Measuring development process resilience:
A test from northern Kenya
Lance W. Robinson, Jonathan Davies,
Polly J. Ericksen...
Social-Ecological Resilience
“The capacity of a system to absorb
disturbance and reorganize while undergoing
change so as ...
Development Resilience
“The ability of a household to keep with a
certain level of well-being (i.e. being food
secure) by ...
Development Resilience
In the face of recurring drought:
• The DRR community focuses on maintaining
well-being in the shor...
Measurement of
Development Resilience
Some Key Principles for Resilience
Measurement
 Distinguish outcomes of resilience from
determinants of resilience
 Deve...
Resilience Measurement:
Three Main Types of Data
We need measures of:
• The state of human development
(indicators of well...
Response of Well-Being To Drought
Drought A
B
C
D
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Well-Being
P...
Incidence-% Marsabit, Kenya
Global Acute Malnutrition Among Children
Moderate Drought
Severe Drought
Extreme Drought
Based...
Suggested Conceptualization
(mWB after shock x severity of shock) ƒ RD1, RD2, RD3….
mWB before shock
WB = Well-being
RD = ...
Some final thoughts
• A local-level HDI would have great value
• Resilience thinking (system resilience)
has much to offer...
This work contributes to the CGIAR Research Program on
Dryland Systems.
It is supported by the Technical Consortium (TC) f...
The presentation has a Creative Commons license. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given ...
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Measuring development process resilience: A test from northern Kenya

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Presented by Lance W. Robinson, Jonathan Davies, Polly J. Ericksen and Simon Mugatha at the IFPRI 2020 Policy Consultation and Conference, Side Event on Measuring and Evaluating Resilience in Drylands of East Africa, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2014


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Measuring development process resilience: A test from northern Kenya

  1. 1. Measuring development process resilience: A test from northern Kenya Lance W. Robinson, Jonathan Davies, Polly J. Ericksen and Simon Mugatha IFPRI 2020 Policy Consultation and Conference, Side Event on Measuring and Evaluating Resilience in Drylands of East Africa, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2014
  2. 2. Social-Ecological Resilience “The capacity of a system to absorb disturbance and reorganize while undergoing change so as to still retain essentially the same function, structure, identity, and feedbacks.” (Walker et al., 2004, p. 5). Not necessarily desirable. (e.g., poverty traps)
  3. 3. Development Resilience “The ability of a household to keep with a certain level of well-being (i.e. being food secure) by withstanding shocks and stresses” (FAO, 2010). “The capacity to cope with adverse stressors/shocks without adverse development consequences .” (Resilience Measurement Technical Working Group)
  4. 4. Development Resilience In the face of recurring drought: • The DRR community focuses on maintaining well-being in the short-term, and • The development community focuses on interested in improving well-being in the longer term.
  5. 5. Measurement of Development Resilience
  6. 6. Some Key Principles for Resilience Measurement  Distinguish outcomes of resilience from determinants of resilience  Development resilience is not simply o The inverse of vulnerability o Coping with shocks  More and better data vs. economy and realism -- need for a balance
  7. 7. Resilience Measurement: Three Main Types of Data We need measures of: • The state of human development (indicators of well-being, and their changes over time), • Shocks (measures of the extent and severity of shocks such as droughts), and • Broader social and ecological conditions (indicators of determinants of resilience).
  8. 8. Response of Well-Being To Drought Drought A B C D
  9. 9. 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Well-Being Poverty Line Drought Well-BeingIndex What Development Resilience IS NOT
  10. 10. Incidence-% Marsabit, Kenya Global Acute Malnutrition Among Children Moderate Drought Severe Drought Extreme Drought Based on SMART Nutrition Survey Data
  11. 11. Suggested Conceptualization (mWB after shock x severity of shock) ƒ RD1, RD2, RD3…. mWB before shock WB = Well-being RD = Resilience determinant
  12. 12. Some final thoughts • A local-level HDI would have great value • Resilience thinking (system resilience) has much to offer – let’s not lose sight of its insights
  13. 13. This work contributes to the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems. It is supported by the Technical Consortium (TC) for Ending Drought Emergencies and Building Resilience to Drought1 in the Horn of Africa. Acknowledgements
  14. 14. The presentation has a Creative Commons license. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI. better lives through livestock ilri.org

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