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Supporting agriculture and health ministries to implement a national food safety policy based on risk-based approaches in Vietnam

Poster by Hung Nguyen-Viet, Lucila Lapar, Seth de Vlieger, Nancy Johnson and Delia Grace at the 4th annual Leverhulme Centre for Integrative Research on Agriculture and Health (LCIRAH) conference, 3-4 June 2014, London, UK.

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Supporting agriculture and health ministries to implement a national food safety policy based on risk-based approaches in Vietnam

  1. 1. Supporting Agriculture and Health Ministries to implement a national food safety policy based on risk-based approaches in Vietnam Nguyen Viet Hung1,2, Ma. Lucila Lapar1, Seth de Vlieger1, Nancy Johnson3, Delia Grace1 1 Food Safety Zoonoses Program, International Livestock Research Institute, Hanoi, Vietnam 2 SwissTPH and CENPHER/Hanoi School of Public Health , 3 CRP A4NH, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA Introduction Risk analysis is considered the gold-standard approach for rational management of food safety. However in Vietnam capacity is lacking in practical application, especially in the informal markets, where the majority of domestically produced food is bought and sold. We work with the Ministries and researchers to strengthen the capacity of assessment and management of food safety using risk assessment adapted to the informal markets of Vietnam and present findings on results and lessons learned. Methods A taskforce of risk assessment for food safety comprises researchers in Vietnam working on risk assessment and food safety from key universities, research institutes and representatives of the Ministry of Health (MOH) and Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). Analyses of food safety policy in Vietnam and how research evidence informs policy. Twenty experts and policy makers in food safety were interviewed. Stakeholder workshops were conducted to identify the scope of activities and priority issues in food safety formulated by policy makers that the taskforce works on. A series of training and follow-up along with case studies of risk assessment for food safety were held to strengthen the risk assessment capacity of the taskforce members and of the policy makers in food safety management. Pictures Next steps Our next step is to make risk-based approaches easier to use and adapted to local context. The taskforce could benefit from the support of the ministries, for example in its institutionalization and subsequently in conducting a series of training for the taskforce members and policy makers. Plans to become a technical group nationally recognized by MOH and MARD in risk assessment. Outputs • Publication of a special edition of risk assessment in a Vietnamese journal; • Policy briefs developed in Vietnamese and English. • Two trainings for veterinary professionals of MARD • Two case studies of risk assessment Hung Nguyen ● ILRI Vietnam ● +84 973445050 17a Nguyen Khang, Trung Hoa, Cau Giay, Hanoi, Vietnam ● This project was funded by CRP A4NH This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution –Non commercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License June 2012 June 2014 Findings Food safety management had an enabling environment in Vietnam with many national regulations, agriculture, health and trade ministries involved, and a decentralized system of management from central to commune. However, there was a large gap between regulation and its implementation in practice. Although food safety managers explicitly wished to use risk-based approaches, these were not adequately understood by food chain actors. Policy makers lack trust in research evidence for food safety policy making.