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Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate...
Who am I ? Working at the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Research ( ZALF ), Müncheberg, Germany PhD project embedded in  ...
What is awaiting you? “ SWOT Analysis” – what are we talking about? Identification major stakeholders present in conservan...
S W O T Analysis S trenghs W eaknesses } relate   mostly to  present advantages  and  disadvantages  of conservancies   O ...
Identification of major stakeholders present in conservancies <ul><li>Within Conservancies diverse Stakeholders </li></ul>...
Pastoralists Tourism Operators <ul><ul><li>Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul>Threats ...
Pastoralists Tourism Operators <ul><ul><li>Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul>Threats ...
Pastoralists Strength <ul><li>Income    income diversification, amount of income, stability of income, security and predi...
Pastoralists Weaknesses   <ul><li>disappointment among Pastoralists: did not expect to have that little land for grazing f...
Pastoralists Opportunities   <ul><li>incorporating Pastoralists as shareholders    also helps to directly link aim to inc...
Pastoralists Threats   <ul><li>reliance on donor funding </li></ul><ul><li>damage that increased wildlife causes (predatio...
Example of SWOT Analysis <ul><li>Conservancies across Kenya differ </li></ul><ul><li>- land tenure </li></ul><ul><li>- pay...
How will we work in this session? <ul><li>Group formation </li></ul><ul><li>Break out session in 4 groups </li></ul><ul><l...
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Participatory SWOT analysis of institutional arrangements in the conservancies

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Presented by Sarah Schomers at the Workshop on Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate Change Adaptation Option, ILRI, Nairobi, 15 February 2012

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Participatory SWOT analysis of institutional arrangements in the conservancies

  1. 1. Enabling Livestock Based Economies in Kenya to Adapt to Climate Change: A Review of PES from Wildlife Tourism as a Climate Change Adaptation Option ILRI, Nairobi, 15 February 2012 Participatory SWOT analysis of institutional arrangements in the conservancies Sarah Schomers
  2. 2. Who am I ? Working at the Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Research ( ZALF ), Müncheberg, Germany PhD project embedded in CIVILand – a junior research group engaged in PES in the context of civil society initiatives in Germany, UK and USA <ul><li>Research focus: </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Incentives to conserve ES (PES) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional economics with the focus on transaction cost economics </li></ul>M.Sc. „International Economics and Business“ University of Groningen (Netherlands)
  3. 3. What is awaiting you? “ SWOT Analysis” – what are we talking about? Identification major stakeholders present in conservancies Example of SWOT Analysis (preliminary) How will we work in this participatory session?
  4. 4. S W O T Analysis S trenghs W eaknesses } relate mostly to present advantages and disadvantages of conservancies O pportunity T hreats } relate mostly to future possibilities to be exploited , - potential future pitfalls that need to be taken care of S W O T S W O T
  5. 5. Identification of major stakeholders present in conservancies <ul><li>Within Conservancies diverse Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Pastoralists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Tourism Operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Conservation (Ecology) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sometimes conflicting, sometimes supplementing – interest are present </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore we will do different SWOT analyses: Each from the perspective of the respective stakeholder </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pastoralists Tourism Operators <ul><ul><li>Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul>Threats Threats Threats Threats Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Strength Strength Strength Strength
  7. 7. Pastoralists Tourism Operators <ul><ul><li>Political Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul>Threats Threats Threats Threats Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Weaknesses Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Opportu-nities Strength Strength Strength Strength
  8. 8. Pastoralists Strength <ul><li>Income  income diversification, amount of income, stability of income, security and predictability of income </li></ul><ul><li>Access to financial institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Monetary trickle-down effects to broader community and people not owning land within conservancies </li></ul><ul><li>Remuneration beyond pure cash payments: </li></ul><ul><li>- guiding school </li></ul><ul><li>- community projects </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoralist have voice, i.e. Board of Trustees </li></ul><ul><li>Stops further fragmentation of land and keeps rangeland together and open </li></ul>Strength
  9. 9. Pastoralists Weaknesses <ul><li>disappointment among Pastoralists: did not expect to have that little land for grazing for any other use </li></ul><ul><li>too little active inclusion of Pastoralist (shareholder of tourism enterprises?) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-land owners being worse off </li></ul><ul><li>Power imbalance </li></ul>Weaknesses
  10. 10. Pastoralists Opportunities <ul><li>incorporating Pastoralists as shareholders  also helps to directly link aim to increase wildlife with own income </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoralists could potentially benefit from emerging markets due to increased tourism: beef production, handicrafts, honey … </li></ul><ul><li>improvement, augmentation and diversification of income from land use changes and conservancies: VER, CDM, REDD, Habitat Banking, bundling of diverse ES that can be sold in future (potentially) emerging ES markets </li></ul>Opportu-nities
  11. 11. Pastoralists Threats <ul><li>reliance on donor funding </li></ul><ul><li>damage that increased wildlife causes (predation) </li></ul><ul><li> in particular to non-members being more disadvantaged as no payments for increased wildlife in first place </li></ul><ul><li>inflation, decreasing future land lease payments (if increase in inflation exceeds that of payments </li></ul><ul><li>climate change fluctuations: drought and lost access to land </li></ul><ul><li>governance structures need to be flexible enough to adapt to short term climate fluctuations, such as droughts… </li></ul>Threats
  12. 12. Example of SWOT Analysis <ul><li>Conservancies across Kenya differ </li></ul><ul><li>- land tenure </li></ul><ul><li>- payment scheme </li></ul><ul><li> Impact on respective S-W-O-T? </li></ul><ul><li>Example of SWOT Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Research August 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on Mara Conservancies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preliminary and not complete! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCA </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. How will we work in this session? <ul><li>Group formation </li></ul><ul><li>Break out session in 4 groups </li></ul><ul><li>1h </li></ul><ul><li>Lunch </li></ul><ul><li>Plenary session to discuss group findings </li></ul><ul><li>90min </li></ul>

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