Overview of Geo-Information
    Applications in ILRI
GIS at ILRI
• Research:
  – Currently being applied in a wide variety of
    projects within the different “thematic work ...
GIS services Unit Activities
• Ensuring generated data documentation meets agreed
  global standards
• Facilitate proper s...
ILRI Service Unit Outputs
Metadata Services
ArcSDE Centralised Database system
Interactive Map Services
ILRI Web based Downloadable data
Capacity Building


Decision Makers
(Basic GIS – 1 Week)


   GIS Technician + Analysts
   (Advanced training – 2 Weeks)

...
ILRI Thematic Outputs
Some exciting GIS outputs 2008
•   Poor Livestock Keepers / Value of Production
     – SSA and SA                        ...
Some exciting GIS outputs 2008
Climate Change hotspots + VOPs per system
    ASARECA                    Jeannette Van de ...
Targeting and Innovations Theme
        Activities Example
SLP drivers of change
          Systems are changing:
          Population increasing, Urbanisation, Increased demand for ...
SLP drivers of change

             4 Scenarios:
METHODS


              Reference

          Bio-fuels Scenario

        ...
SLP drivers of change
                        • Mixed intensive systems in the developing world are under significant
    ...
SLP drivers of change
                    3. “Moving megajoules” - fodder markets are likely to expand as demand for
     ...
Crops: You and Wood

Ag.Pot: LGP>180days or equipped for irrigation
MA: less than 8 hours to >250K
EADD - Spatial analysis
•The East African Dairy Development (EADD) Project operates in
selected areas of Kenya, Uganda and...
Market Opportunities Theme
    Activities Example
The EADD Study Sites in East Africa
Site Selection using Development domains
Development Domains
-Similar agricultural Problems or opportunities.
-Specific de...
Sampling of households to be surveyed
•Quadrant random selection approach used – survey area divided into smaller
Sampling...
People Livestock and Environment
         Example output
Mapping of fences in Kitengela
                             The Fencing Team
                             ILRI
           ...
What is planned for 2009 (and beyond)
•   LS production systems toolbox (incl. standard classifications) and LS
    produc...
What is planned for 2009 (and beyond)
Methane emissions from livestock (global)
     Mario Herrero
Feed supply (crops, for...
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Overview of Geo-Information Applications in ILRI

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Overview of Geo-Information Applications in ILRI, July 2009, Patrick Kariuki

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Overview of Geo-Information Applications in ILRI

  1. 1. Overview of Geo-Information Applications in ILRI
  2. 2. GIS at ILRI • Research: – Currently being applied in a wide variety of projects within the different “thematic work areas” • Services: – Data management – Advice and services on applications – Capacity Building among staff and collaborators – Data sourcing and sharing both internally and externally over the internet
  3. 3. GIS services Unit Activities • Ensuring generated data documentation meets agreed global standards • Facilitate proper storage and sharing of data • Catalyst to capacity development across the institute • Meeting short term requests on GIS related work from staff and collaborators • Conducting training activities for staff and collaborators • Keeping ILRI up to date on new developments in the geo- information technologies • Linking ILRI with geo-information community in the world • Works with biometric services to ensure proper incorporation of statistics principals in spatial analysis where such is needed and in building capacity among staff on the same
  4. 4. ILRI Service Unit Outputs
  5. 5. Metadata Services
  6. 6. ArcSDE Centralised Database system
  7. 7. Interactive Map Services
  8. 8. ILRI Web based Downloadable data
  9. 9. Capacity Building Decision Makers (Basic GIS – 1 Week) GIS Technician + Analysts (Advanced training – 2 Weeks) Community Basic training – 1-2 weeks
  10. 10. ILRI Thematic Outputs
  11. 11. Some exciting GIS outputs 2008 • Poor Livestock Keepers / Value of Production – SSA and SA  An Notenbaert, Patrick Kariuki, Abisalom Omolo • USLE Based Potential Erosion Map – Nile Basin  Paulo van Breugel, A. Notenbaert, L. Claessens, J. VdSteeg • Livestock water productivity and crop water use – Nile Basin  Paulo van Breugel • Simplified productions systems map (4 classes) + projection to 2030 – Global  An Notenbaert • Projections for crops, livestock, livestock products, water use, malnutrition – Developing world  Mario Herrero, An Notenbaert
  12. 12. Some exciting GIS outputs 2008 Climate Change hotspots + VOPs per system ASARECA  Jeannette Van de Steeg Vulnerability indicators GHA  James Kinyangi Composite Risk maps COMESA  An Notenbaert, Stella Massawe GOBLET and the “development domains tool” Global  Carlos Quiros, An Notenbaert Avian Influenza Risk map Africa, Asia, Indonesia  Wachira Theuri Innovation successes Ethiopia  Patrick Kariuki Updated poverty maps Uganda  Patrick Kariuki Dairy Value Chain. East Africa  Pamela Ochungo Kitengela (Wildlife and livestock counts, fences, atlas) Kitengela  Shem Kifugo, Mohamed Said
  13. 13. Targeting and Innovations Theme Activities Example
  14. 14. SLP drivers of change Systems are changing: Population increasing, Urbanisation, Increased demand for LS products, Intensification, Climate change, Technology shifts, Globalisation, …. PROBLEM …. can the poor benefit from these changes? …. can we change without compromising food security, ecosystems services and livelihoods?
  15. 15. SLP drivers of change 4 Scenarios: METHODS Reference Bio-fuels Scenario Irrigation Expansion Low meat Demand
  16. 16. SLP drivers of change • Mixed intensive systems in the developing world are under significant pressure SOME KEY FINDINGS From 2.5 to 3.4 billion people, from 150 to 200 million cattle Sustaining most of the pigs and poultry and still increasing by 30-40% Most of the crops yields as well as areas stagnating Water and soil fertility problems  Important productivity gains could be made in the more extensive systems Annual changes in Cereal-Production Rate of Change Cereal Production 2000 - 2030 2000 - 2030 6 Rates lower than those of Rates of growth of mixed population growth Catching up intensive similar to developed 5 countries 4 % 3 2 1 0 CSA EA SA SEA SSA WANA Total AgroPastoral Mixed Extensive Mixed Intensive Other Developed countries
  17. 17. SLP drivers of change 3. “Moving megajoules” - fodder markets are likely to expand as demand for meat and milk increases SOME KEY FINDINGS 4. Expansion of bio-fuels will likely reduce household food consumption in all systems 5. Some systems may need to de-intensify or stop growing to ensure sustainability of agro-ecosystems services Better understanding of intensification thresholds: regulatory framework and M&E system Incentives to protect environment / equitable “smart” schemes for payment of eco-system services We need significant efficiency gains (in crops, livestock and other sectors alike)
  18. 18. Crops: You and Wood Ag.Pot: LGP>180days or equipped for irrigation MA: less than 8 hours to >250K
  19. 19. EADD - Spatial analysis •The East African Dairy Development (EADD) Project operates in selected areas of Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. • The EADD project aims to transform the lives of 179,000 farming families (approx 1 million people – by doubling dairy income by the 10th year. This will be done through integrated interventions to enhance dairy production, market access and knowledge application. •The core interventions include setting up 27 new milk collection/ chilling plant hubs across the region.
  20. 20. Market Opportunities Theme Activities Example
  21. 21. The EADD Study Sites in East Africa
  22. 22. Site Selection using Development domains Development Domains -Similar agricultural Problems or opportunities. -Specific dev. Policies, Investments, livelihood options, technologies likely to be most effective?
  23. 23. Sampling of households to be surveyed •Quadrant random selection approach used – survey area divided into smaller Sampling grid cells and then a simple random sampling technique applied to select.
  24. 24. People Livestock and Environment Example output
  25. 25. Mapping of fences in Kitengela The Fencing Team ILRI Shem Kifugo Mohammed Said 5 David Nkedianye Robin Reid 4 Mike Arunga 1 Vince Odour 3 Community Lugard Ole Makui 6 Simon Sinkeet Ole Mula Nelson Ole Olpute Mark Ole Koikai 2 Daniel Ole Issa Joseph Ole Maratanta James Ole Turere Nathaniel Ole Sinket Joseph Ole Kimiti Simon Ole Peira Regan Ole Makui
  26. 26. What is planned for 2009 (and beyond) • LS production systems toolbox (incl. standard classifications) and LS productivity – An Notenbaert • Length Growing Period and Cereal production under different scenarios – Philip Thornton • Global rangeland model + carbon sinks + responses to CC – Stefano Disperati / Joseph Maitima • Dynamic vulnerability for SSA (+ Mali & Mozambique) – An Notenbaert • Intensification thresholds and nutrient balances (global) – Jeannette Van de Steeg • Ecosystem services in the pastoral areas (+ links with food/environmental security) – Stefano Disperati
  27. 27. What is planned for 2009 (and beyond) Methane emissions from livestock (global) Mario Herrero Feed supply (crops, forages, rangelands) & feed demand + impacts CC + Feed markets (global) Mario Herrero, Michael Blummel Integration of livestock in LU and economic models Mario Herrero Water poverty and vulnerability in the Nile Basin James Kinyangi Evaluation of Arid Lands Resource Management Program Abisalom Omolo Landscape genomics Steve Kemp East Coast Fever (risk mapping, spatial targeting of delivery) Phil Toye, Frank Hansen Value chains and market access (distance to markets and services; collection and distribution of market information, risks and diseases) Steve Staal, Derek Baker

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