Measuring and evaluating resilience in drylands of East Africa
Managing impacts from infectious disease outbreaks
Bernard ...
Background
• Infectious disease outbreaks-- one
of the important shocks in the dry
lands
• Rift Valley fever as a flagship...
Rift Valley Fever
 RVF is a mosquito-borne viral disease
of sheep, goats, cattle, camels with
zoonotic potential
 Exposu...
Rift Valley Fever – impacts on producers
Predicted mortality rates of RVF in cattle and sheep by age group
Implications of...
Economic impacts
Downstream value chain actors – traders,
transporters, meat processors
 Play a pivotal role in promoting...
Summary
 Measurement and evaluation of resilience to disease
epidemics
- Models
- Participatory methods to understand
soc...
Summary
 Measurement and evaluation of resilience to disease
epidemics
- Models
- Participatory methods to understand
soc...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Measuring and evaluating resilience in drylands of East Africa: Managing impacts from infectious disease outbreaks

674 views

Published on

Presented by Bernard Bett at the IFPRI 2020 Policy Consultation and Conference, Side Event on Measuring and Evaluating Resilience in Drylands of East Africa, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2014


0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
674
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Measuring and evaluating resilience in drylands of East Africa: Managing impacts from infectious disease outbreaks

  1. 1. Measuring and evaluating resilience in drylands of East Africa Managing impacts from infectious disease outbreaks Bernard Bett, ILRI IFPRI 2020 Policy Consultation and Conference, Side Event on Measuring and Evaluating Resilience in Drylands of East Africa, Addis Ababa, 15-17 May 2014
  2. 2. Background • Infectious disease outbreaks-- one of the important shocks in the dry lands • Rift Valley fever as a flagship disease: o Occurs in irregular patterns for institutions to adequately plan for, and manage, epidemics o Socio-ecological drivers and impacts o Management -- requires multi- disciplinary approaches and partnerships Gridded livestock of the world; FAO, 2007
  3. 3. Rift Valley Fever  RVF is a mosquito-borne viral disease of sheep, goats, cattle, camels with zoonotic potential  Exposure to man – direct contact with infectious material e.g. when slaughtering, taking case of sick animals  Outbreaks associated with exceptionally high, persistent rainfall and flooding  Trade aid the dissemination of the disease  Disease impacts --more in the dry lands  Ideal ecological niche for the virus  Extreme weather events – negative impacts on herd immunity RVF hotspots in East Africa
  4. 4. Rift Valley Fever – impacts on producers Predicted mortality rates of RVF in cattle and sheep by age group Implications of mortality impacts:  Reduced offtake, decimation of replacement stock and loss of future milk production  Predictions suggest that after 5 years, cattle and sheep populations recover to between 91-97% of the carrying capacity  Interventions to enhance resilience? Diversification of production systems, restocking efforts
  5. 5. Economic impacts Downstream value chain actors – traders, transporters, meat processors  Play a pivotal role in promoting physical access to food  Greatest impacts from: o Movement bans o Maintaining animals that had been purchased before sale o Shift in consumer preferences  Resilience – livestock traders changed businesses or relied on savings (Karl and Wanyoike, 2007) - Systems dynamics models now being developed to evaluate the impacts of these shocks Picture from Florence Mutua, ILRI
  6. 6. Summary  Measurement and evaluation of resilience to disease epidemics - Models - Participatory methods to understand sociological changes  Interventions  - involve multiple partners in the development of decision support tools
  7. 7. Summary  Measurement and evaluation of resilience to disease epidemics - Models - Participatory methods to understand sociological changes  Interventions  - involve multiple partners in the development of decision support tools

×