Role of FAO-ECTAD in transboundary disease surveillance and control with special reference to ASF
Role of FAO-ECTAD in Transboundary Disease Surveillance and Control with special reference to ASF Bouna Diop Regional Manager FAO ECTAD Eastern Africa
Content FAO work in Animal Health FAO ECTAD Role Updated status of TADs in Africa Recent developments on ASF Control of ASF New approaches in addressing ASF
FAO work in Animal HealthRecent developments Decentralization Result-based programme management approach FAO Strategic Framework 2010 – 2019 Food Chain Crisis Management Framework (FCC) created in July 2010 to streamline the FAO’s response to food chain emergencies (animal diseases including aquatic, plant pests and food safety).
FAO work in Animal HealthRecent developmentsAnimal Health Strategy developed within the FCC to…“Establish robust, global animal health systems that effectivelymanages major health risks that arise from and affect animals,paying particular attention to the human-animal-ecosysteminterface using the One Health approach, and.... placing disease dynamics into the broader context ofsustainable agriculture, socio-economic development,environment protection and sustainability”.
FAO’s work in Animal HealthFAO ‘`One Health’’ Holistic approach to addressing the threats and reducing the risks of Animal emerging, re-emerging and other Health high-impact diseases. Human Health Collaborative, multisectoral approach emphasizing cross- cutting actions which integrate Ecosystem animal health, natural resources Health management, fisheries, forestry, nutrition, climate change, agriculture policy and gender to combat animal-, food- and vector- borne diseases.
FAO ECTAD RoleThe Emergency Centre forthe Transboundary AnimalDiseases (ECTAD) wascreated in 2004 to...... plan and deliver FAO’ssupport to member countriesin their endeavour to respondto transboundary animalhealth crises. ECTAD structure includes: animal health, wildlife, socio-economics, farming systems and communication.
FAO ECTAD RoleThrough integrated approach embraces enhanceddisease intelligence and emergency responsesystems at national, regional and internationallevels,ECTAD works to Provide support to member countries in preventing and controlling TADs during a crisis through strengthened surveillance, preparedness and early warning and response activities in affected, at-risk and newly infected countries Support disease control through inter-sectoral collaboration and strong and stable public health/animal health services and partnerships
FAO ECTAD Role (ctd)ECTAD work to Contribute to policy development and knowledge sharing through regional networks (EAREN, EARLN) in collaboration with AU-IBAR, RECs and in the context of the FAO-OIE Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs) Gather and consolidate information on HPAI and other TADs and support, in close collaboration with other partners Strengthen laboratory capacity through various trainings, supply of equipment and materials, proficiency testing etc Provide training in epidemiology, risk based-surveillance, risk analysis Provide adequate response to animal health emergencies in case of request by National VS in collaboration with by the CMC-AH.
FAO ECTAD Role (ctd)ECTAD work to Provide emergency assistance to control of TADs: PPR, RVF, ASF, HPAI etc. Review and assess existing animal disease information systems in order to harmonized information systems using LIMS as a model Review quality assurance systems in the central veterinary laboratories Assist countries in development of quality manual and subsequent implementation of QMS Assist countries to plan and execute desk top and field simulation exercises Undertake scenario based studies into socio-economic and livelihoods impacts of TADs. Etc.
Updated status of TADs Unprecedented increase in high-impact transboundary animal diseases (TADs) in the last decade: bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), Foot and Mouth disease (FMD), porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), peste des petits ruminants (PPR), Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), Rift valley fever (RVF), Newcastle disease and African swine fever (ASF). These TADs carry economic, social and political consequences to countries These TADs are an impediment to development as they result in food insecurity, poverty and unsafe foods in the region.
Recent development on ASF Reoccurrence of ASF in Cameroon, Cape Verde, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Uganda First occurrence in Chad and Central African Republic Newly affected countries in eastern Europe: Georgia, Armenia, Russia Federation, plus incursions in Iran (wild boar) and Azerbaijan Ongoing geographic expansion More countries at risk with no previous ASF experience
Control of ASF Main challenges in Africa Variety of different pig production systems from the fee-range system (most common) to commercial large scale farming Poor husbandry practices (and lack of detailed knowledge about husbandry, commercialization chains, slaughtering and processing) ASFV survives well in the environment ASF is sub-clinically endemic in warthogs No effective treatment or vaccine Inadequate capacities of Veterinary services (surveillance, diagnostic) Lack of animal/herd identification and traceability.
Control of ASF Stamping out Applicable for new introduction into an area Only if outbreak has been detected early and is geographically restricted to a small area Only with appropriate communication to affected stakeholders on measures before their implementation Only with appropriate timely compensation Only with the pre-allocation of enough resources that can be mobilized timely: trained personnel, equipment and expendables Only with clear pre-defined policy and standard operating procedures on what/how/when/what to stamp out (definition of epidemiological units, and pig populations to consider) according to epidemiological situation Only with complementary measures like outbreak investigation (incl. tracing back and forward), movement control, proper disposal of carcasses, cleaning and disinfection of affected areas and others as applicable Only with accompanying measures that reduce risk of re-introduction incl. proper awareness raising among all stakeholders.
Control of ASF Alternative control measures Adequate biosecurity measures according to the pig production system Bio-exclusion is the most appropriate measure High-risk practices to be avoided: Direct contact with infected domestic and wild pigs (wandering) Transport of game to village/house Feeding pigs with infected residues, not well sterilized Slaughter of sick pigs Not to burry or burn dead pigs.
Control of ASF Other initiatives Development of regional strategy to address ASF in collaboration with AU-IBAR, OIE and ..ILRI (?) etc Pig sector review in Kenya, Burkina Faso, RD Congo under finalization.
New approach in addressing ASF Recent disease dynamics in eastern Europe and sub-Saharan Africa call for a more concerted approach on ASF FAO ready to pick up a facilitator role for a “global alliance on ASF”. This will be initiated in collaboration with USDA during 1st phase (until spring 2012) Main task is the facilitation of harmonization of activities regarding ASF at international level where needed and desired by partners – the more stakeholders join the better, everybody is welcome Establishment of the FAO secretariat of the global alliance late summer this year Regional focus will be eastern Europe 2nd phase to start spring 2012 with the intention to widen the geographic scope to the African continent FAO will make sure that initiatives are harmonized with already existing EU based research groups and initiatives as well other initiatives.