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Benefits of agroforestry for improved animal welfare in Ethiopia: Evidence from Dugda and Humbo districts

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Benefits of agroforestry for improved animal welfare in Ethiopia: Evidence from Dugda and Humbo districts

  1. 1. Benefits of agroforestry for improved animal welfare in Ethiopia: Evidence from Dugda and Humbo districts Gezahegn Alemayehu1, Tsega Berhe1, Eyob Gelan1, Mulugeta Mokria2 and Rebecca Doyle1,3 1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia , 2World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) , Addis Ababa, Ethiopia , 3University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK Introduction Agroforestry is a promising agricultural practice which integrated crop-livestock-tree systems to improve health, welfare and productivity of the livestock. It is a key approach to greater sustainable sources of high-quality fodder which improve animal welfare and ensure food security of the farmer. Aim: To evaluate and demonstrate the benefits of combining agroforestry-livestock systems for animal welfare in Ethiopia. There was evidence of insufficient nutrition, discomfort and pain on assessed farm animals, and these were all more common in areas of restricted tree access. Pictures Conclusion Agroforestry practice improves animal health, welfare and productivity though better feed and shade access which in turn improve household food security level and income. Results Majority of the farmers in good tree access sites have better agroforestry resource such as fruit and exotic fodders trees, vegetable and root crop in their farms compared to less tree access Gezahegn Alemayehu gezahegn.almayehu@cgiar.org ● P.O.Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ● +251 116 17 2219 ● ilri.org This project was funded by Biovision Foundation This document is licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence. December 2021. December 2021 Study area The research project was conducted in Dugda (Oromia) and Humbo (SNNP) districts of Ethiopia. Methodology Welfare status of animal were assessed using resource and animal-based indicators. The assessments were conducted on four animal species (cattle, donkey, sheep and goat) by trained veterinarian. ILRI thanks all donors and organizations which globally support its work through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund. 0 20 40 60 80 100 fruit trees exotic trees for fodder indigenous tree for fodder and shade vegetables for animal feed root crops for animal feed % Agroforestry resources less tree access good tree acces 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 LTA GTA LTA GTA LTA GTA LTA GTA cattel sheep goat donkey % welfare indicators skinny (BCS 1 or 2) nasal discharge coughing Body condition of cow at good tree access (left) and less tree access(right) at same point in time. Acknowledgements ▪ Biovision Foundation for funding this project ▪ Humbo and Dugda district Agricultural offices ▪ Areka Research Center

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