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Overview of CGIAR research for improving post-crisis relief, recovery and rehabilitation Lessons from recent experiences P...
Overview <ul><li>Research outputs and lessons emerging </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions from participants: </li></ul><ul><u...
Research Outputs <ul><li>Monitoring & impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic & analytical tools </li></ul><ul><li>...
Monitoring & impact assessment <ul><li>Emergency relief sector is good at monitoring the delivery of assistance but poor a...
Diagnostic & analytical tools <ul><li>Seed relief studies led to development of various tools & methodologies for assessin...
Market studies, baselines, reviews <ul><li>Examples from S. Sudan and Somalia </li></ul><ul><li>Field methods often need t...
Technical advice & support <ul><li>Various ways of providing advice and support </li></ul><ul><li>Most effective is when r...
Biodiversity conservation & restoration <ul><li>Examples from Somalia, Ethiopia.. </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm is rarely lo...
Institutional development & capacity building <ul><li>Institutional development in post-conflict situations might include:...
Policy guidance <ul><li>On-going engagement with FAO, NGOs and various donors has led to changes in the ways in which seed...
Conceptual analysis <ul><li>CGIAR weakness is limited understanding of RRR processes and approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Rese...
Contributions from participants… Lessons from research  for improving post-crisis  relief, recovery and rehabilitation
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Overview of CGIAR research for improving post-crisis relief, recovery and rehabilitation: lessons from recent experiences

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A presentation by Kate Longley at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008.

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Overview of CGIAR research for improving post-crisis relief, recovery and rehabilitation: lessons from recent experiences

  1. 1. Overview of CGIAR research for improving post-crisis relief, recovery and rehabilitation Lessons from recent experiences Presented by Kate Longley at the Workshop on Defining a Strategic Agricultural Research Agenda on Post-Crisis/Post-Shock Recovery in Highly Stressed Systems, Nairobi, May 22-23, 2008
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Research outputs and lessons emerging </li></ul><ul><li>Contributions from participants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steffan – CIALCA in Central Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kizito – Zimbabwe PRP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suresh – ICIPE in S. Sudan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CEFA – market research in Somalia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And Others…. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Research Outputs <ul><li>Monitoring & impact assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnostic & analytical tools </li></ul><ul><li>Market studies, baselines, reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Technical advice & support </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity conservation & restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional development & capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Policy guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual analysis </li></ul>
  4. 4. Monitoring & impact assessment <ul><li>Emergency relief sector is good at monitoring the delivery of assistance but poor at assessing the impacts on beneficiary households </li></ul><ul><li>CGIAR studies of seed aid show that conventional ‘seeds & tools’ distributions have less impact than assumed </li></ul><ul><li>Impact assessments are essential in developing and enhancing current RRR practice </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diagnostic & analytical tools <ul><li>Seed relief studies led to development of various tools & methodologies for assessing seed systems and seed needs </li></ul><ul><li>Other tools include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerability Tracking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germplasm Biodiversity Mapping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major challenge is in promoting the uptake of tools / methodologies by agencies who can make use of them </li></ul>
  6. 6. Market studies, baselines, reviews <ul><li>Examples from S. Sudan and Somalia </li></ul><ul><li>Field methods often need to be adapted to conflict situations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insecurity; lack of secondary data; lack of trained national staff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes in marketing and production patterns due to crisis often renders earlier baselines out of date </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews are important due to high staff turnover and lack of institutional memory of relief agencies </li></ul>
  7. 7. Technical advice & support <ul><li>Various ways of providing advice and support </li></ul><ul><li>Most effective is when researchers are directly involved in design of RRR programmes and interacting with implementing agencies </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Zimbabwe Protracted Relief Programme (Kizito) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Biodiversity conservation & restoration <ul><li>Examples from Somalia, Ethiopia.. </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm is rarely lost due to short-lived, acute stress </li></ul><ul><li>Germplasm is occassionally lost due to chronic stresses such as plant diseases or drought </li></ul><ul><li>Lost varieties are most likely to be short-duration types and modern varieties (MVs) </li></ul><ul><li>Seed relief projects that aggressively promote MVs risk replacing local varieties </li></ul>
  9. 9. Institutional development & capacity building <ul><li>Institutional development in post-conflict situations might include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public & private institutions for delivery of inputs & services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural research systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt ministries / departments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Often a massive need for govt sector capacity-building after long conflicts </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity-building among NGOs also needed </li></ul><ul><li>Training can include degree-level, general awareness-raising, specific methods, etc </li></ul>
  10. 10. Policy guidance <ul><li>On-going engagement with FAO, NGOs and various donors has led to changes in the ways in which seed aid is programmed </li></ul><ul><li>Specific assessments in specific countries have also had an impact on RRR policy </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in promoting lasting policy changes at institutional (rather than individual) levels </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conceptual analysis <ul><li>CGIAR weakness is limited understanding of RRR processes and approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Research undertaken on the concept of rehabilitation can guide future work </li></ul><ul><li>Potential for analysis of post-conflict institutional development; enhancing resilience of agricultural & marketing systems… </li></ul>
  12. 12. Contributions from participants… Lessons from research for improving post-crisis relief, recovery and rehabilitation

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