Participatory rural appraisal of livestock diseases amongst a Fulani community in central Nigeria
Participatory rural appraisal oflivestock diseases amongst a Fulani community in central NigeriaPENAPH First Technical Workshop, Dec 11-13, Chiang MaiBolajoko M. B., Moses G. D., Gambari-Bolajoko K. O., Ifende V. I., Emenna P. and Bala A.
IntroductionParticipatory rural appraisal (PRA) evolved fromrapid rural appraisal (RRA)RRA: rapid collection of data by non-members ofthe community for comprehensive understandingof the rural situation
Introduction contPRA: intensive, systematic, but semi-structuredmethod of having an overview and analyses ofthe prevailing situation in community with thecommunity actively involved in the process.
Objectives studyOverview of the livestock health problems andtheir management by the Fulanisdetect disease or health problems ofimportance to communityprevalence or incidence
Methods ChecklistAppraisal team Introduction of appraisal teamA translator Identify respondentsTwo epidemiologists Types of livestock reared & husbandry systemsA clinician Identification & description of atA sociologist least 3 diseases for each livestock Grazing location/pattern Visual & Physical examination Proportional piling exercise
Methods contApproximately 30% of theFulani community wererandomly visited duringstudy www.farmafrica.org/what-we-do/what-we-doAmong techniques of PRA:Open-ended interviewwith respondents, transect& proportional piling http://www.unmillenniumproject.org/mv/mv_closer.htm
Methods contSourced information were recordedas non-numeric, non-categoricaltestimonies from oral explanationsof respondentsIterative analyses http://asapafrica.blogspot.it/2009_01_01_archive.htmlParticipatory (probing,triangulation) analysesSamples and ticks were collectedduring visits for laboratorydiagnosis & identification http://www.dfid.gov.uk/r4d/PDF/Outputs/ClimateChange/jotoafrika_7.pdf
Results contHigh incidence of conjunctivitis and fever among theFulani communities usually accompanies tickInfestation in both cattle and goatMajor challenge: limited water supply particularlyover the dry season> 90% of the respondents do not seek veterinaryconsultation
Results contCommunity had no specific grazing lands allocated forgrazingIncrease in the incidence of diseases during the rainyseasonLab confirmations: infectious bursa disease (poultry),CBPP, babesiosis, ND, fascioliasis, brucellosis & tickinfestationFulanis, not effectively integrated into the nation’slivestock disease control & health maintenance system
DiscussionPRA, a useful tool for reliable data collection: onspatiotemporal prevalence or incidence of diseasesand to inform research design & goal.PRA can be used to liaise with, empower &integrate the rural or remotely located livestock-owning communities in the control of animaldiseases.
ConclusionThis study reiterates the benefits of PRA,particularly in improving the detection &understanding of problems faced by farmers.Proving to be an indispensable tool forsustainable disease control, rural developmentparticularly in developing nations.
AcknowledgementThe Executive Director, National VeterinaryResearch InstituteHOD, Extension and Research LiaisonDivisionDr (Mrs.) Maryam MuhammedThe respondents during the study and ourtranslator