Rice value chain development 2005-2011: IPMS experiences in Fogera pilot learning woreds

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Presented by Dirk Hoekstra at the CIDA Stakeholders’ Workshop, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2 May 2012

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Rice value chain development 2005-2011: IPMS experiences in Fogera pilot learning woreds

  1. 1. Rice value chain development 2005–2011: IPMS experiences in Fogera Pilot Learning Woredas Dirk Hoekstra, IPMS Project ManagerCIDA Stakeholder Workshop, ILRI, Addis Ababa, 2 May 2012
  2. 2. Main actors/partners involved Fogera rice farmers Rice traders/processors Office of Agriculture of Fogera (various departments) Adet Agricultural Research Centre SG 2000 IPMS
  3. 3. Value chain process followed Rapid assessment on Fogera farming systems  Lowland flood rice system  Upland system Identification of potential marketable commodities  Vegetables, rice, chickpeas, niger seed, pepper  Dairy, beef, fish Rapid assessment commodity value chain  Production, input supply, processing marketing  Support services Identification of potential value chain interventions by commodity
  4. 4. Farming systems in Fogera, 2005
  5. 5. Methodology/tools used Review secondary data/GIS maps Field visits Focus group discussions with producers Interviews with key value chain actors (producers, input suppliers, processors and traders) and support services (extension, research) Stakeholder meeting to review and verify results
  6. 6. Main diagnosed findings of the rice commodity In flood system  About 5,500 ha grown under flood conditions during the rainy season  Reduced yield due to weed problems  Farmer to farmer seed supply system exists  Rice processed into flour (enjera making) and white rice (outside the district)  Breakage of rice during processing In upland system  Desire to include rice as their marketable commodity in the cropping pattern
  7. 7. Interventions Knowledge management and capacity development for rice value chain development Flood plain system  Improved agronomic practices – especially weeding (hand and herbicide)  Harvesting time – effecting breakage  Rice processing – sieves, parboiling, dish preparations Upland system  Introduce new varieties  Introduce seed multiplication
  8. 8. Knowledge management & capacitydevelopment• EAP – web based source of information (www.eap.gov.et)• Woreda knowledge centers- to increase access and sharing of knowledge• Use of MSc students to increase knowledge generation• Training followed by field days with partner institutions• Creation of platforms of value chain actors to share knowledge
  9. 9. Upland seed multiplication Testing upland varieties in 2006 Followed by on farm multiplication Development of seed supply system
  10. 10. Yield data and variety testing, 2006No. Variety Yield (Q/ha)1 NERICA – 4 10 – 522 NERICA– 3 6 – 283 Superica – 1 28 Note: X-Jigna (upland) 40 qt
  11. 11. Nerica Seed Production 1800 1600 1400Production in qt 1200 1000 800 Seed Production 600 400 200 0 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year
  12. 12. Sale of seed in 2011 (in qt) Sold, 104 Farmer to Farmer, 1540
  13. 13. Rice weed controlThe project tested Roundup with 25 farmersWas found cost effective by farmers (environment)Now, more emphasis on manual weeding which has positive effect on employment Farmers demonstrating on application of round up
  14. 14. Rice straw used for livestock feed
  15. 15. Rice straw treatment with urea forlivestock feed
  16. 16. Rice processors 2006 – 09 processors – mostly in town 2011- over 120 in town and 30 in rural areas
  17. 17. Progress against baseline Baseline 2004/05 2011 achievement X-Jigna (ha) NERICA-4 (ha) X-Jigna (ha) NERICA-4 (ha) Agro-ecology Lowland Upland Lowland UplandUpland kebele≥ 1900masl - 0 6,058 48.605Lowland Kebele‹ 1900masl 5,409 0 9,435 6.185 Total 5,409 0 15,493 54.79
  18. 18. White rice retail price/kg from 2005 – 2011 during peak supply and short supply 12 10 8Price/Kg 6 Peak supply (Feb. – Apr.) 4 Short supply (Aug. – Nov.) 2 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Year
  19. 19. Future market of rice and by-products Rice flour produced for rural markets  Relatively low quality processing  Processing partly based on fee, partly on paddy sale  X-Jigna suitable variety White rice produced for urban market  Higher quality processing  Processing mostly based on purchase of paddy rice  Processing results in commercial by products for livestock feed (bran)
  20. 20. Current price Items Unit Unit price Paddy Rice Ton 8,500 White rice Ton 11,400 -12,500 Rice bran +husk Ton 1,200
  21. 21. NERICA-4 – white rice variety
  22. 22. Maize, finger millet, and rice mixture formaking flour for Enjera
  23. 23. Rice grain loading for Addis market
  24. 24. Rice Bran and Rice husk (chaff) loadingfor Addis market
  25. 25. Relevant lessons for value chainsupporters Value chain development requires attention to different parts of the value chain in and over time Involvement of private sector in marketing and processing will often take place spontaneously Private sector can be supported with new knowledge on market opportunities and processing requirements Continuous engagement is needed – post harvest management, processing
  26. 26. Rice case study on the IPMS website
  27. 27. Good luck in your value chain development work

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