collected grasses along the Moshi-Arusha road </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Some highlights: Tanga <ul><li>Potential stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TLRC organized a “Stakeholder” meeting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researchers appeared motivated; also young people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An existing dairy platform already present that could be built on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional milk factory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Feed related issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal feed deficits. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Milk processing under capacity in dry season </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pastures would benefit from sowing improved species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is a gross lack of seed for pasture improvement in the country </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Some highlights: <ul><li>Morogoro + southern highlands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most important issues seem to be related to seasonality of fodder availability both in quantity and quality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>May need further assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Nationally, institutional roles not fully understood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Agricultural Council Tanzania (ACT) has been established to bring all stakeholders together; within ACT, Dairy Task Force has been formed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanzanian Dairy Board (TDB) – members e.g., TAMPA (Tanzanian Milk Processors Association) and TAMPRODA (Tanzanian Milk Producers Association); but they are also members of the Dairy Task Force </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Milk sheds Map from: http://www.vidiani.com/maps/maps_of_africa/maps_of_tanzania/detailed_relief_and_political_map_of_tanzania.jpg Dar es Salaam Nairobi 1000 km 1000 km MBEYA IRINGA NJOMBE TANGA Southern highlands MARA KAGERA MWANZA KILIMANJARO MANYARA ARUSHA ZANZIBAR Lake zone Arusha/ Kilimanjaro Tanga MOROGORO Morogoro Tanga Arusha
    9. 9. Potential sites <ul><li>Arusha/Kilimanjaro area: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasonably high productivity already and sufficient local market pull and potential for more distant markets (Dar-es-Salaam). Range of production systems including intensive and extensive systems. Could link to Manyara to fit IFAD priorities. Dairy processors already present. SARI is well established. But, could suffer from research fatigue. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tanga: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seems to be a well-developed dairy area already with an efficient milk processor (Tanga Fresh) selling milk mainly to Dar-es-Salaam. Interactions among various actors already seem fairly good, although participants were keen to emphasize that value chain linkages still need strengthening. Tanga Fresh has seasonality problem and also shortage of milk, so there could be things MilkIT could do on the feed side. If selected, Tanga would need to represent the “high market pull” site. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Highlands: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus area for new SUA-Norway project (EPINEV). Milk factories are functional there, and EADD2 aims to implement part of its activities in the southern highlands. Feed issues would have to be identified in that regions, probably more related to seasonality than general shortage. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Morogoro: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feed resources available, potential productivity is high, market Dar es Salaam. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. IFAD Tanzania: ongoing programs <ul><ul><li>Agricultural Services Support (>2004; nation-wide) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Sector Development – Livestock: Support for Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Development (>2005; see map) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Support (>2006; 6 mainland regions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Sector Development (>2008; 132 rural districts on mainland) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing Infrastructure, Value Addition and Rural Finance Support (>2010; all 26 regions, incl. Zanzibar) </li></ul></ul>2012 Jan. 23 from: http://operations.ifad.org/web/ifad/operations/country/projects/tags/tanzania
    11. 11. Agricultural Sector Development Programme – Livestock: Support for Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Development <ul><li>Main participants are poorest members of herder and agro-pastoralist groups who depend mainly on livestock for their livelihoods. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focusing particularly on women, young people and marginalized groups, and some Zanzibar fishing households. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also addressing special needs of the large numbers of poor rural people affected by HIV/AIDS. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The overall objective is to improve food security and increase incomes within these communities. Specifically, to improve livelihoods for the target groups by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>helping farmers identify and manage their own development needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>boosting livestock production through research and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>improving marketing systems and infrastructure for livestock products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strengthening national and local government institutions to improve services to livestock farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promoting a participatory approach to natural resource management within local administrations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>investing in improved health care and water management. </li></ul></ul>2012 Jan. 23 from: http://operations.ifad.org/web/ifad/operations/country/projects/tags/tanzania
    12. 12. MilkI T – Site selection criteria <ul><li>Potential for productivity improvement emphasizing feeds </li></ul><ul><li>Link between feed improvement and milk market </li></ul><ul><li>Production system </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock population </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>IFAD priorities </li></ul><ul><li>R&D partners </li></ul><ul><li>Market pull </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficiaries </li></ul>
    13. 13. MilkI T – Site selection criteria 1 Criteria Potential MilkI T research sites (Major Milk Sheds/Catchment zones of Tanzania) Arusha (town + its environs) + Kilimanjaro Regions Tanga Region + its environs incl. Lushoto highlands Morogoro + its environs incl. southern highlands (Iringa + Mbeya Regions) Mwanza + Mara Regions (Lake Victoria zone) Zanzibar Potential for productivity improvement emphasizing feeds ++ +++ +++ ++ + Link between feed improvement and milk market ++ +++ + + + Production system Intensive (highlands) + extensive (lowlands) Intensive (highland) + extensive (lowlands) More extensive than intensive Mainly extensive systems ??
    14. 14. MilkI T – Site selection criteria 2 Criteria Potential MilkI T research sites (Major Milk Sheds/Catchment zones of Tanzania) Arusha + Kilimanjaro Regions Tanga Region Morogoro + incl. southern highlands Mwanza + Mara Regions Zanzibar Cattle population and proportion improved dairy cattle (2007/08 sample based census) Livestock population Arusha 1,812,602 (5.3%) Kilimanjaro 493,943 (35%) Tanga 731,504 (6%) Morogoro 639,995 (1.8%) Mbeya 866,790 (9.1%) Iringa 475,935 (3.3%) Mwanza: 1,976,831 (0.3%) Zanzibar: 155,723 (4.4) Genetics for dairy cattle +++ cross breed ++ cross breed ++ cross breed + cross breed +?
    15. 15. MilkI T – Site selection criteria 3 Criteria Potential MilkI T research sites (Major Milk Sheds/Catchment zones of Tanzania) Arusha + Kilimanjaro Regions Tanga Region Morogoro + incl. southern highlands Mwanza + Mara Regions Zanzibar Stakeholders (Presence/ absence) +++ ++ + + ?? Types of stakeholders Many NGOs, NARS, Feed and agro-chemical companies, Milk proces-sors NGOs, NARS, Feed and agro-chemical companies, Milk proces-sors, stake-holder plat-form exists Feed processor, Milk processors, SUA, NARS Milk processors ??
    16. 16. MilkI T – Site selection criteria 4 Criteria Potential MilkI T research sites (Major Milk Sheds/Catchment zones of Tanzania) Arusha + Kilimanjaro Regions Tanga Region Morogoro + incl. southern highlands Mwanza + Mara Regions Zanzibar IFAD priorities ++ if linked with Manyara None None None +++ R&D partners SARI, Livestock Research Centre West Kilimanjaro Tanga Livestock Research Centre (zonal ARI) Mpwapwa Livestock Production Research Institute (natio-nal ARI), SUA None ?? Market pull – local +++ +++ ++ +++?? + Market pull – external +++ +++ +++ + None Beneficiaries +++ +++ +++ ++ +

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