Rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition: Context


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Presentation by Kristina Roesel at the PigRisk project outcome mapping and in-depth survey workshop, Hanoi, Vietnam, 18 June 2013.

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Rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition: Context

  1. 1. Rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition: Context Kristina Roesel Presented at the PigRisk project outcome mapping and in-depth survey workshop Hanoi, Vietnam, 18 June 2013
  2. 2. Outline 1. Brief recap of ILRI’s value chain work 2. Brief recap on the rapid integrated assessment project 3. Results: rapid assessment of pigs in Uganda 4. In-depth work on questionnaires
  3. 3. CGIAR mandate since ~40 years: agricultural research for poverty alleviation Criticism: Traditional approach was piecemeal with little impact! Past research has focused specific aspects of given value chains, commodities and country. Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers ...in Country A Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Marketing Consumers Marketing Consumers ...in Country B Inputs & Services Production Processing ...in Country C Inputs & Services Production ...in Country D Processing
  4. 4. Since 2012: Focus on integrated value chains for bigger impact . . . • Launch of CGIAR Research Programs http://www.cgiarfund.org/research_portfolio • Multi-centre, multi-partner, multi-disciplinary R4D integrated to transform selected value chains In targeted commodities and countries. Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Value chain development team + research partners Consumers
  5. 5. More milk, meat, and fish by and for the poor (CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish) Goal: increasing production/productivity for food security in 9 selected value chains
  7. 7. CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health • 3 components around human nutrition (IFPRI-led) • 1 component on prevention and control of agricultural associated diseases (ILRI-led) • • • • • Food safety Neglected zoonoses Emerging infectious diseases Ecohealth/One Health Integrated programs & harmonized policies https://aghealth.wordpress.com/
  8. 8. Since 2012: Value chain assessment Taylor and Rushton (2011) 8
  9. 9. Rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition: The generic toolkit
  10. 10. Rapid integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition (RIA) • June - November 2012 development of a generic set of tools for the integrated assessment of food safety and nutrition in livestock value chains • Collaboration with Royal Veterinary College (RVC) • Funded by ACIAR • Now applied in 6 livestock value chains (4 under Safe Food, Fair Food project)
  11. 11. Objectives: • To assist rapid integrated assessment of food safety, zoonoses and nutrition in informal livestock value chains as one facet of a comprehensive value chain assessment • • • • feeds, breeds market access animal health, food safety/zoonoses/nutrition enabling environment • To report to livestock value chain managers 11
  12. 12. Key outputs: • • • Systematic literature review on zoonotic hazards Situational analysis of enabling environment Qualitative (rapid) assessment • knowledge, attitudes, practices and incentives (KAPI) • Quantitative assessment • prevalence survey of selected hazards • questionnaire survey with value chain actors • Identification of critical control points and suggestions for risk mitigation 12
  13. 13. 4 phases of RIA: 1. Collection of secondary data 2. Qualitative assessment: participatory appraisals, focus group discussions, key informant interviews 3. Quantitative assessment: questionnaire survey and biological sampling 4. Feedback to communities and stakeholders
  14. 14. Key research questions I/III: • Food safety • • What are the main hazards likely to be present in the value chain? What risks do these hazards pose to value chain actors? • Food and nutrition security • • What is the role of the animal-source food in question in diets of poor farmers and consumers? What is the relationship between livestock keeping and livestock eating? 14
  15. 15. Key research questions II/III: • Combined food safety and nutritional issues • How does nutritional quality and food safety change along the value chain? • What are the trade-offs? • Are there trade-offs/synergies between feeds and foods? • How do the different animal-source food value chains compare in meeting nutrition and food safety needs? • How is value chain development likely to affect food safety and nutrition? 15
  16. 16. Key research questions III/III: • Social and gender determinants of health and nutrition • • • Who gets the nutritional benefits and bears the risk of animal source foods? How do gender roles and poverty invluence health and nutrition risks? How do cultural practices affect health and nutrition risks? • Trends and possible interventions • How (and at which point of the value chain) could investments enhance consumption of nutrients and decrease health risk? 16
  17. 17. In Uganda and Vietnam, we have completed phase 1 and 2
  18. 18. The quantitative assessment, questionnaire survey (and biological sampling) • Producer • Trader (live pigs/pig products) • Bulking point (slaughter) • Retailer • Consumer
  19. 19. Producer questionnaire, 12 modules: A. House hold information B. Maternal dietary diversity C. Child dietary diversity D. Animal source food and nutrition E. Food security http://www.fantaproject.org/downloads/pdfs/HFIAS_v3_Aug07.pdf F. Production G. Time trade-offs
  20. 20. Producer questionnaire, 12 modules: H. Inputs I. Food hygiene, consumption amounts and frequencies J. KAPI: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Incentives for change K. Health/cost of illness L. Observation checklist
  21. 21. Transporter questionnaire, 4 modules: A. Value chain actor information B. Origin and destination of pigs/pork C. Transport (of live animals and pig products) D. Observation checklist
  22. 22. Bulking point (slaughter) questionnaire, 6 modules: A. Value chain actor information B. Inputs and outputs C. Live animals (ante mortem) D. Slaughter process E. Knowledge, attitudes and practices F. Observation checklist
  23. 23. Retailer questionnaire, 7 modules: A. Value chain actor information B. Supply network C. Transport D. Customers, processing, preparation, handling and sales (fresh pork/ processed pork) E. Human health F. Knowledge, attitude, practice G. Observation checklist
  24. 24. Consumer questionnaire, 7 modules: A. Household information B. Maternal dietary diversity C. (Index) child dietary diversity D. Availability, accessibility and substitution E. Food security F. Knowledge, attitude, practice G. Health information
  25. 25. Contact: Kristina Roesel Project coordinator “Safe Food, Fair Food” ILRI Kampala https://safefoodfairfood.wordpress.com/ www.ilri.org The presentation has a Creative Commons licence. You are free to re-use or distribute this work, provided credit is given to ILRI.
  26. 26. Acknowledgements • Addis Ababa University (AAU), Ethiopia • Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM) • Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa (ASARECA) • Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d’Ivoire (CSRS) • Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Switzerland • Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Germany (BfR) • Freie Universität Berlin (FUB), Germany • German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) • German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) • International Foundation for Science (IFS), Sweden • Italian Embassy • Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology • National Research Foundation (NRF), South Africa • Programme d’Appui Stratégique à la Recherche Scientifique en Côte d’Ivoire (PASRES)/ Fonds Ivoiro-Suisse de Développement Economique et Social (FISDES) • Promotion of Private Sector Development (PSDA/GIZ) • Rakuno Gakuen University (RGU), Japan • Royal Veterinary College (RVC), UK • Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), Tanzania • University of Ghana (UoG), Ghana • University of Hohenheim (UoH), Germany • University of Nairobi (UoN), Kenya • University of Pretoria (UoP), South Africa