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Better livelihood through agroforestry livestock system in Ethiopia

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Better livelihood through agroforestry livestock system in Ethiopia

  1. 1. Better livelihood through agroforestry- livestock system in Ethiopia Gezahegn Alemayehu1, Tsega Berhe1, Eyob Gelan1, Mulugeta Mokria2 and Rebecca Doyle1,3 1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia , 2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia , 3University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Introduction Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees and shrubs into crop and or animal farming systems on the same land-management unit. Agroforestry offer enormous opportunities to enhance food- and nutritional security as well as generating household income, especially in the tropical and sub-tropical developing regions. Aim: To evaluate and demonstrate the benefits of agroforestry-livestock integration for livelihoods improvement in Ethiopia. Conclusion Agroforestry practice diversify farmers income source and the integration with livestock production have good potential to improves the livelihood and food security of the households. Results Income sources from agricultural practices were more diverse in good tree access sites compared to the less tree access. More food insecurity was reported in LTA sites in Humbo, compared to GTA sites, and food insecurity was more common in general in Humbo than Dugda. Food insecurity was less common in Humbo when they had access to trees. More food insecurity was reported in GTA areas of Meki compared to LTA areas. Gezahegn Alemayehu gezahegn.almayehu@cgiar.org ● P.O.Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ● +251 116 17 2219 ● ilri.org This project was funded by Biovision Foundation This document is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. December 2021 . December 2021 Study area The research project was conducted in Dugda (Oromia) and Humbo (SNNP) districts of Ethiopia. Data collection Data was collected from 40 households each district (20 with good trees access (GTA) and 20 with less tree access (LTA) ). ILRI thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 1 2 3 4 5 percent Income Divestiy less tree access good tree access 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 total LTA GTA total LTA GTA Meki Humbo % family with food insecurity District tree access sever food insecurity moderate food insecurity Acknowledgements ▪ Biovision Foundation for Financing this project ▪ Humbo and Dugda district Agricultural offices ▪ Areka Research Center

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